Short Citation:
Office for Coastal Management, 2021: Biologically Important Areas for Cetaceans within U.S. Waters, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/48853.

Item Identification

Title: Biologically Important Areas for Cetaceans within U.S. Waters
Short Name: BiologicallyImportantAreasCetaceans
Status: In Work
Publication Date: 2016-07
Abstract:

Biologically important areas (BIAs) for cetaceans were defined by compiling the best available information from scientific literature (including books, peer-reviewed articles, and government or contract reports), unpublished data (sighting, acoustic, tagging, genetic, photo identification), and expert knowledge. This information was then used to create written summaries and maps highlighting areas shoreward of the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone that are biologically important to cetacean species (or populations), either seasonally or year-round. This collection contains the data displayed by BIA type, including feeding, migratory corridors, reproduction, and small and resident populations.

Feeding BIAs include areas and months within which a particular species or population selectively feeds. These may either be found consistently in space and time, or may be associated with ephemeral features that are less predictable but can be delineated and are generally located within a larger identifiable area. Migratory Corridor BIAs include areas and months within which a substantial portion of a species or population is known to migrate. Reproduction BIAs include areas and months within which a particular species or population selectively mates, gives birth, or is found with neonates or other sensitive age classes. Small and Resident Population BIAs include areas and months within which small and resident populations occupy a limited geographic extent.

Purpose:

BIAs were created to aid NOAA, other federal agencies, and the public in the analysis and planning that are required under multiple US statutes to characterize and minimize the impacts of anthropogenic activities on cetaceans and to achieve conservation and protection goals. In addition, the BIAs and associated information may be used to identify information gaps and prioritize future research and modeling efforts to better understand cetaceans, their habitat, and ecosystems. Because this is a scientific effort, the identification of BIAs does not have immediate regulatory significance or consequences. Rather the BIA assessment is intended to provide the best available science to help inform regulatory and management decisions under existing authorities about some, though not all, important cetacean areas. For decision making purposes, the BIAs identified here should be evaluated in combination with areas identified as having high cetacean density; the present effort is meant to augment, not displace, cetacean density analyses.

Notes:

11098

Supplemental Information:

This metadata records pertains solely to the data found within the service published on the coast.noaa.gov domain for MarineCadastre.gov. For the original data found in the data download, please reference the original metadata record.

Original contact information:

Contact Name: Haverland, Timothy J

Phone: 301-427-8137

Email: tim.haverland@noaa.gov

Spatial_Reference_Information:

Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:

Geographic:

Latitude_Resolution: 8.983152841195215e-009

Longitude_Resolution: 8.983152841195215e-009

Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees

Geodetic_Model:

Horizontal_Datum_Name: D WGS 1984

Ellipsoid_Name: WGS 1984

Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.0

Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257223563

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords Earth Science > Human Dimensions > Environmental Governance/Management
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
ISO 19115 Topic Category planningCadastre
None anthropogenic activity
None anthropogenic sound
None behavior
None BIA
None CetMap
None conservation
None distribution
None management

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords Continent > North America > United States Of America
None Alaska
None Aleutian Islands
None Arctic
None Bering Sea
None California
None East Coast
None Gulf of Alaska
None Gulf of Mexico
None Hawaii
None Hawaiian Islands
None North Pacific Ocean
None Northwest Atlantic Ocean
None Oregon
None Washington
None West Coast

Physical Location

Organization: Office for Coastal Management
City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: Irregular
Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Distribution Liability:

NOAA makes no warranties or representations whatsoever regarding the availability, quality, accuracy, content, completeness or suitability for the user's needs of such information. The services, information, and data made available on the Marine Cadastre web site are provided "as is" without warranties of any kind. These data are intended for coastal and ocean use planning. Not for navigation. https://marinecadastre.gov/about/disclaimer.html

Data Set Credit: Van Parijs, S. M., Curtice, C., & Ferguson, M. C. (Eds.). (2015). Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters. Aquatic Mammals (Special Issue), 41(1), 1-128.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 651354
Date Effective From: 2016-07
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 651356
Date Effective From: 2016-07
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 651357
Date Effective From: 2016-07
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 651355
Date Effective From: 2016-07
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 651360
W° Bound: -179.726956
E° Bound: -66.19249
N° Bound: 72.265057
S° Bound: 18.59151

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 651359
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 2015-03-01

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Vector: Yes

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 651345
Complex Object Present?: Yes
Complex Object Count: 335

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

zip download and REST map services

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

These data are available for public use. At least one of the following citations must be included in any publication or report that uses this data. The first citation covers the entire dataset and special issue publication, other citations are specific to each regional dataset (East Coast, Gulf of Mexico, West Coast, Hawaii, Gulf of Alaska, Aleutian Islands and Bering Sea, Arctic).

