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Physical Location
Data Set Info
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Distribution Info
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Data Management
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Related Items
Catalog Details

Summary

Short Citation
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2024: Benthic surveys along a water quality gradient in Aua, American Samoa: benthic images collected during belt transect surveys in 2022, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/67994.
Full Citation Examples

Abstract

This metadata record describes the imagery collected in 2022 of Aua Reef, American Samoa by the Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) of NOAA, funded by the Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP), to study effects of land-based source pollution by establishing biological, physical, and chemical baselines.

In September 2022, NOAA scientists conducted benthic survey protocols at 18 study sites in Aua, American Samoa. The surveys implemented a one-stage stratified random sampling (StRS) design and the survey domain encompassed the majority of the mapped area of reef and hard bottom habitats in the 0 to 6 m depth range. Photoquadrat benthic images were collected along belt transect surveys of coral demography according to protocols established by NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) in 2015.

Thirty images were collected along one, haphazardly laid, 30-m transects. Still photographs were collected to record the benthic community composition at predetermined points along belt transect with a high-resolution digital camera mounted on a pole. Photographs were taken every 1 m from the 1 m to the 30 m mark. This work generates 30 photographs per site, which are later analyzed by ESD staff and partners using the computer program CoralNet. This analysis is the basis for estimating benthic cover and composition at each site, which is documented and archived separately.

The StRS design effectively reduces estimate variance through stratification using environmental covariates and by sampling more sites rather than more transects per site. Therefore, site-to-site comparisons should proceed with caution.

Distribution Information

  • CSV - Comma Separated Values (Text)

    List of survey sites, including site id, location (latitude/longitude), and survey date, where photoquads were collected.

  • JPEG, 5.14 GB

    Photoquadrat benthic images collected in 2022 at 18 randomly selected sites (30 photos per site) in Aua, Tutuila, American Samoa via belt transect surveys of coral demography by the NOAA Ecosystem Sciences Division , Archipelagic Research Program (ESD, ARP).

Access Constraints:

None

Use Constraints:

Please cite NOAA Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) when using the data.

Example

Cite as: Vargas-Angel, Bernardo; Ecosystem Sciences Division; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2022). Benthic Surveys in Aua, American Samoa: benthic photoquadrat images collected during belt transect surveys 2022. [access date]

Controlled Theme Keywords

biota

Child Items

Type Title
Entity ESD_SiteInfo_DataDictionary_Aua_2022

Contact Information

Point of Contact
Bernardo Vargas-Angel
bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
(808)725-5423

Metadata Contact
Lori H Luers
lori.luers@noaa.gov

Extents

Geographic Area 1

-170.669° W, -170.665° E, -14.2717° N, -14.2881° S

September 2022 fly-in mission to American Samoa (MP2206), location and date range of Rapid Ecological Assessment (REA) surveys at stratified-random Sites (StRS) on Aua reef.

Time Frame 1
2022-09-12 - 2022-09-22

Time frame of surveys in which benthic photoquadrat images were collected of Aua Reef in 2022

Item Identification

Title: Benthic surveys along a water quality gradient in Aua, American Samoa: benthic images collected during belt transect surveys in 2022
Status: On Going
Creation Date: 2022-10
Abstract:

This metadata record describes the imagery collected in 2022 of Aua Reef, American Samoa by the Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) of NOAA, funded by the Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP), to study effects of land-based source pollution by establishing biological, physical, and chemical baselines.

In September 2022, NOAA scientists conducted benthic survey protocols at 18 study sites in Aua, American Samoa. The surveys implemented a one-stage stratified random sampling (StRS) design and the survey domain encompassed the majority of the mapped area of reef and hard bottom habitats in the 0 to 6 m depth range. Photoquadrat benthic images were collected along belt transect surveys of coral demography according to protocols established by NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) in 2015.

Thirty images were collected along one, haphazardly laid, 30-m transects. Still photographs were collected to record the benthic community composition at predetermined points along belt transect with a high-resolution digital camera mounted on a pole. Photographs were taken every 1 m from the 1 m to the 30 m mark. This work generates 30 photographs per site, which are later analyzed by ESD staff and partners using the computer program CoralNet. This analysis is the basis for estimating benthic cover and composition at each site, which is documented and archived separately.

