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Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2022: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Diel seawater carbonate chemistry observations from a suite of instrumentation deployed at coral reef sites across the Hawaiian Archipelago since 2016, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/54894.

Item Identification

Title: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Diel seawater carbonate chemistry observations from a suite of instrumentation deployed at coral reef sites across the Hawaiian Archipelago since 2016
Short Name: NCRMP: Diel Hawaiian Archipelago
Status: On Going
Creation Date: 2019
Publication Date: 2021
Abstract:

The ocean acidification diel suite is an autonomous instrument package that measures diel variability in coral reef seawater carbonate chemistry. Diel suite surveys are conducted by the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) within coral reef ecosystems across the Pacific Islands Region as part of the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP). The data provided in this record are from diel suites deployed across the Hawaiian Archipelago since 2016 during ESD-led NCRMP missions. Specifically, at select sites at Kure Atoll and Lisianski Island between September 14th - 26th, 2016 as well as Lanai and the Main Hawaiian Islands between July 10th - July 30th, 2019.

Diel suites were deployed on the reef for at least 24 hours to measure in-situ salinity, temperature, pressure, pH, and current direction and magnitude. Seawater samples were also collected for laboratory analyses of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and total alkalinity (TA). Components of the carbonate system--including pH, pCO2 (partial pressure of carbon dioxide), and aragonite saturation state--are calculated from DIC, TA, temperature, salinity and pressure. Each diel suite consisted of: 1 SBE-19plus CTD sensor, 1 Nortek Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP), 1 Satlantic SeaFET Ocean pH sensor, and up to 9 Programmable Underwater Collectors (PUCs), each of which collected 1 water sample at 4-hour intervals; however, only data from the CTD and water samples were recovered from the diel surveys at Kure and Lisianski in 2016. Starting 2018, 1 SBE-43 oxygen sensor was tethered to the CTD sensor for diel surveys. Stand-alone dissolved oxygen (DO) and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) loggers were included with the diel suite deployments starting HARAMP 2019. Instruments deployed, samples collected, and sample intervals are recorded in the summary file enclosed with the data package, and exceptions to the standard diel suite are also noted.

Purpose:

Manual seawater sampling and other National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) field monitoring efforts are limited to daylight hour operations. As a result, these data sets do not capture full 24-hour variability in coral reef physical and chemical environments. The ocean acidification diel suite was developed to increase the temporal resolution and coverage of oceanographic and carbonate chemistry measurements and contextualize daytime sampling within the full diel cycle.

Notes:

An SBE-43 oxygen sensor was co-located with the SBE-19plus CTD sensor for diel surveys starting in 2018, and was included in the 2019 deployments however it failed to collect measurements.

In 2019, The stand-alone RBRsolo³ DO logger was deployed on alternating diel suites to those of SBE-43 oxygen sensor. Additionally PAR data became available starting 2019 with the addition of the RBRsolo³ PAR logger.

Data recovered from the diel surveys in 2016 only include CTD and water quality data.

Supplemental Information:

The NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) details a long term approach to provide an ecosystem perspective via monitoring climate, fish, benthic, and socioeconomic variables in a consistent and integrated manner. The NCRMP coordinates various NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) biological, physical, and human dimensions activities into a cohesive NOAA-wide effort. Through the implementation of the NCRMP, NOAA is able to clearly and concisely communicate results of national-scale monitoring to national, state, and territorial policy makers, resource managers, and the public on a periodic basis.

NCRMP is a framework for conducting sustained observations of biological, climate, and socioeconomic indicators at 10 priority coral reefs across the U.S. and its territories. This integrated approach consolidates monitoring of coral reefs under a uniform method in the Pacific, Atlantic, Caribbean, and the Gulf of Mexico for the first time. NCRMP is funded by the Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) and supported by NOAA Fisheries, NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), NOAA’s Atlantic Oceanographic & Meteorological Laboratory (AOML), NOAA Coral Reef Watch, and many other partners. The Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) at NOAA Fisheries is leading in-situ climate monitoring in the U.S. Pacific Islands Region.

