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Short Citation:
OCM Partners, 2024: NAIP Digital Ortho Photo Image,

Item Identification

Title: NAIP Digital Ortho Photo Image
Short Name: 2011_de_nerr
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2011-08-26

This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture

Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by

USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA

strategic goals centered on agricultural production.

These are, increase stewardship of America's natural resources

while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities

are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to

increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by

acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected

during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP

ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a

fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation

programs. Ortho imagery provides an effective, intuitive

means of communication about farm program administration

between FSA and stakeholders.

New technology and innovation is identified by fostering and

maintaining a relationship with vendors and government

partners, and by keeping pace with the broader geospatial

community. As a result of these efforts the NAIP program

provides three main products: DOQQ tiles,

Compressed County Mosaics (CCM), and Seamline shape files

The Contract specifications for NAIP imagery have changed

over time reflecting agency requirements and improving

technologies. These changes include image resolution,

horizontal accuracy, coverage area, and number of bands.

In general, flying seasons are established by FSA and are

targeted for peak crop growing conditions. The NAIP

acquisition cycle is based on a minimum 3 year refresh of base

ortho imagery. The tiling format of the NAIP imagery is based

on a 3.75' x 3.75' quarter quadrangle with a 300 pixel buffer

on all four sides. NAIP quarter quads are formatted to the UTM

coordinate system using the North American Datum of 1983.

NAIP imagery may contain as much as 10% cloud cover per tile.

Original contact information:

Contact Org: Aerial Photography Field Office (APFO)

Phone: 801-844-2922



NAIP imagery is available for distribution within 60 days

of the end of a flying season and is intended to provide current

information of agricultural conditions in support of USDA farm

programs. For USDA Farm Service Agency, the 1 meter and 1/2 meter

GSD product provides an ortho image base for Common Land Unit

boundaries and other data sets. The 1 meter and 1/2 meter NAIP

imagery is generally acquired in projects covering full states in

cooperation with state government and other federal agencies that

use the imagery for a variety of purposes including land use

planning and natural resource assessment. The NAIP is also used

for disaster response. While suitable for a variety of uses,

prior to 2007 the 2 meter GSD NAIP imagery was primarily intended

to assess "crop condition and compliance" to USDA farm program

conditions. The 2 meter imagery was generally acquired only

for agricultural areas within state projects.




Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
ISO 19115 Topic Category
NOS Data Explorer Topic Category Remotely Sensed Imagery/Photography
None Aerial Compliance
None Compliance
None Digital Ortho rectified Image
None farming
None Ortho Rectification
None Quarter Quadrangle

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Geographic Names Information System 10003
Geographic Names Information System 3907536
Geographic Names Information System DE
Geographic Names Information System DE003
Geographic Names Information System New Castle
Geographic Names Information System NEW CASTLE CO DE FSA
Geographic Names Information System TAYLORS BRIDGE
Geographic Names Information System TAYLORS BRIDGE, NW

Physical Location

Organization: Office for Coastal Management
City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: Irregular
Data Presentation Form: Image (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

32-bit pixels, 4 band color(RGBIR) values 0 - 255

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:


Distribution Liability:

In no event shall the creators, custodians, or distributors

of this information be liable for any damages arising out

of its use (or the inability to use it).

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 665545
Date Effective From: 2011-08-26
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202


CC ID: 665547
Date Effective From: 2011-08-26
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 665548
Date Effective From: 2011-08-26
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202

Point of Contact

CC ID: 665546
Date Effective From: 2011-08-26
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202


Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 1307101
W° Bound: -75.767
E° Bound: -75.364
N° Bound: 39.512
S° Bound: 38.987

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 1307100
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 2011-06-02

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Grid: Yes

Grid Representation 1

CC ID: 665537
Dimension Count: 2
Cell Geometry: Point
Transformation Parameters Available?: No

Axis Dimension 1

Dimension Type: Row
Size: 1

Axis Dimension 2

Dimension Type: Column
Size: 1

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:

There are no limitations for access.

Data Use Constraints:

None. The USDA-FSA Aerial Photography Field office

asks to be credited in derived products.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 665552
Download URL:

Downloadable Data

File Type (Deprecated): GeoTIFF
Distribution Format: GeoTIFF

Distribution 2

CC ID: 739906
Download URL:
File Name: Customized Download

Create custom data files by choosing area, map projection, file format, etc.

Distribution 3

CC ID: 739907
Download URL:
File Name: Bulk Download

Simple download of data files.