The StRS design effectively reduces estimate variance through stratification using environmental covariates and by sampling more sites rather than more transects per site. Therefore, site-to-site comparisons should proceed with caution.

Purpose:

The focal point of this project was to establish a biological, water quality, and carbonate chemistry baseline for Aua reef. This work aims at identifying measurable spatial differences in the structure and composition of the benthic and coral community at Aua that can be explained by measurable spatial patterns of water quality (nutrients and sediments) and water carbonate chemistry (pH and Alkalinity). This work is of fundamental importance for the development of the Aua Watershed Management Plan, and will enable Federal and jurisdictional resource managers to more effectively assess the effectiveness of watershed management actions reducing land-based pollution and impacts to the adjacent coral reef ecosystems.

The imagery described in this metadata record is the source imagery analyzed to produce benthic cover data, which is archived and documented separately (see 'Related Items' below)

Supplemental Information:

This baseline assessment for land-based sources of pollution on Aua reef is part of a larger Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) funded project ID 31303: "Linking watershed management activities to reef health in American Samoa", and builds upon prior baseline and status and trends assessments conducted in 2012, 2015, and 2020 in Faga'alu Bay (U.S. Task Force watershed priority site) and Vatia (Territorial priority watershed) to address National and Jurisdictional goals to reduce land-based sources of pollution impacts in coral reef ecosystems. See 'Related Items' for links to metadata records imagery of those missions.

Data was generated from benthic surveys of Aua reef to establish a comprehensive biological baseline, for land-based sources of pollution impacts on benthic composition and coral demographics. These efforts feed into the higher-level CRCP objectives by establishing an in-situ tracking system to assess the effects of management and mitigation strategies and activities in the target watersheds to reduce land-based sources of pollution impacts on coral reefs.

Conductivity-Temperature-Depth (CTD) profiles as well as water samples were also collected as part of this baseline assessment for the analysis of particulate and dissolved nutrients, total suspended solids, chlorophyll-a, and seawater pH and Alkalinity. These data are documented and archived separately (see 'Related Items' below).

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
ISO 19115 Topic Category
biota
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Visual Images > Habitats
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Baseline studies
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > In Situ Biological
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Benthic biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral Communities
CRCP Project 31303
CRCP Project Linking watershed management actions to reef health in American Samoa
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS PHOTOQUADRAT IMAGES
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS camera
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS imagery
NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS chartered vessel
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Coral Reef Conservation Program
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS CORAL REEF STUDIES
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; Ecosystem Sciences Division
None Archipelagic Research Program
None CRCP
None Ecosystem Sciences Division
None ESD
None land-based source pollution
None LBSP
None Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
None PIFSC

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > Tutuila Island > Aua (14S170W0028)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Tutuila Island > Aua (14S170W0028)
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS South Pacific Ocean
None Aua

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: JPG Files
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Image (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

Raw data include 30 benthic photographs per survey site (some survey sites may have less than 30 images). Included in the archive package is a list of survey sites, including site id, location (latitude/longitude), and survey date, where photoquads were collected. The file naming convention for each photo/image is [SITE]_[YEAR]_[TRANSECT]_[PHOTO_NUMBER].JPG (for example: TUT-903_2012_A_01.JPG).

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/68058
Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Data Set Credit: PIFSC, Ecosystem Sciences Division, Archipelagic Research Program and funded by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 1186534
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Distributor

CC ID: 1186539
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 1186540
Date Effective From: 2021
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Luers, Lori H
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: lori.luers@noaa.gov

Originator

CC ID: 1186533
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP)
Address: 1305 East West Highway 10th Floor
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
Phone: (301) 713-3155
URL: https://coralreef.noaa.gov
Contact Instructions:

Funders

Originator

CC ID: 1186537
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: pifsc.info@noaa.gov
Phone: 808-725-5360
URL: https://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Point of Contact