Van Parijs, S. M., Curtice, C., & Ferguson, M. C. (Eds.). (2015). Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters. Aquatic Mammals (Special Issue), 41(1), 1-128.

Van Parijs, S. M. (2015). Letter of Introduction to the Biologically Important Areas Issue. In S. M. Van Parijs, C. Curtice, & M. C. Ferguson (Eds.), Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters (p. 1). Aquatic Mammals (Special Issue), 41(1). 128 pp.

Ferguson, M. C., Curtice, C., Harrison, J., & Van Parijs, S. M. (2015). 1. Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters Overview and Rationale. In S. M. Van Parijs, C. Curtice, & & M. C. Ferguson (Eds.), Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters (pp. 2-16). Aquatic Mammals (Special Issue), 41(1). 128 pp.

LaBrecque, E., Curtice, C., Harrison, J., Van Parijs, S. M., & Halpin, P. N. (2015). 2. Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters East coast region. In S. M. Van Parijs, C. Curtice, & & M. C. Ferguson (Eds.), Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters (pp. 17-29). Aquatic Mammals (Special Issue), 41(1). 128 pp.

LaBrecque, E., Curtice, C., Harrison, J., Van Parijs, S. M., & Halpin, P. N. (2015). 3. Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters Gulf of Mexico region. In S. M. Van Parijs, C. Curtice, & M. C. Ferguson (Eds.), Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters (pp. 30-38). Aquatic Mammals (Special Issue), 41(1). 128 pp.

Calambokidis, J., Steiger, G. H., Curtice, C., Harrison, J., Ferguson, M., Becker, E., DeAngelis, M., & Van Parijs, S. M. (2015). 4. Biologically important areas for selected cetaceans within U.S. waters West coast region. In S. M. Van Parijs, C. Curtice, & M. C. Ferguson (Eds.), Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters (pp. 39-53). Aquatic Mammals (Special Issue), 41(1). 128 pp.

Baird, R. W., Cholewiak, D., Webster, D. L., Schorr, G. S., Mahaffy, S. D., Curtice, C., Harrison, J., & Van Parijs, S. M. (2015). 5. Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters Hawai'i region. In S. M. Van Parijs, C. Curtice, & M. C. Ferguson (Eds.), Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters (pp. 54-64). Aquatic Mammals (Special Issue), 41(1). 128 pp.

Ferguson, M. C., Curtice, C., & Harrison, J. (2015). 6. Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters Gulf of Alaska coast region. In S. M. Van Parijs, C. Curtice, & M. C. Ferguson (Eds.), Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters (pp. 65-78). Aquatic Mammals (Special Issue), 41(1). 128 pp.

Ferguson, M. C., Waite, J.M. Curtice, C., Clarke, J. T., & Harrison, J. (2015). 7. Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters Aleutian Islands and Bering Sea region. In S. M. Van Parijs, C. Curtice, & M. C. Ferguson (Eds.), Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters (pp. 79-93). Aquatic Mammals (Special Issue), 41(1). 128 pp.

Clarke, J. T., Ferguson, M. C., Curtice, C., & Harrison, J. (2015). 8. Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters Arctic region. In S. M. Van Parijs, C. Curtice, & M. C. Ferguson (Eds.), Biologically important areas for cetaceans within U.S. waters (pp. 94-103). Aquatic Mammals (Special Issue), 41(1). 128 pp.

Restriction and legal prerequisites for using the data set after access is granted. Includes any constraints applied to ensure the protection of privacy or intellectual property, and any special restrictions or limitations on using the data set.

