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Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2022: Supporting Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management (EBFM) in meeting multiple objectives for sustainable use of coral reef ecosystem: Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) Ecosystem Model Output Data using a social-ecological system (SES) conceptual framework, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/63158.

Item Identification

Title: Supporting Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management (EBFM) in meeting multiple objectives for sustainable use of coral reef ecosystem: Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) Ecosystem Model Output Data using a social-ecological system (SES) conceptual framework
Short Name: MHI EwE Ecosystem Model Data
Status: Completed
Creation Date: 2021
Abstract:

The dataset represented here is the Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) model input and output under various scenarios for biomass and catch data, taking into account ecological parameters, different fishing methods, as well as social and economical parameters.

Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management is a holistic management approach that integrates the dynamics of an entire ecosystem, including societal dimensions. However, this approach seldom lives up to its promise because economic and social objectives are rarely specified. To fill this gap, we explored how an ecosystem model could better integrate economic and social objectives, using the coral reef ecosystem around Hawaii as a case study. After meeting with stakeholders and conducting a literature review of policy/strategy documents, we identified societal and ecological objectives and associated performance indicators for which data existed. We developed a social-ecological system (SES) conceptual framework to illustrate the relationships between ecological and social state components. This framework was the foundation for the development of the final SES model which we simulated using an Ecopath with Ecosim model. We simulated four gear/species restrictions for the reef-based fishery, two fishing scenarios associated with the opening of hypothetical no-take Marine Protected Areas for the deepwater-based fishery, and a Constant Effort (No Action) scenario. Despite limitations in the model, our approach shows that when social and economic objectives and social-ecological relationships are defined, we can visualize and quantify the trade-offs among the identified societal objectives to support managers in choosing among alternative interventions.

Purpose:

The main objective of this study was to improve the integration of human dimensions into the evaluation of fishery management scenarios in terms of their ability to improve the provision of ecosystem services that benefit human users (economic, consumptive and non-consumptive benefits), and to enhance the long-term future of the local reef and, hence, support Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management.

Other Citation Details:

Publication:

Weijerman M, Oyafuso ZS, Leong KM, Oleson KLL, Winston M. 2020. Supporting Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management in meeting multiple objectives for sustainable use of coral reef ecosystems. ICES J Mar Sci.:13. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsaa194.

Supplemental Information:

Ecopath with Ecosim is designed for straightforward construction, parameterization and analysis of mass-balance trophic models of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Simulations are run to modify parameters, and rerun until external validation is achieved.

The Ecopath with Ecosim software has been distributed to more than 3000 registered users in 124 countries, and more than 200 publications utilizing it have appeared in the scientific literature. See www.ecopath.org for an update.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
ISO 19115 Topic Category
biota
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Numeric Data Sets > Biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Fish > Fishing
ISO 19115 Topic Category 002
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS BIOMASS
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CATCHES
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS model output
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Pacific Reef and Assessment Monitoring Program
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research; Ocean Acidification Program;
None coral reef
None EBFM
None ecological modeling
None Ecopath with Ecosim
None Ecosystem Sciences Division
None ecosystem-based fisheries management
None ESD
None EwE
None MHI

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Central Pacific Ocean
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Coastal Waters of Hawaii
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS North Pacific Ocean

Instrument Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
Computer > Computer

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: MS Excel Spreadsheet
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

Each column of the model input and output tables are described in the entities. The output data include the biomass and catches (tons per sq. kilometer) for several groups of marine organisms under the current and alternative management scenarios and the relative performance of the indicators under six management scenarios simulated to start in 2020 and compared to current management.

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/63158
Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such warranty.

Data Set Credit: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center

Support Roles

Author

CC ID: 991929
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Weijerman, Mariska
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: mariska.weijerman@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5468
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Data Steward

CC ID: 991932
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Weijerman, Mariska
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: mariska.weijerman@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5468
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Distributor

CC ID: 991930
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: pifsc.info@noaa.gov
Phone: 808-725-5360
URL: https://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 991933
Date Effective From: 2020
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Olenski, Brooke
Email Address: brooke.olenski@noaa.gov
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Originator

CC ID: 991934
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: pifsc.info@noaa.gov
Phone: 808-725-5360
URL: https://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Point of Contact

CC ID: 991931
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Weijerman, Mariska
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: mariska.weijerman@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5468
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Extents

Currentness Reference: model output

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

Main Hawaiian Islands in the Hawaiian Archipelago.