CC ID: 1186538
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

View Historical Support Roles

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

Aua reef, Tutuila, American Samoa

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 1186561
W° Bound: -170.669
E° Bound: -170.665
N° Bound: -14.2717
S° Bound: -14.2881
Description

September 2022 fly-in mission to American Samoa (MP2206), location and date range of Rapid Ecological Assessment (REA) surveys at stratified-random Sites (StRS) on Aua reef.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 1186559
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2022-09-12
End: 2022-09-22
Description:

Time frame of surveys in which benthic photoquadrat images were collected of Aua Reef in 2022

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

The ESD welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. The ESD has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with ESD principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by ESD, proper acknowledgement of both ESD and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, ESD requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the ESD Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example citation:

"This publication makes use of data products provided by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP). The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors."

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive, link in the Distribution Information.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please cite NOAA Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) when using the data.

Example

Cite as: Vargas-Angel, Bernardo; Ecosystem Sciences Division; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2022). Benthic Surveys in Aua, American Samoa: benthic photoquadrat images collected during belt transect surveys 2022. [access date]

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 1186542
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0270551
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: ESD_SiteInfo_Aua_StRS_2022.csv
Description:

List of survey sites, including site id, location (latitude/longitude), and survey date, where photoquads were collected.

File Date/Time: 2022-12-31 00:00:00
File Type (Deprecated): csv (comma-separated values)
Distribution Format: CSV - Comma Separated Values (Text)

Distribution 2

CC ID: 1186541
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0270551
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: MP2206_Aua_StRS_images
Description:

Photoquadrat benthic images collected in 2022 at 18 randomly selected sites (30 photos per site) in Aua, Tutuila, American Samoa via belt transect surveys of coral demography by the NOAA Ecosystem Sciences Division , Archipelagic Research Program (ESD, ARP).

File Type (Deprecated): JPG
Distribution Format: JPEG
File Size: 5.14 GB

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 1186547
URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/pacific-islands/ecosystems/coral-reefs-pacific
Name: PIFSC ESD: Coral Reefs in the Pacific
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

Overview of NOAA Ecosystem Sciences Division, Archipelagic Research Program's methods to assess corals.

URL 2

CC ID: 1189006
URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/region/pacific-islands#science
Name: PIFSC website
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

Overview of research and programs at the Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)

URL 3

CC ID: 1235413
URL: https://coralreef.noaa.gov/issues/lbsp.html
Name: NOAA CRCP Land-based Sources of Pollution
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: HTML
Description:

NOAA CRCP page 'Reduce Land-Based Sources of Pollution'; includes other related links

Technical Environment

Description:

PIFSC network/file system:

T:\Cruise\CruiseData\MP2206\Optical\TUT\REA\BENTHIC

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Handheld GPS units were used to locate random sites and mark site locations. Images captured from the camera may not contain a clear depiction of the benthos due to a number of confounding factors, including the angle of the camera lens in relation to the benthos, the distance between the camera lens and the benthos, and water turbidity.

Analytical Accuracy:

Image data include 30 benthic photographs per survey site. Appropriate site level image grouping should include all 30 images.

Bias:

Not applicable

Comparability:

Site GPS location and depth are appropriately collected to allow spatiotemporal comparisons.

Completeness Measure:

Complete; photoquads were taken at all sites surveyed. On occasions instrument malfunction or sea conditions may preclude the collection of 30 benthic images per site.

Completeness Report:

Hard bottom habitats including backreef, reef flat, and forereef were surveyed.

Only shallow water (0 to 30 meter depth range) hard-bottom habitats are surveyed. The survey sites were randomly selected using a systematic process based on available habitat and bathymetric data. Although efforts are made to include broad spatial coverage of surveys at each island, weather conditions and other environmental constraints may have prevented the team from surveying exposed reef areas.

Conceptual Consistency:

The same methods of data collection were used at each surveyed site.

