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Short Citation:
Southeast Fisheries Science Center, 2022: Abundance and behavior of parrotfishes (Labridae, Scarinae) in the upper Florida Keys, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/24177.

Item Identification

Title: Abundance and behavior of parrotfishes (Labridae, Scarinae) in the upper Florida Keys
Short Name: Abundance and behavior of parrotfishes: Florida Keys
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2015
Abstract:

To better understand the functional roles of parrotfishes on Caribbean reefs we documented abundance, habitat preferences, and diets of nine species of parrotfishes (Scarus coelestinus, Scarus coeruleus, Scarus guacamaia, Scarus taeniopterus, Scarus vetula, Sparisoma aurofrenatum, Sparisoma chrysopterum, Sparisoma rubripinne, Sparisoma viride) on three high-relief spur-and-groove reefs (Molasses, Carysfort, and Elbow) offshore of Key Largo in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. On each reef, we conducted fish surveys, behavioral observations, and benthic surveys in three habitat types: high-relief spur and groove (depth 2 - 6 m), low-relief carbonate platform/hardbottom (depth 4 - 12 m), and carbonate boulder/rubble fields (depth 4 - 9 m).In addition, fish surveys were also conducted on a fourth high-relief spur-and-groove reef (French). We estimated parrotfish abundance in each of the three habitat types in order to assess the relative abundance and biomass of different species and to quantify differences in habitat selection. To estimate parrotfish density, we conducted 20 to 30 minute timed swims while towing a GPS receiver on a float on the surface to calculate the amount of area sampled. During a swim the observer would swim parallel with the habitat type being sampled and count and estimate the size to the nearest cm of all parrotfishes > 15 cm in length that were encountered in a 5 m wide swath. To quantify parrotfish behavior, approximately six individuals of each species were observed at each site for 20 min each. Foraging behavior was recorded by a SCUBA diver while towing a GPS receiver (Garmin GPS 72) attached to a surface float, which obtained position fixes of the focal fish at 15 s intervals. Fish were followed from a close distance (~ 2 m when possible), and food items were identified to the lowest taxonomic level possible, with macroalgae and coral usually identified to genus or species. Many bites involved scraping or excavating substrate colonized by a multi-species assemblage of filamentous "turf" algae and crustose coralline algae (CCA). Thus, multiple species of filamentous algae, endolithic algae, and CCA could be harvested in a single bite, and it was impossible to determine the specific species of algae targeted. We also recorded the type of substrate targeted during each foraging bout, categorizing each substrate as one of the following: (1) dead coral, (2) coral pavement, (3) boulder, (4) rubble, or (5) ledge. Dead coral included both convex and concave surfaces on the vertical and horizontal planes of three dimensional coral skeletons (primarily dead Acropora palmata) that were attached to reef substrate. Coral pavement was carbonate reef with little topographic complexity (i.e., flat limestone pavement). Boulder was large remnants of dead mounding corals not clearly attached to the bottom and often partially buried in sand. Coral rubble consisted of small dead coral fragments (generally < 10 cm in any dimension) that could be moved with minimal force. Ledges consisted entirely of the undercut sides of large spurs in the high-relief spur and groove habitat. In order to quantify the relative abundance of different food types, we estimated the percent cover of algae, coral, and other sessile invertebrates on each of the five substrates commonly targeted by parrotfishes (dead coral, coral pavement, boulder, rubble, or ledge) in 0.5 m x 0.5 m photoquadrats. We photographed a total of 8 haphazardly selected quadrats dispersed throughout the study site for each substrate type at each of the three sites (N = 24 quadrats per substrate type, N = 120 quadrats total). Each photoquadrat was divided into sixteen 12 cm x 12 cm sections which were individually photographed, and percent cover was estimated from 9 stratified random points per section (N = 144 point per quadrat).

Purpose:

To document patterns of resource-use of Caribbean parrotfishes

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES > COASTAL LANDFORMS > CORAL REEFS
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Numeric Data Sets > Biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Dominance > Keystone Species
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Herbivory
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Predation > Coral Predation
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Algal Cover
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Calcareous Macroalgae
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Coralline Algae
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Crustose Coralline Algae
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Encrusting Macroalgae
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Fleshy Macroalgae
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Turf Algae
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Fish
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Fish > Fish Assemblages
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Fish > Fish Behavior
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Fish > Fishing
CRCP Project 182
CRCP Project The Importance of Parrotfish (fam. Scaridae) on the Maintenance and Recovery of Coral-Dominated Reefs
ISO 19115 Topic Category 002
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER 0127525
NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER 127525
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES University of California - Santa Barbara
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Southeast Fisheries Science Center
NODC PROJECT NAMES Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP)
NODC PROJECT NAMES Coral Reef Information System (CoRIS)
NODC PROJECT NAMES CORAL REEF STUDIES
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES University of California - Santa Barbara
WMO_CategoryCode Oceanography
None Scarus coelestinus
None Scarus coeruleus
None Scarus guacamaia
None Scarus taeniopterus
None Scarus vetula
None Sparisoma aurofrenatum
None Sparisoma chrysopterum
None Sparisoma rubripinne
None Sparisoma viride