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 991949
W° Bound: -160.5
E° Bound: -154.806
N° Bound: 23.185
S° Bound: 18.919
Description

Main Hawaiian Islands (MHI), including the inhabited islands of Hawaii, Kauai, Maui, Oahu, Molokai, Niihau, and Lanai, and Kahoolawe, southwest off Maui

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 991951
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 1995
End: 2019
Description:

Benthic and coral reef fish surveys conducted by PIFSC RAMP cruises, recreational fishery data from MRIP, commercial fishery data administered by WPacFIN, bottomfish fishery-dependent and independent data from PIFSC, and sea turtle and monk seal data from the PIFSC. For each data source we used 1995-2019 time series or the longest time series available.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 991947
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2000
End: 2019
Description:

Hindcast model output for 2000 to 2019

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 991948
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2020
End: 2040
Description:

Forecast model output for 2020-2040

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

NOAA Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

ESD welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. ESD has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with ESD principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by ESD, proper acknowledgement of both ESD and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, ESD requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the ESD Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example citation:

"This publication makes use of data products provided by the Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP). The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors.”

Data Access Procedure:

Model input and output data can currently be obtained by the author, and are available from the publication in ICES Journal of Marine Science:

Title: Data from: Weijerman M, Oyafuso ZS, Leong KM, Oleson KLL, Winston M. 2020. Supporting Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management in meeting multiple objectives for sustainable use of coral reef ecosystems. ICES J Mar Sci.:13.

Journal: ICES Journal of Marine Science

Journal manuscript number: https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsaa194.

The biological diver survey data can be obtained from the Ecosystem Sciences Division at PIFSC

The MRIP and commercial fisheries data requires a written confidentiality agreement which can be obtained from the Fisheries Research and Monitoring Division at PIFSC.

The monk seal data can be obtained from the Protected Species Division at PIFSC.

All other data was derived from published reports or articles.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please cite the publication (Weijerman M, Oyafuso ZS, Leong KM, Oleson KLL, Winston M. 2020. Supporting Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management in meeting multiple objectives for sustainable use of coral reef ecosystems. ICES J Mar Sci.:13. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsaa194.) when using any of the data.

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 1071504
Start Date: 2021
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240824
Distributor: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) (2019 - Present)
File Name: Output by fleet
Description:

Output data for the Main Hawaiian Islands Ecopath with Ecopath (EwE) modeling project. These data are the results of the EwE model output and were used to create the figures in the publication. The rows represent the alternative scenarios per fleet. The columns are the start, end, and change in catch, value and cost. per fleet.

File Type: .csv
File Size: 6KB

Distribution 2

CC ID: 1071505
Start Date: 2021
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240824
Distributor: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) (2019 - Present)
File Name: Output by functional groups
Description:

Output data for the Main Hawaiian Islands Ecopath with Ecopath (EwE) modeling project. These data are the results of the EwE model output and were used to create the figures in the publication. This file gives the output per functional group; and The rows represent the alternative scenarios for functional groups. The columns are the start, end and change in biomass, catch and value.

File Type: .csv
File Size: 31KB

Distribution 3

CC ID: 1071506
Start Date: 2021
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240824
Distributor: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) (2019 - Present)
File Name: Output by monthly time step
Description:

Output data for the Main Hawaiian Islands Ecopath with Ecopath (EwE) modeling project. These data are the results of the EwE model output and were used to create the figures in the publication. This file has output calculated per monthly time step over the entire duration of the model simulation. The rows represent the alternative scenarios. The columns show the time (in number of months since start), an ID number ("FIB"), the trophic level of the catch, the total catch and a diversity index value ("KemptonsQ").

File Type: csv
File Size: 136KB

Distribution 4

CC ID: 991936
Start Date: 2021
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240824
Distributor: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) (2019 - Present)
File Name: Table1-FunctionalGroups
Description:

Input data for Main Hawaiian Islands Ecopath with Ecosim modeling project. These data include Tables 1 to 5.

Table 1: Functional groups and example species

File Type: .csv

Distribution 5

CC ID: 1071495
Start Date: 2021
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240824
Distributor: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) (2019 - Present)
File Name: Table2-VitalRates
Description:

Table 2: Basic vital rate estimates for each functional group. For each functional group it includes the trophic level, biomass (t/km2), the production to biomass ratio (per year), consumption to biomass ration (per year), the ecotrophic efficiency (unitless) and the production to consumption ratio

File Type: .csv

Distribution 6

CC ID: 1071496
Start Date: 2021
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240824
Distributor: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) (2019 - Present)
File Name: Table3-Fisheries
Description:

Table 3: Catches per fishery and gear type. For each functional group the table has a value of the annual catches in t/km2.

File Type: .csv

Distribution 7

CC ID: 1071497
Start Date: 2021
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240824
Distributor: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) (2019 - Present)
File Name: Table4-Diet
Description:

Table 4: Diet matrix. Each row is a prey group and each column is a predator. The values in the matrix are the proportions of prey items in the diet of the predator.

File Type: .csv

Distribution 8

CC ID: 1071498
Start Date: 2021
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0240824
Distributor: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) (2019 - Present)
File Name: Table5-Vulnerabilities
Description:

Table 5: Vulnerability Matrix. Each row represents a prey group and each column a predator group. The values represent the vulnerability of that prey group to the predator. A high value represents a top-down control and a low value represents a bottom-up control.