The climate component of NCRMP in the Pacific provides a comprehensive view of climate change impacts on coral reef ecosystems and helps identify areas of resilience and vulnerability. The key indicators used to identify and monitor climate-driven trends include 1) thermal stress caused by changes in sea temperature, 2) ocean acidification resulting from changes in carbonate chemistry, and 3) ecological impacts by collecting data on coral growth rates, erosion, and community structure to understand the impacts of thermal stress and ocean acidification on the ecosystem. Each year, ESD scientists work closely with CRCP and partners during Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (RAMP) missions to collect data using moored oceanographic and ecological instruments stationed at fixed sites in the Pacific Ocean, and water samples collected by divers. The in-situ data and satellite-based observations are also used in modeling efforts. Innovative analysis techniques are used to develop products that give fellow scientists, managers, decision makers and the public a better understanding of a region’s resources and how they are changing over time.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Numeric Data Sets > Oceanography
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Reef Habitat
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > In Situ Chemical
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > In Situ Physical
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Alkalinity
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Calcification
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Carbon Dioxide > Partial Pressure
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Carbonate Chemistry
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Chemistry Monitoring and Assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Climate Change
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Dissolution
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Dissolved Gases
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Dissolved Inorganic Carbon
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Ocean Acidification
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Oxygen
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > pH
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Saturation State
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Optics > Photosynthetically Active Radiation
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Temperature > Water Temperature
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Salinity/Density > Conductivity
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Salinity/Density > Density
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Salinity/Density > Salinity
CRCP Project 743
CRCP Project National Coral Reef Monitoring Program
ISO 19115 Topic Category 014
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS ALKALINITY - TOTAL [total alkalinity]
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS ARAGONITE SATURATION STATE
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CONDUCTIVITY
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS DEPTH - SENSOR
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC)
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS dissolved oxygen
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS pH
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density (PPFD)
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS PRESSURE - WATER [HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE]
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS SALINITY - BOTTOM WATER
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS SIGMA-T
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS WATER TEMPERATURE
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS ADCP
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Coulometer for DIC measurement
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS CTD - moored CTD
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS dive computer
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS oxygen sensor
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS PAR sensor
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS pH sensor
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS temperature sensor
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS titrator
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS continuous
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS in situ
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS physical
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS time series profile
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS water chemistry
NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS HI'IALAKAI
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Coral Reef Conservation Program
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS CORAL REEF STUDIES
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS National Coral Reef Monitoring Program
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; Ecosystem Sciences Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None CRED
None CREP
None CTD
None diel
None Ecosystem Sciences Division
None ESD
None National Coral Reef Monitoring Program
None NCRMP
None Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
None PIFSC
None programmable underwater collector
None PUC
None RAMP
None Rapid Ecological Assessment
None REA
None Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program
None water samples

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Lisianski Island (25N173W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Lanai Island > Lanai Island (20N156W0002
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Lisianski Island (25N173W0001)
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Central Pacific Ocean
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Coastal Waters of Hawaii
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS North Pacific Ocean
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument
None Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
None NWHI

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: CSV Files
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Maintenance Note:

Initially published in 2019 with data collected in 2016. Updated in 2021 with data collected in 2019, as well as with columns added to incorporate new instruments and improve data structure.

Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

Data from 2016 was conducted in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) and only took CTD and water samples. Data from 2019 was conducted in the Main Hawaiian Islands (MHI) and the diel suite deployed had CTD, water sample, ADCP, pH, PAR, as well as DO measurements.

CTD data include conductivity, temperature, and pressure observations with calculated depth, salinity, and density.

Water samples are analyzed for dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and total alkalinity (TA). pH, partial pressure of carbon dioxide, and aragonite saturation state are mathematically derived from TA and DIC values using temperature, salinity, and pressure data from the CTD. Dissolved oxygen (DO) and PAR were logged in-situ with stand-alone sensors with the diel suite deployment.

