Slide Menu
Search Help Show/Hide Menu
Short Citation:
OCM Partners, 2023: NAIP Digital Ortho Photo Image,

Item Identification

Title: NAIP Digital Ortho Photo Image
Short Name: 2010_tijuana_nerr
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2012-01-12

This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture

Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by

USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA

strategic goals centered on agricultural production.

These are, increase stewardship of America's natural resources

while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities

are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to

increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by

acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected

during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP

ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a

fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation

programs. Ortho imagery provides an effective, intuitive

means of communication about farm program administration

between FSA and stakeholders.

New technology and innovation is identified by fostering and

maintaining a relationship with vendors and government

partners, and by keeping pace with the broader geospatial

community. As a result of these efforts the NAIP program

provides three main products: DOQQ tiles,

Compressed County Mosaics (CCM), and Seamline shape files

The Contract specifications for NAIP imagery have changed

over time reflecting agency requirements and improving

technologies. These changes include image resolution,

horizontal accuracy, coverage area, and number of bands.

In general, flying seasons are established by FSA and are

targeted for peak crop growing conditions. The NAIP

acquisition cycle is based on a minimum 3 year refresh of base

ortho imagery. The tiling format of the NAIP imagery is based

on a 3.75' x 3.75' quarter quadrangle with a 300 pixel buffer

on all four sides. NAIP quarter quads are formatted to the UTM

coordinate system using the North American Datum of 1983.

NAIP imagery may contain as much as 10% cloud cover per tile.

Original contact information:

Contact Org: Aerial Photography Field Office (APFO)

Phone: 801-844-2922



NAIP imagery is available for distribution within 60 days

of the end of a flying season and is intended to provide current

information of agricultural conditions in support of USDA farm

programs. For USDA Farm Service Agency, the 1 meter and 1/2 meter

GSD product provides an ortho image base for Common Land Unit

boundaries and other data sets. The 1 meter and 1/2 meter NAIP

imagery is generally acquired in projects covering full states in

cooperation with state government and other federal agencies that

use the imagery for a variety of purposes including land use

planning and natural resource assessment. The NAIP is also used

for disaster response. While suitable for a variety of uses,

prior to 2007 the 2 meter GSD NAIP imagery was primarily intended

to assess "crop condition and compliance" to USDA farm program

conditions. The 2 meter imagery was generally acquired only

for agricultural areas within state projects.




Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
ISO 19115 Topic Category
NOS Data Explorer Topic Category Remotely Sensed Imagery/Photography
None Aerial Compliance
None Compliance
None Digital Ortho rectified Image
None farming
None Ortho Rectification
None Quarter Quadrangle

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Geographic Names Information System 06073
Geographic Names Information System 3211731
Geographic Names Information System CA
Geographic Names Information System CA073
Geographic Names Information System IMPERIAL BEACH OE W
Geographic Names Information System IMPERIAL BEACH OE W, SE
Geographic Names Information System San Diego
Geographic Names Information System SAN DIEGO CO CA FSA

Physical Location

Organization: Office for Coastal Management
City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: Irregular
Data Presentation Form: Image (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

32-bit pixels, 4 band color(RGBIR) values 0 - 255

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:


Distribution Liability:

In no event shall the creators, custodians, or distributors

of this information be liable for any damages arising out

of its use (or the inability to use it).

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 665391
Date Effective From: 2012-01-12
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202


CC ID: 665393
Date Effective From: 2012-01-12
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 665394
Date Effective From: 2012-01-12
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202

Point of Contact

CC ID: 665392
Date Effective From: 2012-01-12
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202


Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 665397
W° Bound: -117.2
E° Bound: -116.802
N° Bound: 32.634
S° Bound: 32.492

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 665396
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 2010-05-03

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Grid: Yes

Grid Representation 1

CC ID: 665383
Dimension Count: 2
Cell Geometry: Point
Transformation Parameters Available?: No

Axis Dimension 1

Dimension Type: Row
Size: 1

Axis Dimension 2

Dimension Type: Column
Size: 1

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:

There are no limitations for access.

Data Use Constraints:

None. The USDA-FSA Aerial Photography Field office

asks to be credited in derived products.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 665398
Download URL:

Downloadable Data

File Type: GeoTIFF

Distribution 2

CC ID: 739888
Download URL:
File Name: Customized Download

Create custom data files by choosing area, map projection, file format, etc.

Distribution 3

CC ID: 739889
Download URL:
File Name: Bulk Download

Simple download of data files.



CC ID: 739891
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 665417
Activity Date/Time: 2016-06-07

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 665416
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-14

Converted from Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using '' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 718035
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 739890
Activity Date/Time: 2018-03-13

Partial upload to move data access links to Distribution Info.

Technical Environment



Data Quality

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

NAIP horizontal accuracy specifications have evolved over

the life of the program. From 2003 to 2004 the

specifications were as follows: 1-meter GSD imagery was

to match within 3-meters, and 2-meter GSD to match within 10

meters of reference imagery. For 2005 the 1-meter GSD

specification was changed to 5 meters matching the reference

imagery. In 2006 a pilot project was performed using true

ground specifications rather than reference imagery. All

states used the same specifications as 2005 except Utah,

which required a match of +/- 6 meters to true ground.