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Florida > Monroe County > Carysfort Reef (25N080W0013)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Florida > Monroe County > Elbow Reef (25N080W0020)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Florida > Monroe County > French Reef (25N080W0022)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Florida > Monroe County > Key Largo (25N080W0010)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Florida > Monroe County > Molasses Reef (25N080W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean > Florida Reef Tract > Upper Florida Keys > Carysfort Reef (25N080W0013)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean > Florida Reef Tract > Upper Florida Keys > Elbow Reef (25N080W0020)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean > Florida Reef Tract > Upper Florida Keys > French Reef (25N080W0022)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean > Florida Reef Tract > Upper Florida Keys > Key Largo (25N080W0010)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean > Florida Reef Tract > Upper Florida Keys > Molasses Reef (25N080W0003)
NODC SEA AREA NAMES Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary

Instrument Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
Global Change Master VISUAL OBSERVATIONS
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords CAMERA
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES swimmer/diver
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES camera
NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES visual observation

Physical Location

Organization: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Detail URL: http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/archive/arc0075/0127525/1.1/data/0-data/Data%20archiving%20files/Data_documentation/Data_dictionary.csv
Distribution Liability:

NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NMFS cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.

Data Set Credit: Dataset credit required. Thomas Adam should be acknowledged as the creator of the dataset

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 810152
Date Effective From: 2017
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Williams, Dana E
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33149
Unites States
Email Address: dana.williams@noaa.gov
Phone: 305-767-3262
URL: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Dana_Williams3

Distributor

CC ID: 289369
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 810153
Date Effective From: 2017
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Williams, Dana E
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33149
Unites States
Email Address: dana.williams@noaa.gov
Phone: 305-767-3262
URL: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Dana_Williams3

Originator

CC ID: 194912
Date Effective From: 2015
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC)
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33149
USA
Phone: (305)361-5761
URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/about/southeast-fisheries-science-center
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. EST
View Historical Support Roles

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 194911
W° Bound: -80.38
E° Bound: -80.21
N° Bound: 25.22
S° Bound: 25
Description

Molasses, Carysfort, and Elbow reefs offshore of Key Largo in the Florida Keys

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 195291
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2013-06-19
End: 2013-07-30

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Procedure:

Download from website

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Dataset credit required.

Cite as: Adam, Thomas C; Kelley, Megan; Ruttenberg, Benjamin I; Burkepile, Deron E (2015). Abundance and behavior of parrotfishes (Labridae, Scarinae) in the upper Florida Keys from 2013-06-19 to 2013-07-30 (NODC Accession 0127525). National Centers for Environmental Information, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 201425
Start Date: 2016
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/accession/download/127525
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2016 - Present)
File Name: 127525.1.1.tar.gz
Description:

Homepage Download of NCEI Accession 127525

File Type: .gz
File Size: 2.196 MB
Compression: TAR
Review Status: Chked Viruses Inapp Content

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 195293
URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps11170
Name: Mar Ecol Prog Ser 520:1-20
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

Journal article derived in part from this data set.

Adam TC, Burkepile DE, Ruttenberg BI, Paddack MJ (2015) Herbivory and the resilience of Caribbean coral reefs: knowledge gaps and implications for management. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 520:1-20

URL 2

CC ID: 340658
URL: http://data.nodc.noaa.gov/accession/0127525
Name: Home Page for NCEI Accession 0127525
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

Abundance and behavior of parrotfishes (Labridae, Scarinae) in the upper Florida Keys from 2013-06-19 to 2013-07-30 (NCEI Accession 0127525)

URL 3

CC ID: 858520
URL: https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/archive/arc0075/0127525/1.1/about/0127525_map.jpg
Name: Data Set Sampling Locations
URL Type:
Browse Graphic
Data Set Sampling Locations
File Resource Format: jpg
Description:

Sampling locations For Data Set Abundance and behavior of parrotfishes (Labridae, Scarinae) in the upper Florida Keys from 2013-06-19 to 2013-07-30 (NCEI Accession 0127525)

Data Quality

Detection Limit:

Measurements were made by human observation to the nearest cm

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Data was checked as it was entered

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: No
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: 365
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: N/A
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

Already Archived

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

Six individuals of each species were observed at each site for 20 min each. Foraging behavior was recorded by a SCUBA diver while towing a GPS receiver (Garmin GPS 72) attached to a surface float, which obtained position fixes of the focal fish at 15 s intervals. Fish were followed from a close distance (~ 2 m when possible), and food items were identified to the lowest taxonomic level possible, with macroalgae and coral usually identified to genus or species.

Acquisition Information

Instruments

Instrument 1

CC ID: 810489
Identifier: GPS (Global Positioning System)
Instrument / Gear: Instrument
Instrument Type: GPS (Global Positioning System)
Description:

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a U.S.-owned utility that provides users with positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) services. This system consists of three segments: the space segment, the control segment, and the user segment. The U.S. Air Force develops, maintains, and operates the space and control segments.

Platforms

Platform 1

CC ID: 810490
Identifier: Scuba Diver
Description:

Human who submerges themselves in the water after departing a boat and will record their own visual observations and/or may take instruments with them that will take readings while they are submerged

Mounted Instrument 1

Identifier: GPS (Global Positioning System)

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 24177
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:24177
Metadata Record Created By: Sarah A O'Connor
Metadata Record Created: 2015-03-25 09:31+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2021-11-30 16:27+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2021-10-13
Owner Org: SEFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2022-10-14