RBRsolo³ PAR and RBRsolo³ DO stand-alone loggers were deployed with the diel suites in 2019. From 2018 typically diel suite deployments included a tethered SBE-43 DO sensor to the CTD sensor. Oxygen sensors alternated on deployments, however only the stand-alone RBRsolo³ DO logger data is available for 2019.

The depth column in all the files refers to the depth read by the dive computer at time of deployment, with the exception of the CTD file for which depth was calculated over the time course of the deployment from the pressure. If the CTD sensor failed, pressures were taken from ADCP readings to calculate depth over the diel suite deployment.

Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Data Set Credit: PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division and funded by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program

Support Roles

Data Set Credit

CC ID: 800431
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP)
Address: 1305 East West Highway 10th Floor
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
Phone: (301) 713-3155
URL: https://coralreef.noaa.gov

Data Steward

CC ID: 801034
Date Effective From: 2018
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Barkley, Hannah C
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: hannah.barkley@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 800434
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 1075776
Date Effective From: 2021
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Luers, Lori H
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: lori.luers@noaa.gov

Originator

CC ID: 800437
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: pifsc.info@noaa.gov
Phone: 808-725-5360
URL: https://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Point of Contact

CC ID: 801033
Date Effective From: 2018
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Barkley, Hannah C
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: hannah.barkley@noaa.gov
View Historical Support Roles

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

Kure Atoll and Lisianski Island, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 800476
W° Bound: -178.3409
E° Bound: -173.9944
N° Bound: 28.3851
S° Bound: 25.9871
Description

Extent of diel surveys at Kure Atoll and Lisianski Island of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) during HARAMP cruise (HA1606) in 2016.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 800484
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2016-09-14
End: 2016-09-15
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1606
Description:

UTC date range of diel surveys at REA site KUR-52 at Kure Atoll during HARAMP 2016.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 800481
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2016-09-20
End: 2016-09-21
Alternate Start As Of Info: HA1606
Description:

UTC date range of diel surveys at REA site LIS-54 at Lisianski Island during HARAMP 2016.

Extent Group 2

Extent Description:

Lanai and the Main Hawaiian Islands

Extent Group 2 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 1075778
W° Bound: -156.81341
E° Bound: -155.9014
N° Bound: 20.8439
S° Bound: 19.2099
Description

Extent of diel surveys at Lanai and the Main Hawaiian Islands (MHI) during HARAMP cruise (SE1902) in 2019

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 1075779
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2019-07-10
End: 2019-07-30
Alternate Start As Of Info: SE1902_MHI_Leg2
Description:

UTC date range of diel surveys at REA site LAN-2187 off of Lanai during HARAMP 2019.

Extent Group 2 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 1075780
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2019-07-11
End: 2019-07-19
Alternate Start As Of Info: SE1902_MHI_Leg2
Description:

UTC date range of diel surveys at REA site HAW-4318 off of the main Hawaiian Islands during HARAMP 2019.

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

NOAA Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

ESD welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. ESD has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with ESD principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by ESD, proper acknowledgement of both ESD and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, ESD requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the ESD Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example citation:

"This publication makes use of data products provided by the Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP). The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors.”

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please cite PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) when using the data.

Suggested citation:

Ecosystem Sciences Division; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2021: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Diel seawater carbonate chemistry observations from a suite of instrumentation deployed at coral reef sites across the Hawaiian Archipelago since 2016, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/54894.

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 1077988
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0186952
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_NCRMP_DS_2016_HI
Description:

Directory folder that contains all instrument datasets as well as the summary file for the diel suite deployments at Kure Atoll and Lisianski Island during the NWHI RAMP cruise in 2016.

