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Summary
Item Identification
Entity Info
Data Attributes
Catalog Details

Summary

Abstract

Raw interview data were organized into a codebook containing 16 umbrella nodes (or thematic categories), with each umbrella node associated with up to four generations of child nodes. Each node captured different topics discussed in interviews, or meaningful themes that emerged from the dataset. This table contains the names and descriptions of the codebook's 16 umbrella nodes and their first generation child nodes, where applicable.

Description

Raw interview data were organized into a codebook containing 16 umbrella nodes (or thematic categories), with each umbrella node associated with up to four generations of child nodes. Each node captured different topics discussed in interviews, or meaningful themes that emerged from the dataset. This table contains the names and descriptions of the codebook's 16 umbrella nodes and their first generation child nodes, where applicable.

Entity Information

Entity Type
Data Table

Data Attribute / Type Description
01_Problem_definition
CHARACTER
Descriptions of different problems and problem framings related to sharks.
01A_Dispute
CHARACTER
Stakeholder problem framings directly related to sharks, including the impacts of fisher-shark interactions to fisheries and regulatory and management considerations.
01B_Deeper_conflict
CHARACTER
Problem framings indirectly related to sharks that emerged from shark-related discussions, including those related to social, political, and economic context.
02_Solution_development
CHARACTER
Descriptions of different solutions and solution framings related to sharks.
02A_Substance
CHARACTER
Stakeholder solutions directly related to sharks, including strategies to mitigate the impacts of shark interactions or control shark populations directly.
02B_Process_and_Relationships
CHARACTER
Solution discussions focused on HOW outcomes would be achieved, for example with a focus on relationships or collaborative research processes.
02C_Metrics_of_succes
CHARACTER
Discussions of metrics that would indicate shark-related problems were resolved, or indicate some other outcome satisfying to stakeholders.
02D_Feasibility
CHARACTER
Commentary on the feasibility of different solution approaches.
10_Fishing_in_the_Marianas
CHARACTER
Descriptions of fishing and fishing culture in the Marianas.
10A_Region
CHARACTER
A tracking node for the various areas within and outside the Marianas that came up in interviews. Within-Marianas areas included islands, ports, and points of interest within Guam and the CNMI.
10B_Fishing_location
CHARACTER
A tracking node for the various fishing areas that came up in interviews, including banks, offshore reefs, and northern islands.
10C_Fishing_practices
CHARACTER
Descriptions of fishing practices in the Marianas, including fishing methods, crew, processing methods, target species, trip length, and time of day.
10D_Fishing_materials
CHARACTER
Descriptions of fishing materials used in the Marianas, including vessel size and gear.
10E_Through_time
CHARACTER
Descriptions of change in Marianas fisheries through time, including environmental, ecological, economic, and fisher behavior changes.
10F_Participation
CHARACTER
Descriptions of participation in Marianas fisheries, including commentary on increasing or decreasing participation trends.
10G_Infrastructure
CHARACTER
References to fisheries infrastructure, includign Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) and marinas.
10H_Competition
CHARACTER
Descriptions of competitive dynamics within Marianas fisheries.
10I_Cooperation
CHARACTER
Descriptions of cooperative dynamics within Marianas fisheries.
10J_Shifting_baselines
CHARACTER
References to potential differences in the way that fishers with more or less experience perceive ecological health and change (e.g., those with fishing experience dating back further in time describe greater declines in fish abundance).
11_Economic_context
CHARACTER
Descriptions of the economic context surrounding Marianas fisheries.
11A_Costs
CHARACTER
References to the cost of fishing (e.g., materials) in the Marianas, including increasing costs throught time and a lack of market competition for fishing supplies.
11B_Demand
CHARACTER
References to demand for fisheries products, including market and subsistence values for target reef and pelagic species and sharks.
11C_Financial_security
CHARACTER
References to strategies fishers apply in an effort to maintain financial security or a lack of financial security associated with fishing lifestyles associated with a lack of governmental support for fishers.
11D_Food_security
CHARACTER
References to the contribution of fishing to local food security, or fishing restrictions as a threat to local food security.
11E_Migration_drivers
CHARACTER
References to drivers of human migration to and from the Marianas from other Pacific islands.
11F_Sale_distribution
CHARACTER
Descriptions of the mechanisms that facilitate the sale of locally caught seafood products, and different types of recipients/buyers.
11G_Secondhand_fishing
CHARACTER
Descriptions of people maintaining their role as a fisher or relationship to the seafood by relying on the fish provided by other community members, sometimes in an effort to avoid fishing expenses and financial risk.
11H_Supply
CHARACTER
References to the supply of fisheries products and fishing gear, including imported versus local product and market flooding.
12_Cultural_context
CHARACTER
Descriptions of cultural context for fisheries in the Marianas, including values that center on community, sustainability, and not wasting resources.
20_Identity
CHARACTER
Descriptions of various facets of research participant identities.
20A_Demographics
CHARACTER