CC ID: 739909
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 665571
Activity Date/Time: 2016-06-07

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 665570
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-14

Converted from Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using '' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Activity Log 3

CC ID: 718040
Activity Date/Time: 2018-02-08

Partial upload of Positional Accuracy fields only.

Activity Log 4

CC ID: 739908
Activity Date/Time: 2018-03-13

Partial upload to move data access links to Distribution Info.

Technical Environment



Data Quality

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

NAIP horizontal accuracy specifications have evolved over

the life of the program. From 2003 to 2004 the

specifications were as follows: 1-meter GSD imagery was

to match within 3-meters, and 2-meter GSD to match within 10

meters of reference imagery. For 2005 the 1-meter GSD

specification was changed to 5 meters matching the reference

imagery. In 2006 a pilot project was performed using true

ground specifications rather than reference imagery. All

states used the same specifications as 2005 except Utah,

which required a match of +/- 6 meters to true ground.

In 2007 all specifications were the same as 2006 except

Arizona used true ground specifications and all other states

used reference imagery. In 2008 and subsequent years

no 2-meter GSD imagery was acquired and all specifications

were the same as 2007 except approximately half of the

states acquired used true ground specifications and the

other half used reference imagery. The 2008 states that

used absolute ground control where; Indiana, Minnesota,

New Hampshire, North Carolina, Texas, Vermont, and Virginia.

From 2009 to present all NAIP imagery acquisitions used

the +/- 6 meters to ground specification.

Completeness Report:


Conceptual Consistency:

NAIP 3.75 minute tile file names are based

on the USGS quadrangle naming convention.




CC ID: 1307095
Publish Date: 2011-08-26
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2011-06-02
Source Contribution:

Digital Georectifed Image. | Source Geospatial Form: remote-sensing image | Type of Source Media: UnKnown

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 1307096

Digital frames captured with a ZI Intergraph DMC with a

footprint of 7680 x 13824 pixels were used to create Digital

Orthophoto Quarter Quadrangles. DMC Serial Numbers 033 and

126 installed in a Gulfstream 840 Commander and Rockwell 690B

Turbo Commander; N167R and N690LN were used to fly this area.

Calibration reports are on file with the USDA. There are four

camera heads which correspond to the bands captured. Their

general spectral ranges are Blue: 400nm-580nm;

Green: 500nm-650nm; Red: 590nm-675nm; and

NIR: 675nm-850nm. 12 micron frames were captured at eight bits

with 2.5 - 2.7 foot pixel using Windows Server 2003;

ZI Mission Planning 6.2; Intergraph GeoMedia 6.0; DMC Image

Analyst 6.2; DMC Post Processing 6.1; ZI Image Viewer 6.1;

Microsoft Access; Microsoft Excel; Delorme XMap 4.5 and Adobe

PhotoShop. Flights ASL was 28,900 feet. The state was flown in

blocks for efficiency of capture and in order to accommodate

the different elevations throughout the state. The camera

firmware version is 2.1. Flight planning software includes

Delorme 4.5; Delorme Photo Flight 2.1.6; ZI Inflight

V06.01.20.16; ZI ImageView V06.01.20.16 ; ArcView 3.2;

Microsoft Access; and POSAV 2.1. Ground control points were

collected by Photo Science crews. External Orientation files

created from ABGPS data in Applanix POSPac MMS Version 5.2

and are rectified using ImageStation Project Manager 5.2;

Intergraph GeoMedia 6.0; and Intergraph OrthoPro 5.2.

Extensive Quality Control checks are performed on the data

throughout the production process. Processed RAW Frames are

checked for spectral compliance. Rectified frames are checked

for spatial accuracy and also spectral compliance. DOQQs are

thoroughly checked for spectral and spatial accuracy in Iras/C

and Adobe PhotoShop. CCMs are checked for overall spectral

compliance and spatial accuracy in ArcGIS. Seamline shapefiles

are checked for gaps, slivers, overlaps and multipart features

by building a topology in ArcGIS. Ground control points are

read off of rectified frames as a double-check and final DOQQs

are used to calculate RMSE values in MicroStation and Excel.

Frames are rectified with 10 meter NEDs in Intergraph OrthoPro.

This surface is checked for errors at the mosaicked DOQQ level.

If any areas presented problems, they are noted in a Digital

Elevation Model Errors ASCII text file.

Process Date/Time: 2011-08-26 00:00:00

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 49492
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:49492
Metadata Record Created By: Anne Ball
Metadata Record Created: 2017-11-15 15:15+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Kirk Waters
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2024-01-11 12:03+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2024-01-11
Owner Org: OCMP
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2018-03-13
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-03-13