Distribution 2

CC ID: 1075698
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0186952
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_NCRMP_DS_2016_HI_CTD
Description:

Instrument data from CTD sensor in the diel suite deployment in the NWHI in 2016 (HA1606) at select sites at Kure Atoll and Lisianski Island.

File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

Distribution 3

CC ID: 1075701
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0186952
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_NCRMP_DS_2016_HI_H2O
Description:

Instrument data as well as calculated carbonate chemistry data from water samples collected with diel suite deployment in the NWHI in 2016 (HA1606) at select sites at Kure Atoll and Lisianski Island.

File Type: csv

Distribution 4

CC ID: 1076375
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0186952
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_NCRMP_DS_2016_HI_SUMMARY
Description:

Summary of the diel suite deployment in 2016 with information on the cruise and specific sites, as well as instruments and sampling intervals; different instruments could be deployed at different sites or instruments could have malfunctioned.

File Type: csv (comma-separated values)
File Size: 1KB

Distribution 5

CC ID: 801036
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0186952
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_NCRMP_DS_2019_HI_SUMMARY
Description:

Summary of the diel suite deployment in 2019 with information on the cruise and specific sites, as well as instruments and sampling intervals; different instruments could be deployed at different sites or instruments could have malfunctioned.

File Type: csv (comma-separated values)
File Size: 2KB

Distribution 6

CC ID: 1077989
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240410
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_NCRMP_DS_2019_HI
Description:

Directory folder that contains all instrument datasets as well as the summary file for the diel suite deployments at Lanai and the Main Hawaiian Islands on the RAMP cruise in 2019.

Distribution 7

CC ID: 1076005
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240410
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_NCRMP_DS_2019_HI_ADCP
Description:

Instrument data from ADCP in the diel suite deployment in the Main Hawaiian Islands in 2019

File Type: csv (comma-separated values)
File Size: 21.83MB

Distribution 8

CC ID: 1075700
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240410
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_NCRMP_DS_2019_HI_CTD
Description:

Instrument data from CTD sensor in the diel suite deployment in the Main Hawaiian Islands in 2019

File Type: csv
File Size: 5.3MB

Distribution 9

CC ID: 1076007
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240410
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_NCRMP_DS_2019_HI_DO
Description:

Instrument data from both oxygen sensors in the diel suite deployments in the Main Hawaiian Islands in 2019. This data includes readings from the stand-alone RBRsolo³ DO sensor and the SBE-43 DO sensor tethered to the CTD. Sensors were deployed with alternating diel suite deployments; they were not deployed on the same diel suite deployment.

File Type: csv (comma-separated values)
File Size: 4.83MB

Distribution 10

CC ID: 1076006
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240410
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_NCRMP_DS_2019_HI_H2O
Description:

Instrument data as well as calculated carbonate chemistry data from water samples collected with diel suite deployment in the Main Hawaiian Islands from 2019.

File Type: csv (comma-separated values)
File Size: 4KB

Distribution 11

CC ID: 1076008
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240410
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_NCRMP_DS_2019_HI_PAR
Description:

Instrument data from PAR sensor in the diel suite deployment in the Main Hawaiian Islands in 2019 (SE1902).

File Type: csv (comma-separated values)
File Size: 6.26MB

Distribution 12

CC ID: 1076004
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240410
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: ESD_NCRMP_DS_2019_HI_PH
Description:

Instrument data from pH sensor in the diel suite deployment in the Main Hawaiian Islands in 2019 (SE1902).

File Type: csv (comma-separated values)
File Size: 1.9MB

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 800485
URL: https://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/ecosystem_sciences/
Name: Ecosystem Sciences Division
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division web page

URL 2

CC ID: 800486
URL: https://www.coris.noaa.gov/monitoring/
Name: NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

Information about the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) on the NOAA Coral Reef Information System website.

