Marine Mammal Protection ActData Set (DS) | Office for Coastal Management (OCM)
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:48893 | Updated: May 30, 2023 | Published / External
|Title:||Marine Mammal Protection Act|
The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA or Act) prohibits, with certain exceptions, the "take" of marine mammals in U.S. waters and by U.S. citizens on the high seas, and the importation of marine mammals and marine mammal products into the U.S. The MMPA gives the Secretary of Commerce, working through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service, authority and duties under the Act for all Cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) and Pinnipeds (seals and sea lions, except walruses), and gives authority for other species of marine mammals to the Secretary of the Interior, working through the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. The Secretaries are also required to prepare and periodically revise stock assessments of marine mammal stocks (section 117). In addition, the Secretary of Commerce must publish in the Federal Register and revise at least annually a list of commercial fisheries that categorizes the fisheries based on the incidence of serious injury and mortality of marine mammals (section 118(c)).
Date enacted: October 21, 1972
Codification: 16 U.S.C. Sec. 1361 et seq.
Authority: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
To support ocean planning activities pursuant to the Executive Order Regarding the Ocean Policy to Advance the Economic, Security, and Environmental Interests of the United States, the Energy Policy Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the Rivers and Harbors Act, and the Coastal Zone Management Act.
|Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords||
EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT
|ISO 19115 Topic Category||
|ISO 19115 Topic Category||
|ISO 19115 Topic Category||
|None||Marine Mammal Protection Act|
|Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords||
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
|None||Northern Mariana Islands|
|Organization:||Office for Coastal Management|
Data Set Information
|Data Set Scope Code:||Data Set|
|Maintenance Frequency:||As Needed|
|Data Set Credit:||Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, NOAA Office for Coastal Management|
Point of Contact
|Date Effective From:||2016-05-11|
|Date Effective To:|
|Contact (Organization):||NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)|
2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
|Currentness Reference:||Publication Date|
Extent Group 1
Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1
Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1
|Time Frame Type:||Discrete|
|Data Access Constraints:||
|Data Use Constraints:||
For coastal and ocean planning
MarineCadastre.gov Data Registry
Activity Log 1
Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.
Activity Log 2
Converted from FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.
Activity Log 3
Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.
The attributes in this dataset are believed to be accurate.
|Horizontal Positional Accuracy:||
Maximum scale of intended use is 1:80,000.
Spatial and attribute properties are believed to be complete. Geometric thresholds from original data are preserved. No tests have been completed for exhaustiveness.
Topology has been validated, including least possible modification of the original data as needed to correct topology errors. These errors were noted in southern Alaska (two errors) and the Gulf of Mexico (two errors).
Binational Features for the United States and Mexico Border Region
|Contact Name:||Department of the Interior (DOI), United States Geological Survey (USGS)|
|Extent Start Date/Time:||2006|
US/Mexico international boundary | Type of Source Media: online
U.S. Maritime Limits and Boundaries
|Contact Name:||Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office for Coast Survey (OCS)|
|Extent Start Date/Time:||2013-09-13|
National boundary of the Exclusive Economic Zone and equivalent boundaries | Source Geospatial Form: vector digital data | Type of Source Media: online
Process Step 1
1. The Marine Mammal Protection Act's geographic coverage was developed from two existing data sets: (A) OCS's U.S. Maritime Limits and Boundaries shapefile (EEZ and equivalent boundary), and (B) USGS's US/Mexico international boundary. 2. Where boundaries from the two data sources intersected in Texas and California, boundaries were cut accordingly so that no ArcGIS "dangles" remained. 3. Where boundaries in the Pacific Ocean crossed the International Date Line, the single part polylines were manually closed within an edit session. 4. Topology errors were addressed, which included two errors in southern Alaska and two errors in the Gulf of Mexico (within the OCS data). 5. The national polyline (including Alaska, Hawaii, and all U.S. territories) was converted to a polygon. 6. Added fields and populated accordingly.
|Process Date/Time:||2016-01-01 00:00:00|
Rubric scores updated every 15m
|Catalog Item ID:||48893|
|Metadata Record Created By:||Anne Ball|
|Metadata Record Created:||2017-11-14 15:56+0000|
|Metadata Record Last Modified By:||SysAdmin InPortAdmin|
|Metadata Record Last Modified:||2023-05-30 18:09+0000|
|Metadata Record Published:||2018-02-08|
|Metadata Publication Status:||Published Externally|
|Do Not Publish?:||N|
|Metadata Last Review Date:||2018-02-08|
|Metadata Review Frequency:||1 Year|
|Metadata Next Review Date:||2019-02-08|