References to research participant/fisher demographic variables, including age, frequency of fishing activity, occupation, years of fishing experience, gender, ethnicity, and place of origin.
20B_Fishing_identities
CHARACTER
Descriptions of the type of fishing a fisher might identify with, with respect to the scale, frequency, or commercialization of their fishing (e.g., commercial, non-commercial, charter, weekend warrior, provider of fish, steward, etc.).
20C_Personality_traits
CHARACTER
References to personality traits exhibited by or described by research participants.
21_Motivation
CHARACTER
Descriptions of the various reasons for fishing activities and behaviors.
21A_Fishing_motivation
CHARACTER
Descriptions of the various reasons why people fish, including food, money, pleasure, or sharing fish.
23_Human_well_being
CHARACTER
References different aspects of human well-being, mostly physical (e.g., safety and health consierations).
30_Info_sharing_practices
CHARACTER
Descriptions of different types of information shared and mechanisms for sharing.
30A_Guarding_info
CHARACTER
References to people guarding (more often not actively publicizing) fishing information, including gear preferences and location.
30B_Methods_and_sources
CHARACTER
Descriptions of different sources of information and methods of information sharing, including interpersonal relationships, social media, and videos/photos.
30C_Types_of_info
CHARACTER
Types of information shared between stakeholders/fishers, especially shark-related information given the focus of this study.
40_Sharks
CHARACTER
References to sharks and shark interactions.
40A_Species
CHARACTER
References to different species of reef and pelagic shark species.
40B_Abundance
CHARACTER
Perceptions of shark abundance (e.g., high, low) and trends through time (e.g., unchanging, decreasing, increasing).
40C_Behavior
CHARACTER
References to shark behavior, primarily around fishing activity (e.g., conditioning).
40D_Size
CHARACTER
References to the size of sharks.
40E_Changes_through_time
CHARACTER
References to changes in shark behavior and interactions through time, including relevant time frames.
40F_Interaction_characteristics
CHARACTER
References to various things that characterize any given fisher-shark interaction, including the type of species depredated, depth of interaction, interaction frequency, and timing relative to fishing cues (e.g., arrival to site).
40G_Interaction_factors
CHARACTER
References to factors perceived to influence the likelihood of a shark interaction, including location, depth, intensity of fishing effort in a given area, season, and target species abundance.
40H_Decision_making
CHARACTER
Descriptions of the decision-making processes fishers undergo upon encountering a shark, including factors affecting their decision-making process, goals of actions taken, and potential actions (e.g., moving, gear modification, boat maneuvers, etc.).
40I_Sharks_as
CHARACTER
Descriptions of various perceptions and concepts of what a shark means to society, to them, and to their fishing opportunities.
40J_Other_sharks
CHARACTER
References to other types of marine life encountered during fishing that occupy similar roles as sharks (e.g., in their impact to fishing activity).
40K_Sex
CHARACTER
References to the sex of sharks.
40L_Sharks_on_the_brain
CHARACTER
References to sharks as a prominent thought in the minds of fishers.
50_Management
CHARACTER
Descriptions of various facets of fisheries management.
50A_Enforcement
CHARACTER
References to enforces around fisheries management.
50B_Monitoring
CHARACTER
References to fisheries monitoring efforts.
50C_Perceptions_of
CHARACTER
Perceptions of the equity, legitimacy, or necessity of fisheries management.
50D_Reporting
CHARACTER
References to fisheries data reporting from community members.
50E_Self_management
CHARACTER
References to self-managing principles and practices of fishers.
50F_Tools
CHARACTER
References to various management tools, including shark finning bans or protections, marine reserves, and gear restrictions.
51_Fisher_engagement
CHARACTER
References to stakeholder engagement.
51A_Motivators
CHARACTER
Descriptions of factors motivating fisher participation in stakeholder engagement, including supporting fishing or having the opportunity to express voices.
51B_Deterrents
CHARACTER
Descriptions of factors deterring fisher participation in stakeholder engagement, including mistrust, fear of engagement resulting in negative outcomes, or a scarcity of outcomes relative to the level of effort put in.
51C_Examples
CHARACTER
References to different stakeholder engagement forums, including cooperative research efforts, Council-hosted meetings, and creel survey efforts.
51D_Strategies
CHARACTER
References to helpful engagement strategies, including those related to communication, convenience, and transparency.
52_Power_dynamics
CHARACTER
Descriptions of political and power dynamics relevant to fisheries and shark interactions.
52A_Forms_of_power
CHARACTER
Types of power referenced by research participants, including influence in fisheries management and research, livelihood security or financial capital, and access to data.
52B_Shifting_blame_and_seeking_aid
CHARACTER
Examples of individuals or groups shifting alliances or redirecting blame depending on the situation.
52C_Stakeholder_groups
CHARACTER
A tracking node for the various stakeholders referenced during data collection, including fishers, fish buyers, managers, scientists, governmental entities, and environmentalists.
53_Knowledge_types
CHARACTER
Types of knowledge wielded by different stakeholders, including experiential, formal, inherited, and cultural.
81_Stories
CHARACTER
A tracking node for illustratie stories.
82_Quotes_and_Key_points
CHARACTER
A tracking node for illustrative quotes and key points.