URL 3

CC ID: 1075898
URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/science-blog/sea-tales-monitoring-coral-reef-ecosystems-throughout-hawaiian-archipelago
Name: Sea Tales: Monitoring Coral Reef Ecosystems Throughout the Hawaiian Archipelago
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

Science Blog of July 2019 HARAMP Mission

URL 4

CC ID: 1075899
URL: https://media.fisheries.noaa.gov/dam-migration-miss/1280_UZ1pcvsgN067.jpg?1563216764
Name: Image of Diel Suite Deployment
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
File Resource Format: jpg
Description:

The ocean and climate change team deploys the "diel suite" instrument package in Papa Bay. Source: NOAA Fisheries; see https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/science-blog/sea-tales-monitoring-coral-reef-ecosystems-throughout-hawaiian-archipelago

Technical Environment

Description:

Raw data are downloaded from the instruments, processed in R, and migrated to the PIFSC Oracle database.

Water sample data is stored in an MS Access database.

Data Quality

Representativeness:

Seawater carbonate chemistry at the benthos is dynamic and driven by physical and biological processes occurring at time scales of minutes to days. The measurements and analyses from this instrument suite is representative of the water column chemistry at the time of measurement, but this highly variable environment allows for a fairly wide distribution of measured values.

Accuracy:

Water samples: accuracy of seawater carbonate chemistry laboratory analysis is explained in detail in Dickson et al (2007), SOP #2: Determination of total dissolved inorganic carbon in sea water, and SOP #3b: Determination of total alkalinity in sea water using an open-cell titration.

Satlantic SeaFET Ocean pH sensor: measurement range: 6.5-9.0 pH; salinity range: 2-40 psu; accuracy: +/- 0.05 pH; precision: better than 0.001 pH; resolution: 0.0001 pH; stability: 0.005 pH/mo

SBE-19plus CTD sensor:

Conductivity - measurement range: 0-9 S/m; accuracy: +/- 0.0005 S/m; stability: 0.0003 S/m per month; resolution: 0.00005 S/m;

Temperature - measurement range: -5-35 deg C; accuracy: +/-0.005 deg C; stability: 0.0002 deg C per month; resolution: 0.0001 deg C;

Pressure - measurement range: 0-600 m; accuracy: +/- 0.1%; stability: +/- 0.1%; resolution: 0.002%

Nortek Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler 1MHz: Profiling range: 12-25 m; accuracy: +/- 1%

SBE-43 oxygen sensor: Measurement range: 120% surface saturation; accuracy: +/- 2% of saturation; stability: 0.5% per 1000 hours

RBRsolo³ DO logger: Range: 0 to 600%, Accuracy: ±2% O2 saturation, Resolution: 1% of saturation, Response time: ~10s, (T90%)

RBRsolo³ PAR logger: Depth rating: 350/560m, Sampling capacity: ~13M readings, Sampling rate: 1s to 24h and 2Hz

Analytical Accuracy:

For some deployments, paired water samples are collected simultaneously at the benthos and 1.5 meters above the seafloor.

Completeness Measure:

The entire suite of instrumentation is deployed during diel surveys; however, various issues can occur with any one or several of the instruments during the deployment thereby limiting the data recovered.

While PUCs are programmed to collect water on this regular sampling schedule, issues with the pumps can occasionally result in missing samples for some of the time steps.

Refer to the 'meta' file enclosed with the data package for details. In 2016, only CTD and water quality data were recovered from the diel surveys at Kure and Lisianski.

Field Precision:

Redundant data are collected to ensure accuracy of the methods/instrumentation. For some deployments, paired water samples are collected simultaneously at the benthos and 1.5 meters above the seafloor.

Completeness Report:

All analyzed samples and measured values are included. NULL values in the data, where they exist, indicate that the observation/analysis was not conducted for the sample record where it appears.

Conceptual Consistency:

The data are very consistent, sample collection and processing protocols detailed in Dickson et al (2007) are adhered to rigorously, both in the field (SOP #1) and in the laboratory (SOP #2 and #3b).

