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Title: Long-term patterns of diversity and abundance in an eastern Pacific reef fish assemblage : reef fish response to coral recovery
Short Name: Long-term patterns of diversity and abundance in an eastern Pacific reef fish assemblage : reef fish response to coral recovery
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2011-05-11
Abstract:

Discerning climatic impacts from other sources of variability (natural and anthropogenic) on systems as complex as coral reef communities requires multi-decadal datasets on a wide range of species. This project examines an eastern Pacific fish assemblage associated with a 2.5 hectare coral reef located within the boundaries of Coiba National Park, Panama. From 1980 to 2010, consistent, quantitative coral reef and fish survey monitoring methods have been applied at Uva Island reef, which lies in area that has received virtually no fishing pressure or watershed development over the past 80 years. Concurrent coral and fish monitoring spanned the 1982-83 and 1997-98 El Nino (ENSO) disturbances, anomalous warming events that selectively killed reef-building corals. While no fish mortalities were observed at the time of the 1982-83 El Nino event, live coral cover was reduced to near 0% at Uva reef. From 1984 to 1990, live coral (Pocillopora spp.) cover was extremely low (< 5%), but demonstrated steady recovery to ~ 70% by 2006. By quantifying disturbance-related, long-term changes in coral reef resources and relating these to fish trophic group responses, several functional relationships became apparent. Over the entire study period, a total of 63 fish taxa were observed and reef fish density (all taxa combined) remained relatively stable. Fish diversity (taxonomic richness) increased significantly as coral cover rose from near 0% to 20-30% then demonstrated a decreasing trend to 70% cover. Reef herbivore densities showed a similar significant parabolic relationship with highest abundances at 20-30% coral cover. Benthic invertivores showed a significant asymptotic increase in density to about 10% live coral cover. Mixed diet feeders and facultative corallivores demonstrated significant linear trends with increasing coral cover, with the former trophic group decreasing and the latter increasing as recovery progressed. Piscivores and planktivores did not demonstrate significant variations in abundance with increasing coral cover. The varying responses of herbivore, invertivore, corallivore and mixed diet feeding guilds demonstrated strong associations with coral cover, likely reflecting changes in availability of trophic resources during reef recovery. Further monitoring combined with manipulative studies are clearly warranted to validate the correlative relationships revealed in the present study.

Purpose:

To evaluate climate effects on a coral reef fish community associated with a 2.5 hectare coral reef located within the boundaries of Coiba National Park, Panama.

Other Citation Details:

CRCP Project#: 20513-2010 Evaluating climate effects on a coral reef fish community: analysis of a 30-year ecological monitoring effort. Unpublished report, submitted to the Coral Reef Conservation Program, May 11, 2011.

by P.W. Glynn, J.A. Afflerbach, V.W. Brandtneris, I.C. Enochs, and J.E. Serafy

Supplemental Information:

http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/noaa_documents/CoRIS/CRCP_Project-20513-2010.pdf

.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Numeric Data Sets > Biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Reef Habitat
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Species Richness
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Habitats
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Fish
CRCP Project 20153
CRCP Project Evaluating climate effects on a coral reef fish community: analysis of a 30-year ecological monitoring effort
ISO 19115 Topic Category 002
ISO 19115 Topic Category 007
ISO 19115 Topic Category 014
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
None Fishes

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CENTRAL AMERICA > PANAMA
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN
UNCONTROLLED
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Panama > Uva > Uva Island (07N081W0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Eastern Pacific Ocean > Gulf of Chiriqui > Contreras Islands > Uva Island (07N081W0002)

Document Information

Document Type: Technical Memorandum (Tech Mem
Format: Acrobat Portable Document Format
Status Code: Final

Support Roles

Author

CC ID: 302892
Date Effective From: 2011-05
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Serafy, Joseph E
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Dr
Miami, FL 33149
Email Address: joe.serafy@noaa.gov
Phone: 305-361-4255
Fax: 305-361-4562

Distributor

CC ID: 1096196
Date Effective From: 2017
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 1096188
Start Date: 2017
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/data/oceans/coris/library/NOAA/CRCP/project/20513/20513_FR_Serafy_05_2011-1.pdf
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2017 - Present)
File Name: 20513_FR_Serafy_05_2011-1.pdf
File Type: pdf

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 381161
URL: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/coris/library/NOAA/CRCP/project/20513/20513_FR_Serafy_05_2011-1.pdf
Name: CRCP Report To Be Read Online
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: pdf
Description:

Report itself for CRCP Project#: 20513-2010 Evaluating climate effects on a coral reef fish community: analysis of a 30-year ecological monitoring effort. Unpublished report, submitted to the Coral Reef Conservation Program, May 11, 2011

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 24253
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:24253
Metadata Record Created By: Sarah A O'Connor
Metadata Record Created: 2015-04-01 10:37+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2022-08-09 17:11+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2022-04-27
Owner Org: SEFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Last Review Date: 2022-04-27
Metadata Review Frequency: 1 Year
Metadata Next Review Date: 2023-04-27