Child Items

No Child Items for this record.

Contact Information

No contact information is available for this record.

Please contact the owner organization (PIFSC) for inquiries on this record.

Item Identification

Title: Major themes from Marianas fisher-shark interaction interviews
Short Name: Major themes from Marianas fisher-shark interaction interviews
Status: Completed
Abstract:

Raw interview data were organized into a codebook containing 16 umbrella nodes (or thematic categories), with each umbrella node associated with up to four generations of child nodes. Each node captured different topics discussed in interviews, or meaningful themes that emerged from the dataset. This table contains the names and descriptions of the codebook's 16 umbrella nodes and their first generation child nodes, where applicable.

Entity Information

Entity Type: Data Table
Active Version?: Yes
Description:

Raw interview data were organized into a codebook containing 16 umbrella nodes (or thematic categories), with each umbrella node associated with up to four generations of child nodes. Each node captured different topics discussed in interviews, or meaningful themes that emerged from the dataset. This table contains the names and descriptions of the codebook's 16 umbrella nodes and their first generation child nodes, where applicable.

Data Attributes

Attribute Summary

Rubric Score Primary Key? Name Type Description
100
01_Problem_definition CHARACTER Descriptions of different problems and problem framings related to sharks.
100
01A_Dispute CHARACTER Stakeholder problem framings directly related to sharks, including the impacts of fisher-shark interactions to fisheries and regulatory and management considerations.
100
01B_Deeper_conflict CHARACTER Problem framings indirectly related to sharks that emerged from shark-related discussions, including those related to social, political, and economic context.
100
02_Solution_development CHARACTER Descriptions of different solutions and solution framings related to sharks.
100
02A_Substance CHARACTER Stakeholder solutions directly related to sharks, including strategies to mitigate the impacts of shark interactions or control shark populations directly.
100
02B_Process_and_Relationships CHARACTER Solution discussions focused on HOW outcomes would be achieved, for example with a focus on relationships or collaborative research processes.
100
02C_Metrics_of_succes CHARACTER Discussions of metrics that would indicate shark-related problems were resolved, or indicate some other outcome satisfying to stakeholders.
100
02D_Feasibility CHARACTER Commentary on the feasibility of different solution approaches.
100
10_Fishing_in_the_Marianas CHARACTER Descriptions of fishing and fishing culture in the Marianas.
100
10A_Region CHARACTER A tracking node for the various areas within and outside the Marianas that came up in interviews. Within-Marianas areas included islands, ports, and points of interest within Guam and the CNMI.
100
10B_Fishing_location CHARACTER A tracking node for the various fishing areas that came up in interviews, including banks, offshore reefs, and northern islands.
100
10C_Fishing_practices CHARACTER Descriptions of fishing practices in the Marianas, including fishing methods, crew, processing methods, target species, trip length, and time of day.
100
10D_Fishing_materials CHARACTER Descriptions of fishing materials used in the Marianas, including vessel size and gear.
100
10E_Through_time CHARACTER Descriptions of change in Marianas fisheries through time, including environmental, ecological, economic, and fisher behavior changes.
100
10F_Participation CHARACTER Descriptions of participation in Marianas fisheries, including commentary on increasing or decreasing participation trends.
100
10G_Infrastructure CHARACTER References to fisheries infrastructure, includign Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) and marinas.
100
10H_Competition CHARACTER Descriptions of competitive dynamics within Marianas fisheries.
100
10I_Cooperation CHARACTER Descriptions of cooperative dynamics within Marianas fisheries.