In 2007 all specifications were the same as 2006 except

Arizona used true ground specifications and all other states

used reference imagery. In 2008 and subsequent years

no 2-meter GSD imagery was acquired and all specifications

were the same as 2007 except approximately half of the

states acquired used true ground specifications and the

other half used reference imagery. The 2008 states that

used absolute ground control where; Indiana, Minnesota,

New Hampshire, North Carolina, Texas, Vermont, and Virginia.

From 2009 to present all NAIP imagery acquisitions used

the +/- 6 meters to ground specification.

Completeness Report:


Conceptual Consistency:

NAIP 3.75 minute tile file names are based

on the USGS quadrangle naming convention.




CC ID: 665380
Contact Name: USDA-FSA-APFO Aerial Photography Field Office
Publish Date: 2012-01-12
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2010-05-03
Source Contribution:

Digital Georectifed Image. | Source Geospatial Form: remote-sensing image | Type of Source Media: UnKnown

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 665381

Aerial photography acquired from April 24, 2010 until

September 30, 2010. Aerial photography was acquired

using a frame based digital camera (UltraCamD (UCD),

UltraCamX (UCX), or DMC), therefore no scanning conversion

from film to digital was needed. Geometric and radiometric

calibration for each one of the camera heads is determined

in the manufacturing laboratory. This step is also

known as geometric and radiometric calibration of a

single camera head and done when the sensor is being

manufactured. The 4 multispectral heads collect 4

separated bands: Red, Green, Blue and Near Infrared

wavelength. Both the UltraCam and DMC sensors collect

12bit data. The UCD sensor CCD pixel size is 9 micron

with a footprint of 7500 pixels in the long track, and

11500 pixels in the cross track. The UCX sensor CCD pixel

size is 7.2 micron with a footprint of 9420 pixels in the

long track, and 14430 pixels in the cross track. The

DMC sensor CCD pixel size is 12 micron with a footprint

of 7680 pixels in the long track, and 13824 pixels in

the cross track. Twin Engine Navajo and Malibu, Turbo

Commander and Cessna 320 and Cessna Conquest aircraft

were used, flying at average flight height of 6,500

to 8,500 meters above ground, allowing image acquisition

of 0.40 to 0.67 meters Ground Sample Distance. An INS -

Inertial Navigation System, with AGPS (Airborne GPS) and

IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit) was utilized for all

aerial missions. The INS allows for accurate photo-center

registration and image orientation. For inspection and

verification of accuracy of the exterior orientation

computed with the Inertial Navigation System, stereo

compilation was performed for every flight mission and

its result compared against higher accuracy source data.

If a test of positional accuracy failed (> 5 meters) a

full analytical triangulation is processed for that

mission, assuring accurate horizontal positioning.

USGS seamless NED data was used as a surface for

ortho-rectification. Sanborn used proprietary software

called METRO to rectify the scanned images. Rectification

was done using cubic convolution resampling. Color

balancing was then performed on each exposure. Sanborns

software tonally balanced each exposure to alleviate the

effects of hotspots, side-to-side shading within an

exposure, and tonal differences between flightlines

due to dissimilar conditions at the time of capture.

Each exposure was then balanced to predefined target

values used throughout the project, creating a dataset

consistent and uniform in radiometry. Seams between

exposures were determined by Sanborns software to use

the best exposure based on proximity to nadir and ground

angle to the camera. Delivery tiles were then extracted

from Sanborns seamlessimagery database, named to meet the

DOQQ and/or DOQ naming convention, and formatted as defined

in the task order. Horizontal accuracy was once again tested

for 6-meter absolute accuracy. If necessary, a new

aerotriangulation adjustment would be performed for the

affected flight mission and new set of doqqs produced.

Quality control was performed on a sampling of each

deliverable to ensure no artifacts or anomalies were

present in the imagery. Satellite imagery was also

used to supplement aerial imagery to complete up to 12

DOQQ tiles for which suitable airborne imagery was

unavailable. The supplemental satellite imager was

acquired using GeoEye-1. GeoEye-1 scenes were acquired

from GeoEye. Sensor model and orientations were supplied.

The raw data has a sub-meter pixel resolution and provided

in 4 bands: Red, Green, Blue and Near Infrared wavelength.

USGS seamless 2009 NED (National Elevation Data) was used

as surface for ortho-rectification. Sanborn utilized

commercial software called OrthoPRO, form Z/I Intergraph,

to ortho-rectify the digital satellite images. The rectified

images were then integrated into Sanborn proprietary

software called METRO. The final production processes

then followed the same procedures as describe

Process Date/Time: 2012-01-12 00:00:00

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 49487
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:49487
Metadata Record Created By: Anne Ball
Metadata Record Created: 2017-11-15 15:15+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2023-05-30 18:09+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-03-13
Owner Org: OCMP
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2018-03-13
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-03-13