File Type: .csv

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 991938
URL: http://ecopath.org
Name: EwE
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: HTML
Description:

Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) ecological/ecosystem modeling software website.

URL 2

CC ID: 1078405
URL: https://academic.oup.com/icesjms/advance-article/doi/10.1093/icesjms/fsaa194/5999229
Name: Supporting Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management in meeting multiple objectives for sustainable use of coral reef ecosystems
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: html
Description:

Relevant larger work citation

Technical Environment

Description:

Model input and outputs (Excel files) were generated using Ecopath with Ecosim version 6.5.14040.0

Data Quality

Representativeness:

Model output data provide a range of potential forecast scenarios based on the available data and should not be used for tactical management

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Model dynamics were validated with a hindcast simulation (1995-2019). Reconstructed linear catch time series per gear type from 1995 and 2019 were loaded into Ecosim for validation and to fine-tune the model by adjusting fishing effort and so minimize the residuals between predicted and observed fish biomass and fish landings temporal data points using a least-square fitting criterion.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

Model data is stored on an external hard drive and backed up to a server at PIFSC weekly by the data steward. Data on the PIFSC server are managed by NOAA IRC and NOAA Fisheries ITS.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

Input data was collected for the Ecopath with Ecosim model (EwE) from various programs at PIFSC such as the RAMP surveys, the bottomfish surveys and stock assessments, and underwater camera surveys conducted by PIFSC, the University of Hawaii Hawaii Underwater Research Lab (HURL) and the Department of Oceanography Drazen Lab. Vital rates and diet came mostly from Weijerman et al (2013) and other literature. The model output data are generated with the EwE model. All steps are available in Weijerman et al (2020) ICES Journal of Marine Science

Sources

Weijerman M, Fulton EA, Parrish FA (2013) Comparison of Coral Reef Ecosystems along a Fishing Pressure Gradient. PLoS ONE 8(5): e63797. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063797

CC ID: 991945
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, PIFSC
Publish Date: 2013-05-01
Citation URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0063797
Source Contribution:

Vital rates and diet data came from Weijerman et al 2013

Weijerman M, Grüss A, Dove D, Asher J, Williams ID, Kelley C, Drazen JC. 2019. Shining a light on the composition and distribution patterns of mesophotic and subphotic fish communities in Hawai’i. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. 630:161–182. doi:10.3354/meps13135.

CC ID: 992097
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: Mariska Weijerman
Publish Date: 2019-11-07
Citation URL: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13135

Weijerman M, Leong KM, Wongbusarakum S. 2019. Second Hawaiʻi Atlantis Ecosystem Model Planning Workshop; Where is the S in EBFM?. NOAA Admin Rep. H-19-05, 36 p. doi:10.25923/bfwa-7084

CC ID: 992098
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: Mariska Weijerman
Publish Date: 2019-08-01
Citation URL: https://repository.library.noaa.gov/view/noaa/21425

Weijerman M, Oyafuso ZS, Leong KM, Oleson KLL, Winston M. 2020. Supporting Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management in meeting multiple objectives for sustainable use of coral reef ecosystems. ICES J Mar Sci.:13. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsaa194.

CC ID: 991943
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: Weijerman, Mariska
Publish Date: 2020-11-27
Citation URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsaa194
Citation URL Name: ICES Journal of Marine Science
Citation URL Description:

Relevant larger work citation; includes the data represented here.

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 1078412
Description:

Input data was collected for the Ecopath with Ecosim model (EwE) from various programs at PIFSC such as the RAMP surveys, the bottomfish surveys and stock assessments, and underwater camera surveys conducted by PIFSC, the University of Hawaii Hawaii Underwater Research Lab (HURL) and the Department of Oceanography Drazen Lab. Vital rates and diet came mostly from Weijerman et al (2013) and other literature. The model output data are generated with the EwE model. All steps are available in Weijerman et al (2020) ICES Journal of Marine Science

Process Contact: Weijerman, Mariska
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5468
Email Address: mariska.weijerman@noaa.gov

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity MHI_Model_Input_DATADICTIONARY
Entity MHI_Model_Output_DATADICTIONARY

Related Items

Item Type Relationship Type Title
Data Set (DS) Larger Work Citation Management-Strategy Evaluation of the Main Hawaiian Islands with the Atlantis Ecosystem Model: hind-cast simulations and ecosystem forecasting under climate scenarios

The related item is an Atlantis model using the same input data as the EwE model so can be used to address structural uncertainty

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 63158
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:63158
Metadata Record Created By: Mariska Weijerman
Metadata Record Created: 2020-10-31 01:06+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Sarah Kunkel
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-10-27 00:51+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2021-08-10
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2021-08-10
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2022-08-10