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 651362
Download URL: http://cetsound.noaa.gov/Assets/cetsound/data/CetMap_BIA_WGS84.zip
Distributor:
Description:

Live Data and Maps

File Type: Shapefile
Application Version: ArcGIS 10.2
Compression: Zip

Distribution 2

CC ID: 651361
Download URL: http://services2.arcgis.com/C8EMgrsFcRFL6LrL/arcgis/rest/services/CetMap_BIA/FeatureServer
Distributor:
Description:

Live Data and Maps

File Type: ArcREST
Application Version: 10.3
Compression: Uncompressed

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 651348
URL: http://cetsound.noaa.gov/important
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 2

CC ID: 651350
URL: https://marinecadastre.gov/data/
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 3

CC ID: 651351
URL: https://www.coast.noaa.gov/
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 651392
Activity Date/Time: 2016-07-13
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 651391
Activity Date/Time: 2017-11-14
Description:

Converted from FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Technical Environment

Description:

Microsoft Windows 7 Version 6.1 (Build 7601) Service Pack 1; Esri ArcGIS 10.3.0.4322

Technical Environment

A description of the catalog item's technical environment, including machine name, software, or other special considerations required to use or access the catalog item

Data Quality

Accuracy:

BIAs were defined by regional and species experts, using the CetMap BIA Criteria as a guideline. Data used to delineate BIAs varies among the seven regions in availability, quality, quantity, and type. Some BIAs were created by digitizing high density portions of density rasters; many were created from sightings data paired with expert input to determine boundary lines. Individual species BIA narratives and accompanying supplementary tables give the most detailed description of how each BIA was determined. BIA boundaries are not exact, but are the best approximation of the areas used by animals that are of biological importance to the health and overall survival of the individual and the species. Each BIA was reviewed by at least 7 and up to 20 exerts, including reviews prior to the publication process, and rigorous peer-reviews during the journal publication process.

Completeness Report:

This instance of the BIA data is not complete, and the BIAs are intended to be updated periodically as new information becomes available. Gaps exist in each region, for various reasons. Not all species were evaluated, and not all important areas or seasons were evaluated for all species. A full gap assessment is summarized in: Ferguson, M. C., Curtice, C., Harrison, J., & Van Parijs, S. M. (2015). 1. Biologically Important Areas for Cetaceans within U.S. Waters Overview and Rationale. Aquatic Mammals, 41(1), 2-16. DOI 10.1578/AM.41.1.2015.2. This assessment only considers BIAs in US Waters.

Conceptual Consistency:

These data are believed to be logically consistent. Geometry is topologically clean.

Lineage

Sources

Biologically Important Areas for Cetaceans within U.S. Waters

CC ID: 651342
Contact Name: Curtice, Corrie
Publish Date: 2015-03-01
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015-02
Citation URL: http://www.aquaticmammalsjournal.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=721:biologically-important-areas-for-cetaceans-within-u-s-waters-a-special-issue&catid=58&Itemid=157
Source Contribution:

Zip file of all BIAs in original coordinate systems. | Source Geospatial Form: Map (digital) | Type of Source Media: email

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 651343
Description:

1. Download data from: http://cetsound.noaa.gov/Assets/cetsound/data/CetMap_BIA_WGS84.zip.

2. Retained all fields as-is to match metadata record published by NMFS.

3. Assigned Alias for field names based on their metadata definitions/units.

4. Created single part features for serving data in map service. This then required a recalculation of the BIA Size field. It was requested to maintain original BIA_Size to show total calculation.

5. Obtained original data from Duke. To perform this calculation on the original data projection.

6. Added new field "MC_BIA_Size" for new area calculation on individual portions of BIAs.

7. Calculated geometry based on data projection in square kilometer units.

8. Merged all regional feature classes back together by first projecting back to WGS84 and running the merge tool.

9. Checked geometry -73 features were fixed due to self-intersections.

10. Projected to Web Mercator.

11. Assigned cartography values the same as published in NMFS publication: http://www.aquaticmammalsjournal.org/images/files/AM_41.1_Complete_Issue.pdf.

12. Definition Queries per type.

13. Created layer files.

14. Due to new field, created metadata record.

Process Date/Time: 2016-06-14 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity (ENT) BiologicallyImportantAreas

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 48853
Metadata Record Created By: Anne Ball
Metadata Record Created: 2017-11-14 15:55+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-07-02 15:17+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2017-11-16
Owner Org: OCM
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2018-11-17