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

The data is quality controlled by NOAA PIFSC Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) personnel after the data is downloaded from the instruments, after it is migrated to the database, and once again when the data are submitted to the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information.

NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) conducts quality assurance and quality control on their seawater analyses according to protocols #2 and #3b in Dickson et al (2007).

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

The data is captured in several locations: files stored on the cruise server during the mission and the PIFSC network, and data are imported into the PIFSC Oracle database. The cruise server is regularly backed up by the cruise data manager while at sea, and the PIFSC network and Oracle database are maintained and regularly backed up by PIFSC ITS.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

The Ocean Acidification Diurnal Suite is a collection of instruments deployed by SCUBA divers onto the seafloor that makes autonomous measurements and collects seawater samples. For a typical 24 hour sampling, the diurnal suite consists of: 1 Sea Bird Electronics (SBE)-19plus CTD sensor, 1 Nortek Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP), 1 Satlantic SeaFET Ocean pH sensor, and 7 Programmable Underwater Collectors (PUC), where each PUC collects 1 discrete water sample at a 4-hour interval from 12:00 on day 1 to 12:00 on day 2. Starting 2018 an oxygen sensor was co-located with the CTD sensor, and beginning in 2019 a stand-alone PAR sensor as well as oxygen sensor were added to the deployment. All instruments are weighted or zip-tied to rubble on the seafloor, or both, to secure the position of the instrumentation for the duration of the deployment.

Instruments 3-7 were not in the diel suite package for the 2016 deployment.

Sources

Dickson, A.G., Sabine, C.L. and Christian, J.R. (Eds.) 2007. Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements. PICES Special Publication 3, 191 pp.

CC ID: 801043
Publish Date: 2007-10-01
Citation URL: https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/ocads/oceans/Handbook_2007.html
Citation URL Name: Ocean Carbon Data System (OCADS), Access Data
Citation URL Description:

Guide to Best Practices for Ocean CO2 Measurements

Source Contribution:

Dickson et al (2007)

Protocols to collect, process, and analyze water samples for DIC and TA:

SOP 1: Water Sampling for the parameters of the oceanic carbon dioxide system

SOP 2: Determination of total dissolved inorganic carbon in sea water

SOP 3b: Determination of total alkalinity in sea water using an open-cell titration

SOP for instrument data processing using the R package occ

CC ID: 847049
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: Hannah Barkley
Publish Date: 2019-05-31
Citation URL: https://rpubs.com/hbarkley/occ_SOP
Citation URL Name: RPubs
Citation URL Description:

Easy web publishing from R

Source Contribution:

Data processing protocol

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 800489
Description:

Water samples collected with Programmable Underwater Collectors (PUC)

Developed by Dr. Chris Langdon's laboratory at the University of Miami, PUCs are computerized timers attached to a low-power peristaltic pump. An array of PUCs collects water samples at 4-hour intervals over the course of at least 24-hours, usually starting at 12:00 pm local time on day 1 and ending at 12:00 pm on day 2. While PUCs are programmed to collect water on this regular sampling schedule, issues with the pumps can occasionally result in missing samples for some of the time steps. For some deployments, paired water samples were collected simultaneously at the benthos and 1.5 meters above the seafloor.

Samples are collected underwater in tedlar bags pre-poisoned with mercuric chloride and transferred to glass bottles within a few hours of recovery. Water samples are analyzed for DIC using a coulometer (SOP #2) and for TA using a titrator (SPO #3b) by the NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory. On occasion, poor pump performance results in half-filled sample bags. These samples are only analyzed for TA due to insufficient sample volume for DIC analysis. Full carbon system chemistry values (including pH, pCO2, and aragonite saturation state) are derived from DIC/TA and salinity/temperature/pressure data from a co-deployed CTD using the R package seacarb.

Process Contact: Barkley, Hannah C
Email Address: hannah.barkley@noaa.gov
Source: Dickson, A.G., Sabine, C.L. and Christian, J.R. (Eds.) 2007. Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements. PICES Special Publication 3, 191 pp.