100
10J_Shifting_baselines CHARACTER References to potential differences in the way that fishers with more or less experience perceive ecological health and change (e.g., those with fishing experience dating back further in time describe greater declines in fish abundance).
100
11_Economic_context CHARACTER Descriptions of the economic context surrounding Marianas fisheries.
100
11A_Costs CHARACTER References to the cost of fishing (e.g., materials) in the Marianas, including increasing costs throught time and a lack of market competition for fishing supplies.
100
11B_Demand CHARACTER References to demand for fisheries products, including market and subsistence values for target reef and pelagic species and sharks.
100
11C_Financial_security CHARACTER References to strategies fishers apply in an effort to maintain financial security or a lack of financial security associated with fishing lifestyles associated with a lack of governmental support for fishers.
100
11D_Food_security CHARACTER References to the contribution of fishing to local food security, or fishing restrictions as a threat to local food security.
100
11E_Migration_drivers CHARACTER References to drivers of human migration to and from the Marianas from other Pacific islands.
100
11F_Sale_distribution CHARACTER Descriptions of the mechanisms that facilitate the sale of locally caught seafood products, and different types of recipients/buyers.
100
11G_Secondhand_fishing CHARACTER Descriptions of people maintaining their role as a fisher or relationship to the seafood by relying on the fish provided by other community members, sometimes in an effort to avoid fishing expenses and financial risk.
100
11H_Supply CHARACTER References to the supply of fisheries products and fishing gear, including imported versus local product and market flooding.
100
12_Cultural_context CHARACTER Descriptions of cultural context for fisheries in the Marianas, including values that center on community, sustainability, and not wasting resources.
100
20_Identity CHARACTER Descriptions of various facets of research participant identities.
100
20A_Demographics CHARACTER References to research participant/fisher demographic variables, including age, frequency of fishing activity, occupation, years of fishing experience, gender, ethnicity, and place of origin.
100
20B_Fishing_identities CHARACTER Descriptions of the type of fishing a fisher might identify with, with respect to the scale, frequency, or commercialization of their fishing (e.g., commercial, non-commercial, charter, weekend warrior, provider of fish, steward, etc.).
100
20C_Personality_traits CHARACTER References to personality traits exhibited by or described by research participants.
100
21_Motivation CHARACTER Descriptions of the various reasons for fishing activities and behaviors.
100
21A_Fishing_motivation CHARACTER Descriptions of the various reasons why people fish, including food, money, pleasure, or sharing fish.
100
23_Human_well_being CHARACTER References different aspects of human well-being, mostly physical (e.g., safety and health consierations).
100
30_Info_sharing_practices CHARACTER Descriptions of different types of information shared and mechanisms for sharing.
100
30A_Guarding_info CHARACTER References to people guarding (more often not actively publicizing) fishing information, including gear preferences and location.
100
30B_Methods_and_sources CHARACTER Descriptions of different sources of information and methods of information sharing, including interpersonal relationships, social media, and videos/photos.
100
30C_Types_of_info CHARACTER Types of information shared between stakeholders/fishers, especially shark-related information given the focus of this study.
100
40_Sharks CHARACTER References to sharks and shark interactions.
100
40A_Species CHARACTER References to different species of reef and pelagic shark species.
100
40B_Abundance CHARACTER Perceptions of shark abundance (e.g., high, low) and trends through time (e.g., unchanging, decreasing, increasing).
100
