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Short Citation:
Office for Coastal Management, 2023: Shallow Corals,

Item Identification

Title: Shallow Corals
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2018-12-01

Shallow Corals were extracted from the Benthic Cover described herein by exporting all features classified as "B2.1.2" within the Biotic Cover Code field. Benthic cover (habitat) maps are derived from aerial imagery, underwater photos, acoustic surveys, and data gathered from sediment samples. Shallow to moderate-depth benthic habitat information assists ecosystem-based marine resource management. Many habitats, including hard and soft corals, are home to a diversity of marine organisms, which provide many important ecosystem services, including fishing, tourism, water quality enhancement, and shoreline protection. Coral reef ecosystems and associated bottom types are under increasing pressure from environmental and anthropogenic stressors. Mitigating these threats requires analyzing their spatial distribution, making benthic habitat mapping a key component to the conservation and management activities of state and federal agencies.


To support ocean planning activities pursuant to the Executive Order Regarding the Ocean Policy to Advance the Economic, Security, and Environmental Interests of the United States, the Energy Policy Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the Rivers and Harbors Act, and the Coastal Zone Management Act.


Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
ISO 19115 Topic Category
None benthic habitat
None biotic
None corals
None marine wildlife
None reef
None substrate
None zone

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
None Florida
None Hawaii
None Majuro
None Northeast Ecological Reserve
None Pacific Territories
None Palau
None Palmyra Atoll
None Puerto Rico
None United States
None US Virgin Islands

Physical Location

City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Distribution Liability:

Data Set Credit: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, NOAA Office for Coastal Management

Support Roles

Point of Contact

CC ID: 1116398
Date Effective From: 2018-06
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address:
Phone: (843) 740-1202


Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 1116410
W° Bound: -178.384928
E° Bound: 171.387439
N° Bound: 28.460447
S° Bound: -14.56106

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 1116409
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 2017-04-01

ground condition

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Use Constraints:

For coastal and ocean planning

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 1116399
Download URL:

Distribution 2

CC ID: 1116402
Download URL:

Ocean Reports

Data Quality


The attributes in this dataset are believed to be accurate.

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

Maximum scale of intended use is 1:80,000.

Completeness Report:

Spatial and attribute properties are believed to be complete, although attribute information has been simplified. Geometric thresholds from original data are preserved. No tests have been completed for exhaustiveness.

Conceptual Consistency:

These data are believed to be logically consistent. Geometry is topologically clean.



Benthic Cover

CC ID: 1116406
Contact Name:
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2017-01-01
Citation URL:
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

Please see benthic cover dataset on to see original source (NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science) information.

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 1116407

1. Download Benthic Cover dataset from 2. Select by attributes: from Biotic Cover field all features classified as "Live Coral". 3. Export selection into new "Shallow Corals" feature class. 4. Project into World Mercator for Ocean Reporting Tool download. 5. Check geometry.

Process Date/Time: 2018-10-04 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity Shallow Corals

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 66179
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:66179
Metadata Record Created By: Brianna Key
Metadata Record Created: 2021-12-22 05:00+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2023-05-30 18:10+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2021-12-22
Owner Org: OCM
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2021-12-22
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2022-12-22