Process Step 2

CC ID: 800491
Description:

Conductivity-Temperature-Depth (CTD) sensor

CTD data are collected by a Sea Bird Electronics 19plus v2 SeaCAT every 2 minutes. Data are uploaded as HEX files, converted to CNV using SBE Data Processing Software, and converted to CSV using the 'oce' package in R. Depth in CTD csv file is that logged by the CTD itself (the depth in other csv files is that of the deployed depth as read by dive computer)

Process Contact: Barkley, Hannah C
Email Address: hannah.barkley@noaa.gov

Process Step 3

CC ID: 1076010
Description:

Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) sensor

The diel suite includes either a 1.0 MHz or a 2.0 MHz side-looking ADCP (1.0 MHz ranges 20-m depth, while the 2.0 MHz ranges 10-m). ADCP measurements are collected at 2 minute intervals and binned by height above the sensor. Each height bin is represented in the data set as the upper limit of the bin height above the sensor on the seafloor (e.g., a 1.4 m bin represents current data collected between 0.4 m and 1.4 m above the ADCP). ADCP data include a blanking region, or a small distance in front of the transducer in which measurements cannot be made, of 0.2-0.4 m. Current data are grouped into 1-m height bins.

Raw data downloaded from the ADCP are processed in R using the oce package. XYZ coordinate data are converted to ENU (east-north-up) coordinate system. Current speed is calculated as the square root of the sum of the squared u and v velocities and direction as the arctan(v/u). Data are trimmed to a maximum height bin for each time step using pressure data to remove above-water signal. As a result, NULL values may exist for larger height bins above the surface of the water due to waves and tides.

Process Contact: Barkley, Hannah C
Email Address: hannah.barkley@noaa.gov

Process Step 4

CC ID: 1076011
Description:

SeaFET pH sensor

The SeaFET pH measures in-situ pH using a solid state ISFET sensor with an AgCl external reference electrode. The electrode is conditioned in running seawater up to a week prior to deployment and stored in artificial seawater between deployments. pH data are collected in bursts of 30 measurements every 5 minutes. The SeaFET is co-deployed with a CTD, and temperature and salinity values from the CTD time series are used to correct the raw pH time series. The SeaFET derives pH from both internal and external potentiometric cells, but only external pH is reported. SeaFET pH values are compared to pH values calculated from discrete TA and DIC samples collected at the same time and location.

Process Contact: Barkley, Hannah C
Email Address: hannah.barkley@noaa.gov

Process Step 5

CC ID: 1076012
Description:

Oxygen sensor

An SBE-43 oxygen sensor is tethered to the SBE-19plus CTD sensor to provide DO readings in mg/L of diel suite deployment.

Process Contact: Barkley, Hannah C
Email Address: hannah.barkley@noaa.gov

Process Step 6

CC ID: 1076013
Description:

PAR and Oxygen sensors:

Two new stand-alone instruments are included with surveys beginning with 2019 diel suite deployments: 1) RBRsolo³ dissolved oxygen sensor and 2) RBRsolo³ PAR sensor.

Diel Suite deployments included either the stand-alone RBRsolo³ DO logger or the SBE-43 oxygen sensor tethered to the CTD. Both oxygen sensors are not deployed simultaneously; oxygen sensors alternate between deployments.

Process Contact: Barkley, Hannah C
Email Address: hannah.barkley@noaa.gov

Acquisition Information

Instruments

Instrument 1

CC ID: 1075874
Identifier: Aquadopp Profiler
Instrument / Gear: Instrument
Instrument Type: acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP)
Description:

Current profiler: Nortek Aquadopp Profiler 1 MHz or 2 MHz. Small and compact, with up to 25 m or 40 m current profiling range, respectively.

