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Short Citation:
Southeast Fisheries Science Center, 2023: Gulf of Mexico Ecosystem Status Report,

Item Identification

Title: Gulf of Mexico Ecosystem Status Report
Status: Completed
Creation Date: 2016

The Gulf of Mexico is one of the most ecologically and economically valuable marine ecosystems in the world and is affected by a variety of natural and anthropogenic phenomena including climate, hurricanes, coastal development, agricultural runoff, oil spills, and fishing. These complex and interacting stressors, together with the highly dynamic nature of this ecosystem, present challenges for the effective management of its resources. We analyze a compilation of over 100 indicators representing physical, biological, and economic aspects of the Gulf of Mexico and find that an ecosystem-wide reorganization occurred in the mid-1990s. Further analysis of fishery landings composition data indicates a major shift in the late 1970s coincident with the advent of US national fisheries management policy, as well as significant shifts in the mid-1960s and the mid-1990s. These latter shifts are aligned temporally with changes in a major climate mode in the Atlantic Ocean: the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO). We provide an explanation for how the AMO may drive physical changes in the Gulf of Mexico, thus altering higher-level ecosystem dynamics. The hypotheses presented here should provide focus for further targeted studies, particularly in regard to whether and how management should adjust to different climate regimes or states of nature. Our study highlights the challenges in understanding the effects of climatic drivers against a background of multiple anthropogenic pressures, particularly in a system where these forces interact in complex and nonlinear ways.


To develop ecosystem indicators for the Gulf of Mexico


This is a collection of indicators based on synthesis of hundreds of existing publically-available and private databases. The data have been reprocessed for the publications listed in column P.


Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
None Ecosystem Management
None fishery-dependent

Temporal Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
None 1950-2015

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
None Gulf Of Mexico

Physical Location

Organization: Southeast Fisheries Science Center
City: Miami
State/Province: FL
Country: USA
Location Description:

Location Of The Main Office Of The South East Fisheries Science Center

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 281537
Date Effective From: 2011
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Karnauskas, Mandy M
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33149
Email Address:
Phone: 305-361-4592
Contact Instructions:

Contact by email preferred.


CC ID: 281538
Date Effective From: 2011
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC)
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33149
Phone: (305)361-5761
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. EST
Contact Instructions:

Contact by email preferred.

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 281539
Date Effective From: 2014
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Schirripa, Michael J
Address: 75 VA Beach Dr
Miami, FL 33139
Email Address:
Phone: 305-361-4568
Fax: 305-361-4219
Business Hours: 8:00-430 EST/EDT

Point of Contact

CC ID: 281540
Date Effective From: 2011
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Hoolihan, John
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33149
Email Address:
Phone: 305-365-4116
Contact Instructions:

Contact by email preferred.


Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 276618
W° Bound: -98
E° Bound: -76
N° Bound: 32
S° Bound: 18

Gulf Of Mexico

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 276617
Time Frame Type: Continuing
Start: 2011

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Policy:

Open to everyone

Data Access Procedure:

Please Download From provided links

Data Access Constraints:


Data Use Constraints:

Not for use in litigation

Please cite as appropriate

Metadata Access Constraints:

Published metadata is open to everyone

Metadata Use Constraints:

Please cite as appropriate

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 591730
Start Date: 2017
End Date: Present
Download URL:
Distributor: Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC) (2011 - Present)

zip file download

File Type: Zip
Compression: Zip
Review Status: Chked Viruses Inapp Content



CC ID: 863764
Name: Homepage Gulf of Mexico Integrated Ecosystem Assessment
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: html

Gulf of Mexico Integrated Ecosystem Assessment "Balancing the needs of nature and society through integrated science for current and future generations of the Gulf of Mexico"


CC ID: 866519
Name: NOAA Fisheries 05/2017 workshop to review the status of ESRs
URL Type:
Online Resource

Challenges, opportunities, and future directions to advance NOAA Fisheries ecosystem status reports (ESRs) : report of the National ESR Workshop

Data Quality

Completeness Measure:

Data was collected from what would be perceived as reliable sources

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Karnauskas M, Schirripa MJ, Craig K, Cook G, Kelble C, Agar J, Black B, Enfield D, Lindo-Atichati D, Muhling B, Purcell K, Richards P ,Wang C (2015) Evidence of climate-driven ecosystem reorganization in the Gulf of Mexico. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.12894

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: No
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: 0
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
If Distributor (Data Hosting Service) is Needed, Please Indicate: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: 365
If Delay is Longer than Latency of Automated Processing, Indicate Under What Authority Data Access is Delayed:


Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: No Archiving Intended
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: 365
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

The data resides on a secure government network requiring multi-factor authentication for network access.



Evidence of climate‐driven ecosystem reorganization in the Gulf of Mexico

CC ID: 863871
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: Mandy Karnauskas
Publish Date: 2015-03-16
Citation URL:
Citation URL Name: Global Change Biology Volume 21 Issues 7 July 2015 Pages 2554-2568
Citation URL Description:

Wiley Online Library

Source Contribution:

Describes how parameters were gathered

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 281544

Various data sources compiled under Excel files and stored on the SEFSC server.

Process Contact: Karnauskas, Mandy M
Phone (Voice): 305-361-4592
Email Address:
Source: Evidence of climate‐driven ecosystem reorganization in the Gulf of Mexico

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 30673
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:30673
Metadata Record Created By: Carlos Rivero
Metadata Record Created: 2016-02-11 06:54+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Bryson Anderson
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2023-02-01 17:37+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2021-05-05
Owner Org: SEFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2021-05-05
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2022-05-05