40C_Behavior CHARACTER References to shark behavior, primarily around fishing activity (e.g., conditioning).
100
40D_Size CHARACTER References to the size of sharks.
100
40E_Changes_through_time CHARACTER References to changes in shark behavior and interactions through time, including relevant time frames.
100
40F_Interaction_characteristics CHARACTER References to various things that characterize any given fisher-shark interaction, including the type of species depredated, depth of interaction, interaction frequency, and timing relative to fishing cues (e.g., arrival to site).
100
40G_Interaction_factors CHARACTER References to factors perceived to influence the likelihood of a shark interaction, including location, depth, intensity of fishing effort in a given area, season, and target species abundance.
100
40H_Decision_making CHARACTER Descriptions of the decision-making processes fishers undergo upon encountering a shark, including factors affecting their decision-making process, goals of actions taken, and potential actions (e.g., moving, gear modification, boat maneuvers, etc.).
100
40I_Sharks_as CHARACTER Descriptions of various perceptions and concepts of what a shark means to society, to them, and to their fishing opportunities.
100
40J_Other_sharks CHARACTER References to other types of marine life encountered during fishing that occupy similar roles as sharks (e.g., in their impact to fishing activity).
100
40K_Sex CHARACTER References to the sex of sharks.
100
40L_Sharks_on_the_brain CHARACTER References to sharks as a prominent thought in the minds of fishers.
100
50_Management CHARACTER Descriptions of various facets of fisheries management.
100
50A_Enforcement CHARACTER References to enforces around fisheries management.
100
50B_Monitoring CHARACTER References to fisheries monitoring efforts.
100
50C_Perceptions_of CHARACTER Perceptions of the equity, legitimacy, or necessity of fisheries management.
100
50D_Reporting CHARACTER References to fisheries data reporting from community members.
100
50E_Self_management CHARACTER References to self-managing principles and practices of fishers.
100
50F_Tools CHARACTER References to various management tools, including shark finning bans or protections, marine reserves, and gear restrictions.
100
51_Fisher_engagement CHARACTER References to stakeholder engagement.
100
51A_Motivators CHARACTER Descriptions of factors motivating fisher participation in stakeholder engagement, including supporting fishing or having the opportunity to express voices.
100
51B_Deterrents CHARACTER Descriptions of factors deterring fisher participation in stakeholder engagement, including mistrust, fear of engagement resulting in negative outcomes, or a scarcity of outcomes relative to the level of effort put in.
100
51C_Examples CHARACTER References to different stakeholder engagement forums, including cooperative research efforts, Council-hosted meetings, and creel survey efforts.
100
51D_Strategies CHARACTER References to helpful engagement strategies, including those related to communication, convenience, and transparency.
100
52_Power_dynamics CHARACTER Descriptions of political and power dynamics relevant to fisheries and shark interactions.
100
52A_Forms_of_power CHARACTER Types of power referenced by research participants, including influence in fisheries management and research, livelihood security or financial capital, and access to data.
100
52B_Shifting_blame_and_seeking_aid CHARACTER Examples of individuals or groups shifting alliances or redirecting blame depending on the situation.
100
52C_Stakeholder_groups CHARACTER A tracking node for the various stakeholders referenced during data collection, including fishers, fish buyers, managers, scientists, governmental entities, and environmentalists.
100
53_Knowledge_types CHARACTER Types of knowledge wielded by different stakeholders, including experiential, formal, inherited, and cultural.
100
81_Stories CHARACTER A tracking node for illustratie stories.
100
82_Quotes_and_Key_points CHARACTER A tracking node for illustrative quotes and key points.