Instrument 2

CC ID: 800447
Identifier: Programmable Underwater Collector (PUC)
Instrument / Gear: Instrument
Instrument Type: Water Sampler
Description:

Programmable Underwater Collectors (PUC) are computerized timers attached to a low-power peristaltic pump to collect water samples at episodic intervals (i.e., every 4 hrs over a 24-hr period). Designed and Developed by Dr. Chris Langdon’s laboratory at the University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science.

Instrument 3

CC ID: 1075876
Identifier: RBRsolo³ DO logger
Instrument / Gear: Instrument
Instrument Type: Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
Description:

RBRsolo³ DO dissolved oxygen recorder (OxyGuard® Ocean DO) is a compact, lightweight single channel logger for depths up to 1700m, standard sampling from 1s to 24 h and 2Hz,

Instrument 4

CC ID: 1075877
Identifier: RBRsolo³ PAR
Instrument / Gear: Instrument
Instrument Type: PAR sensor
Description:

RBRsolo³ PAR recorder is a compact and lightweight single channel recorder for depths up to 350 or 560m with sampling capacity of ~13M readings and sampling rate of 2, 4, 8, 16, or 32 Hz. A photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) sensor measures the spectral range of light available for photosynthesis.

Instrument 5

CC ID: 800444
Identifier: SBE 19plus V2
Docucomp UUID: d834d7e0-70dd-11e0-a1f0-0800200c9a66
Instrument / Gear: Instrument
Instrument Type: conductivity, temperature, depth
Description:

The SBE 19plus V2 (Version 2) SEACAT Profiler measures conductivity, temperature, and pressure (depth) and provides high accuracy and resolution, reliability, and ease-of-use for a wide range of research, monitoring, and engineering applications. The pump-controlled, TC-ducted flow configuration minimizes salinity spiking caused by ship heave and allows for slow descent rates without slowing sensor responses, improving dynamic accuracy and resolving small scale structure in the water column.

Instrument 6

CC ID: 1075875
Identifier: SBE 43 DO Sensor
Instrument / Gear: Instrument
Instrument Type: Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
Description:

The SBE 43 is an individually calibrated, high-accuracy oxygen sensor to assist in critical hypoxia and ocean stoichiometric oxygen chemistry research on a variety of profiling and moored platforms. The SBE 43 is designed for use in a CTD’s pumped flow path, providing optimal correlation with CTD measurements. Elapsed time between the CTD and associated oxygen measurement is easily quantified, and corrected for, in post-processing. The black plenum and plumbing’s black tubing blocks light, reducing in-situ algal growth. Plumbing isolates the SBE 43 from continuous exposure to the external environment, allowing trapped water to go anoxic and minimizing electrolyte consumption between samples for moored deployments.

Instrument 7

CC ID: 1075873
Identifier: SeaFET v2
Instrument / Gear: Instrument
Instrument Type: Ocean pH Sensor
Description:

SeaFET v2 Ocean pH Sensor measures in-situ pH using a solid state ISFET sensor with an AgCl external reference electrode.

Platforms

Platform 1

CC ID: 800442
Identifier: Diel Suite
Description:

The Ocean Acidification Diel Suite is not a physical platform (boat, buoy, etc.), but rather a collection of instruments deployed together on the seafloor that makes autonomous measurements and collects seawater samples, which allows for the quantification of 24-hr variability in seawater carbonate chemistry present at the reef.

Mounted Instrument 1

Identifier: Aquadopp Profiler

Mounted Instrument 2

Identifier: Programmable Underwater Collector (PUC)

Mounted Instrument 3

Identifier: SBE 19plus V2

Mounted Instrument 4

Identifier: SBE 43 DO Sensor

Mounted Instrument 5

Identifier: SeaFET v2

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 54894
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:54894
Metadata Record Created By: Annette M DesRochers
Metadata Record Created: 2018-11-15 15:43+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Sarah Kunkel
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-11-23 21:03+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2021-08-06
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2021-08-06
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2022-08-06