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Instrumentation and camera setting are updated periodically to improve image quality. The photos are reviewed by the diver for accuracy and usability. The data management team also uses a optical validation script to re-name photos and enforce several validation checks. Images are color corrected prior to analysis.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

NOAA IRC and NOAA Fisheries ITS resources and assets.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

Benthic photographs were collected during belt transect surveys of corals by the NOAA Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) following the same protocol to that established by the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Plan (NCRMP).

BV ADD / MENTION THE COMPLEMENTARY IMAGERY / SITES COLLECTED AND HOW THEY WERE SELECTED

Sources

Ecosystem Sciences Division Standard Operating Procedures: Data Collection for Rapid Ecological Assessment Benthic Surveys, 2019 Update

CC ID: 1186554
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
Citation URL: https://repository.library.noaa.gov/view/noaa/23951
Citation URL Name: NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-PIFSC ; 96
Citation URL Description:

Winston W, Couch C, Huntingon B, Vargas-Ángel B. 2020. Ecosystem Sciences Division standard operating procedures: data collection for rapid ecological assessment benthic surveys,2019 update. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-PIFSC-96, 56 p

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 1186557
Description:

Biological surveys implemented a modified stratified random sampling design to assess the survey domain which encompassed the hard-bottom reef habitat of Aua from 0 to 6 m in depth, and between the Aua stream mouth to the Onesosopo Park. Based on the nature and scientific questions addressed in this study, the survey domain was divided into three categorical LBSP impact sectors (15-20 Ha each) based on their distance from the source of disturbance as follows: High Impact, Medium Impact, and Low impact. Subsequently a digital map of the survey domain was overlaid with a 50 m x 50 m (2500 m2 in area) GIS layer, and grid cells containing hard-bottom reef habitat were designated as the sampling units, hereafter referred to as survey sites. Depending on the number of 50 m x 50 m grid cells fitting within, four to eight randomly selected survey sites were allocated within each categorical impact sectors.

One, haphazardly laid, 30-m belt-transect was the focal point of the photoquadrat survey. Still photographs were collected to record the benthic community composition with a high-resolution digital camera mounted on a pole. Thirty photographs were taken every meter from the 1 m to the 30 m mark. This work generates 30 photographs per site, which are later analyzed by ESD staff and partners using the computer program CoralNet.

Survey protocols followed the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program methodologies historically implemented by NOAA's Ecosystem Sciences Division.

Process Contact: Winston, Morgan S
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5480
Email Address: morgan.winston@noaa.gov

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity ESD_SiteInfo_DataDictionary_Aua_2022

Related Items

Item Type Relationship Type Title
Data Set (DS) Series Benthic Surveys in Faga'alu, American Samoa since 2012: benthic images collected during belt transect surveys in 2012, 2015, 2020

The same style of surveys done previously in Faga'alu, also part of the same CRCP Land-based- source pollution project.

Data Set (DS) Series Benthic Surveys in Vatia, American Samoa since 2015: benthic images collected during belt transect surveys in 2015 and 2020

The same style of surveys done previously in Vatia, also part of the same CRCP Land-based- source pollution project.

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference Benthic surveys along a water quality gradient in Aua, American Samoa: benthic cover derived from analysis of benthic images collected in 2022

Benthic cover data produced from analysis of photoquad images collected in Aua 2022.

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference Benthic surveys along a water quality gradient in Aua, American Samoa: comprehensive assessment of coral demography (adult and juvenile corals) from belt transect surveys in 2022
Data Set (DS) Cross Reference Nutrient and water chemistry data of Aua Reef in American Samoa from samples collected along a water quality gradient between 2022-09-13 to 2022-09-23

InPort metadata record for water samples taken during the same mission, MP2206.

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference Shallow Water Conductivity-Temperature-Depth (CTD) Profiles along a water quality gradient in Aua, American Samoa from 2022-09-13 to 2022-09-23

InPort metadata record for CTD data also taken at same sites as the photoquads, during MP2206.

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 67994
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:67994
Metadata Record Created By: Lori H Luers
Metadata Record Created: 2022-10-05 23:18+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2023-10-17 16:12+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2023-01-03
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2022-08-26
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2023-08-26