Attribute Details

01_Problem_definition

CC ID: 1119066
Seq. Order: 1
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of different problems and problem framings related to sharks.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

01A_Dispute

CC ID: 1119067
Seq. Order: 2
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Stakeholder problem framings directly related to sharks, including the impacts of fisher-shark interactions to fisheries and regulatory and management considerations.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

01B_Deeper_conflict

CC ID: 1119068
Seq. Order: 3
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Problem framings indirectly related to sharks that emerged from shark-related discussions, including those related to social, political, and economic context.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

02_Solution_development

CC ID: 1119069
Seq. Order: 4
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of different solutions and solution framings related to sharks.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

02A_Substance

CC ID: 1119070
Seq. Order: 5
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Stakeholder solutions directly related to sharks, including strategies to mitigate the impacts of shark interactions or control shark populations directly.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

02B_Process_and_Relationships

CC ID: 1119071
Seq. Order: 6
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Solution discussions focused on HOW outcomes would be achieved, for example with a focus on relationships or collaborative research processes.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

02C_Metrics_of_succes

CC ID: 1119072
Seq. Order: 7
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Discussions of metrics that would indicate shark-related problems were resolved, or indicate some other outcome satisfying to stakeholders.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

02D_Feasibility

CC ID: 1119073
Seq. Order: 8
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Commentary on the feasibility of different solution approaches.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

10_Fishing_in_the_Marianas

CC ID: 1119074
Seq. Order: 9
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of fishing and fishing culture in the Marianas.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

10A_Region

CC ID: 1119075
Seq. Order: 10
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

A tracking node for the various areas within and outside the Marianas that came up in interviews. Within-Marianas areas included islands, ports, and points of interest within Guam and the CNMI.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

10B_Fishing_location

CC ID: 1119076
Seq. Order: 11
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

A tracking node for the various fishing areas that came up in interviews, including banks, offshore reefs, and northern islands.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

10C_Fishing_practices

CC ID: 1119077
Seq. Order: 12
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of fishing practices in the Marianas, including fishing methods, crew, processing methods, target species, trip length, and time of day.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

10D_Fishing_materials

CC ID: 1119078
Seq. Order: 13
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of fishing materials used in the Marianas, including vessel size and gear.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

10E_Through_time

CC ID: 1119079
Seq. Order: 14
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of change in Marianas fisheries through time, including environmental, ecological, economic, and fisher behavior changes.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

10F_Participation

CC ID: 1119080
Seq. Order: 15
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of participation in Marianas fisheries, including commentary on increasing or decreasing participation trends.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

10G_Infrastructure

CC ID: 1119081
Seq. Order: 16
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to fisheries infrastructure, includign Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) and marinas.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

10H_Competition

CC ID: 1119082
Seq. Order: 17
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of competitive dynamics within Marianas fisheries.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

10I_Cooperation

CC ID: 1119083
Seq. Order: 18
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of cooperative dynamics within Marianas fisheries.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

10J_Shifting_baselines

CC ID: 1119084
Seq. Order: 19
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to potential differences in the way that fishers with more or less experience perceive ecological health and change (e.g., those with fishing experience dating back further in time describe greater declines in fish abundance).

General Data Type: CHARACTER

11_Economic_context

CC ID: 1119085
Seq. Order: 20
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of the economic context surrounding Marianas fisheries.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

11A_Costs

CC ID: 1119086
Seq. Order: 21
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to the cost of fishing (e.g., materials) in the Marianas, including increasing costs throught time and a lack of market competition for fishing supplies.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

11B_Demand

CC ID: 1119087
Seq. Order: 22
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to demand for fisheries products, including market and subsistence values for target reef and pelagic species and sharks.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

11C_Financial_security

CC ID: 1119088
Seq. Order: 23
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to strategies fishers apply in an effort to maintain financial security or a lack of financial security associated with fishing lifestyles associated with a lack of governmental support for fishers.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

