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Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2022: Socioeconomic context for fisher-shark interactions in the Marianas, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/65617.

Item Identification

Title: Socioeconomic context for fisher-shark interactions in the Marianas
Status: Completed
Creation Date: 2019
Publication Date: 2021
Abstract:

This dataset includes qualitative interview data aggregated and entered into an excel csv file. We collected data primarily during two trips to Guam and the CNMI in September and November of 2019. Initial points of contact were identified through conversations with WPRFMC staff, and Guam and CNMI agencies and fishers with representation at WPRFMC meetings. These conversations aided the development of our interview guide and provided referrals to additional participants (as per the snowball sampling method). More than 100 fishers, managers, and researchers across Guam and the CNMI’s Saipan, Tinian, and Rota were engaged through semi-structured interviews, fisher-organized meetings, and unstructured discussions in the field. We also conducted participant observations at multi-stakeholder meetings in Honolulu, Guam, and Saipan hosted by the WPRFMC and its Advisory Panels (AP) whenever possible. Data from interviews and participant observations were coded to track themes that emerged from the data. The coding scheme closely followed that of human dimensions research on fisher-shark interactions in the West Hawai'i region (Iwane 2019). This resulted in umbrella themes that housed participant commentary on dimensions of the fisher-shark interaction problem and its potential solutions. Other themes included participants’ descriptions of sharks and shark interactions, perceptions of fisheries management and stakeholder engagement, and descriptions of power dynamics and knowledge types in fisheries. Finally, coding captured important contextual information about Marianas’ fishing practices, cultures, economies, and participants’ identities and fishing motives, which cannot be separated from participants’ experiences in the Guam and CNMI communities.

Purpose:

These data document Guam and CNMI fishers', managers', and researchers' perceptions and observations of sharks and fisher-shark interactions through time. They also document these stakeholders' perceptions of both on-the-water and socioeconomic contextual considerations that frame and problematize fisher-shark interactions, and different potential solutions to such problems.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > AQUATIC SCIENCES > FISHERIES
UNCONTROLLED
None CNMI
None conditioning
None depredation
None fisheries management
None Guam
None human dimensions
None Mariana Archipelago
None power dynamics
None qualitative methods
None shark abundance
None shark behavior
None small-boat fisheries
None socioeconomics
None stakeholder conflict
None stakeholder knowledge

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA
Location Description:

Main Hawaiian Islands

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: CSV Files
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

This dataset includes qualitative interview data aggregated and entered into an excel csv file.

Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 1091250
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Iwane, Mia
Email Address: mia.iwane@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 1091251
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: pifsc.info@noaa.gov
Phone: 808-725-5360
URL: https://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
Contact Instructions:

email or phone: 808-725-5399

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 1091252
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Iwane, Mia
Email Address: mia.iwane@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 1091253
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Iwane, Mia
Email Address: mia.iwane@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 1091261
Description

Mariana Archipelago

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 1091260
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2019
End: 2020
Description:

Data were collected between September and November of 2019, with a feedback period from research participants in May of 2020.

Access Information

Security Class: Sensitive
Data Access Policy:

contact Point of Contact or Data Steward

Data Access Procedure:

contact Point of Contact or Data Steward

Data Access Constraints:

contact Point of Contact or Data Steward

Data Use Constraints:

contact Point of Contact or Data Steward

Data Quality

Representativeness:

We collected data primarily during two trips to Guam and the CNMI in September and November of 2019. Initial points of contact were identified through conversations with WPRFMC staff, and Guam and CNMI agencies and fishers with representation at WPRFMC meetings. The latter included the Guam Department of Agriculture, CNMI Department of Fish and Wildlife, Micronesian Environmental Services, and fishers participating in the WPRFMC Advisory Panels (AP). These conversations also aided the development of our interview guide (see Appendix). Initial points of contact served as our first participants and provided referrals to additional participants. This referral process is typical of the snowball sampling method. More than 100 individuals across Guam and the CNMI’s Saipan, Tinian, and Rota were engaged through semi-structured interviews, fisher-organized meetings, and unstructured discussions in the field . Engaged individuals represented experiences from the fishing, research, and management communities in Guam and the CNMI. But, among stakeholders, Marianas’ fishing community had the great representation, and included a few individuals with experience as fish vendors. In Guam, data were collected through group discussion at a public meeting hosted by the Guam Fishermen’s Cooperative Association, and conversations with boat fishers returning from or departing for fishing trips at Hagåtña Boat Basin. In the CNMI, data were collected through group discussions at three fisher-organized meetings, one on each island, and through conversations with Saipan commercial fishers and their vendors in the field.

Accuracy:

The data represent the opinions and beliefs of the participants of these interviews.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: Yes
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: To Be Determined
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

Data are currently stored on secured network drives at PIFSC, maintained by PIFSC IT services

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

This dataset includes qualitative interview data aggregated and entered into an excel csv file. We conducted semi-structured interviews and participant observation during fisher- and Council-organized meetings in September and November of 2019 with more than 100 fishers, managers, and researchers across Guam and the CNMI’s Saipan, Tinian, and Rota. We used a mixture of key informant, purposive, and snowball sampling. Interviews were conducted in the English, the primary language of all interviewees.

Interview transcripts were thematically coded in NVivo using a coding scheme similar to that of human dimensions research on fisher-shark interactions in the West Hawai'i region (Iwane 2019).

Sources

Socioeconomic context for fisher-shark interactions in the Marianas

CC ID: 1119983
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: Mia Iwane
Publish Date: 2020-12-01
Citation URL: https://repository.library.noaa.gov/view/noaa/27821
Citation URL Name: NOAA Repository

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 1091258
Description:

Data were coded into a coding structure that has 16 umbrella nodes, with up to four generations of child nodes.

Process Contact: Iwane, Mia
Email Address: mia.iwane@noaa.gov

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity Major themes from Marianas fisher-shark interaction interviews

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 65617
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:65617
Metadata Record Created By: Mia Iwane
Metadata Record Created: 2021-10-18 19:51+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-10-20 02:17+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2022-01-05
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2022-01-05
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2023-01-05