11D_Food_security

CC ID: 1119089
Seq. Order: 24
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to the contribution of fishing to local food security, or fishing restrictions as a threat to local food security.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

11E_Migration_drivers

CC ID: 1119090
Seq. Order: 25
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to drivers of human migration to and from the Marianas from other Pacific islands.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

11F_Sale_distribution

CC ID: 1119091
Seq. Order: 26
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of the mechanisms that facilitate the sale of locally caught seafood products, and different types of recipients/buyers.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

11G_Secondhand_fishing

CC ID: 1119092
Seq. Order: 27
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of people maintaining their role as a fisher or relationship to the seafood by relying on the fish provided by other community members, sometimes in an effort to avoid fishing expenses and financial risk.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

11H_Supply

CC ID: 1119093
Seq. Order: 28
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to the supply of fisheries products and fishing gear, including imported versus local product and market flooding.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

12_Cultural_context

CC ID: 1119094
Seq. Order: 29
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of cultural context for fisheries in the Marianas, including values that center on community, sustainability, and not wasting resources.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

20_Identity

CC ID: 1119095
Seq. Order: 30
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of various facets of research participant identities.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

20A_Demographics

CC ID: 1119096
Seq. Order: 31
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to research participant/fisher demographic variables, including age, frequency of fishing activity, occupation, years of fishing experience, gender, ethnicity, and place of origin.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

20B_Fishing_identities

CC ID: 1119097
Seq. Order: 32
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of the type of fishing a fisher might identify with, with respect to the scale, frequency, or commercialization of their fishing (e.g., commercial, non-commercial, charter, weekend warrior, provider of fish, steward, etc.).

General Data Type: CHARACTER

20C_Personality_traits

CC ID: 1119098
Seq. Order: 33
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to personality traits exhibited by or described by research participants.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

21_Motivation

CC ID: 1119099
Seq. Order: 34
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of the various reasons for fishing activities and behaviors.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

21A_Fishing_motivation

CC ID: 1119100
Seq. Order: 35
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of the various reasons why people fish, including food, money, pleasure, or sharing fish.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

23_Human_well_being

CC ID: 1119101
Seq. Order: 36
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References different aspects of human well-being, mostly physical (e.g., safety and health consierations).

General Data Type: CHARACTER

30_Info_sharing_practices

CC ID: 1119102
Seq. Order: 37
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of different types of information shared and mechanisms for sharing.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

30A_Guarding_info

CC ID: 1119103
Seq. Order: 38
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to people guarding (more often not actively publicizing) fishing information, including gear preferences and location.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

30B_Methods_and_sources

CC ID: 1119104
Seq. Order: 39
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of different sources of information and methods of information sharing, including interpersonal relationships, social media, and videos/photos.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

30C_Types_of_info

CC ID: 1119105
Seq. Order: 40
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Types of information shared between stakeholders/fishers, especially shark-related information given the focus of this study.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40_Sharks

CC ID: 1119106
Seq. Order: 41
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to sharks and shark interactions.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40A_Species

CC ID: 1119107
Seq. Order: 42
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to different species of reef and pelagic shark species.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40B_Abundance

CC ID: 1119108
Seq. Order: 43
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Perceptions of shark abundance (e.g., high, low) and trends through time (e.g., unchanging, decreasing, increasing).

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40C_Behavior

CC ID: 1119109
Seq. Order: 44
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to shark behavior, primarily around fishing activity (e.g., conditioning).

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40D_Size

CC ID: 1119110
Seq. Order: 45
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to the size of sharks.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40E_Changes_through_time

CC ID: 1119111
Seq. Order: 46
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to changes in shark behavior and interactions through time, including relevant time frames.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40F_Interaction_characteristics

CC ID: 1119112
Seq. Order: 47
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to various things that characterize any given fisher-shark interaction, including the type of species depredated, depth of interaction, interaction frequency, and timing relative to fishing cues (e.g., arrival to site).

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40G_Interaction_factors

CC ID: 1119113
Seq. Order: 48
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to factors perceived to influence the likelihood of a shark interaction, including location, depth, intensity of fishing effort in a given area, season, and target species abundance.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40H_Decision_making

CC ID: 1119114
Seq. Order: 49
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of the decision-making processes fishers undergo upon encountering a shark, including factors affecting their decision-making process, goals of actions taken, and potential actions (e.g., moving, gear modification, boat maneuvers, etc.).

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40I_Sharks_as

CC ID: 1119115
Seq. Order: 50
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of various perceptions and concepts of what a shark means to society, to them, and to their fishing opportunities.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40J_Other_sharks

CC ID: 1119116
Seq. Order: 51
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to other types of marine life encountered during fishing that occupy similar roles as sharks (e.g., in their impact to fishing activity).

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40K_Sex

CC ID: 1119117
Seq. Order: 52
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to the sex of sharks.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

40L_Sharks_on_the_brain

CC ID: 1119118
Seq. Order: 53
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to sharks as a prominent thought in the minds of fishers.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

50_Management

CC ID: 1119119
Seq. Order: 54
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of various facets of fisheries management.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

50A_Enforcement

CC ID: 1119120
Seq. Order: 55
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to enforces around fisheries management.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

50B_Monitoring

CC ID: 1119121
Seq. Order: 56
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to fisheries monitoring efforts.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

50C_Perceptions_of

CC ID: 1119122
Seq. Order: 57
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Perceptions of the equity, legitimacy, or necessity of fisheries management.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

50D_Reporting

CC ID: 1119123
Seq. Order: 58
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to fisheries data reporting from community members.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

50E_Self_management

CC ID: 1119124
Seq. Order: 59
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to self-managing principles and practices of fishers.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

50F_Tools

CC ID: 1119125
Seq. Order: 60
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to various management tools, including shark finning bans or protections, marine reserves, and gear restrictions.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

51_Fisher_engagement

CC ID: 1119126
Seq. Order: 61
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to stakeholder engagement.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

51A_Motivators

CC ID: 1119127
Seq. Order: 62
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of factors motivating fisher participation in stakeholder engagement, including supporting fishing or having the opportunity to express voices.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

51B_Deterrents

CC ID: 1119128
Seq. Order: 63
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of factors deterring fisher participation in stakeholder engagement, including mistrust, fear of engagement resulting in negative outcomes, or a scarcity of outcomes relative to the level of effort put in.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

51C_Examples

CC ID: 1119129
Seq. Order: 64
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to different stakeholder engagement forums, including cooperative research efforts, Council-hosted meetings, and creel survey efforts.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

51D_Strategies

CC ID: 1119130
Seq. Order: 65
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

References to helpful engagement strategies, including those related to communication, convenience, and transparency.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

52_Power_dynamics

CC ID: 1119131
Seq. Order: 66
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Descriptions of political and power dynamics relevant to fisheries and shark interactions.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

52A_Forms_of_power

CC ID: 1119132
Seq. Order: 67
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Types of power referenced by research participants, including influence in fisheries management and research, livelihood security or financial capital, and access to data.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

52B_Shifting_blame_and_seeking_aid

CC ID: 1119133
Seq. Order: 68
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Examples of individuals or groups shifting alliances or redirecting blame depending on the situation.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

52C_Stakeholder_groups

CC ID: 1119134
Seq. Order: 69
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

A tracking node for the various stakeholders referenced during data collection, including fishers, fish buyers, managers, scientists, governmental entities, and environmentalists.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

53_Knowledge_types

CC ID: 1119135
Seq. Order: 70
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

Types of knowledge wielded by different stakeholders, including experiential, formal, inherited, and cultural.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

81_Stories

CC ID: 1119136
Seq. Order: 71
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

A tracking node for illustratie stories.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

82_Quotes_and_Key_points

CC ID: 1119137
Seq. Order: 72
Data Storage Type: CHARACTER
Max Length: 22
Required: No
Primary Key: No
Status: Active
Description:

A tracking node for illustrative quotes and key points.

General Data Type: CHARACTER

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 66290
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:66290
Metadata Record Created By: Brent M Miyamoto
Metadata Record Created: 2021-12-28 19:10+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-08-09 17:11+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2022-01-05
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2022-01-05
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2023-01-05