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Short Citation:
Southeast Fisheries Science Center, 2022: Baseline of the Gulf of Mexico Red Snapper Fishery 1874-1986, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/56147.

Item Identification

Title: Baseline of the Gulf of Mexico Red Snapper Fishery 1874-1986
Status: Completed
Creation Date: 2018
Revision Date: 2019
Publication Date: 2019
Abstract:

In the late 1800s and early 1900s a fishery for Red Snapper developed rapidly in the Gulf of Mexico. Shortly thereafter, recreational fishing for Red Snapper became popular wherever access was afforded to offshore waters. These developments occurred decades prior to organized collection of fishing and landings records. However, due to increasing library digital archiving, previous information regarding historical fishing conditions, landings, and size composition was available from formerly difficult to obtain reports, interviews, and particularly newspaper articles. Thirty-two newspapers from the U.S. Gulf of Mexico region were searched providing landings from 3157 fishing trips (93% commercial, 7% recreational) from the years 1874 to 1986. These records document increasing landings of Red Snapper early in the fishery with peak landings-per-trip occurring from circa 1900 to 1915 for U.S. coastal trips and from circa 1910 to 1930 for trips to Campeche Bay, Mexico. By the late 1920s to early 1930s there was evidence of fishery-impacts with reduced catches, decreased average size of Red Snapper and a shift to lower-valued species. Between the mid-1930s to 1950s, the Red Snapper commercial fishery expanded to the outer continental shelf waters off Louisiana and Texas in the northern Gulf of Mexico reaching the areal extent of the present day fishery. After World War II, technologies and exploratory surveys enabled continuing areal expansion and resulted in a period of increased landings from U.S. waters; most notably from the western Gulf of Mexico with peak landings occurring in 1971. Landings decreased through the 1970s and 1980s and reports of fishery concerns and commercial-recreational conflicts followed leading to the implementation of the Gulf of Mexico Reef Fish Management Plan in 1984.

Purpose:

EXCEL files are provided in support of this project including historical landings of Red Snapper, historical Red Snappers sizes, and historical fishing vessel information including vessel name, vessel size, propulsion, builder, port, and owner-company.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center DOC/NOAA/NMFS/SEFSC > Southeast Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC SEA AREA NAMES Coastal Waters Of Alabama
NODC SEA AREA NAMES Coastal Waters Of Louisaina
NODC SEA AREA NAMES Coastal Waters Of Mississippi
NODC SEA AREA NAMES Coastal Waters Of Texas
None Economic Data
None Fishery
None historical fishing vessel information
None History
None landings
None Lutjanus campechanus
None port
None Red Snapper
None sizes
None vessels

Temporal Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None 1874-1986

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
NODC SEA AREA NAMES Gulf of Mexico
None campeche
None Northern Gulf of Mexico

Instrument Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None handline

Platform Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
UNCONTROLLED
None commercial boat
None recreational boat

Physical Location

Organization: Southeast Fisheries Science Center
City: Miami
State/Province: FL
Country: USA
Location Description:

PARR Data Server

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: MS Excel Spreadsheet
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Document (hardcopy)

Support Roles

Co-Author

CC ID: 837570
Date Effective From: 2018
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Porch, Clay
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33149
USA
Email Address: clay.porch@noaa.gov
Phone: 305-361-4232
Fax: 305-361-4562

Data Steward

CC ID: 837572
Date Effective From: 2018
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Fitzhugh, Gary R
Address: 3500 Delwood Beach Road
Panama City, FL 32408
Email Address: gary.fitzhugh@noaa.gov
Phone: 850-234-6541 x 214
Fax: 850-235-3559

Distributor

CC ID: 837573
Date Effective From: 2018
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC)
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33149
USA
Phone: (305)361-5761
URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/about/southeast-fisheries-science-center
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. EST

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 837571
Date Effective From: 2018
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Fitzhugh, Gary R
Address: 3500 Delwood Beach Road
Panama City, FL 32408
Email Address: gary.fitzhugh@noaa.gov
Phone: 850-234-6541 x 214
Fax: 850-235-3559

Point of Contact

CC ID: 837574
Date Effective From: 2018
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Porch, Clay
Address: 75 Virginia Beach Drive
Miami, FL 33149
USA
Email Address: clay.porch@noaa.gov
Phone: 305-361-4232
Fax: 305-361-4562

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 837578
Description

Northern Gulf Of Mexico

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 837579
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 1873
End: 1987

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Policy:

Open to everyone

Data Access Procedure:

Download from provided link

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please Cite Appropriately

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

Please Cite Appropriately

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 842015
Start Date: 2019
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://grunt.sefsc.noaa.gov/parr/56147.zip
Distributor: Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC) (2018 - Present)
File Name: 56147.zip
Description:

File is in the process of being finalized

File Type: Zip
Compression: Zip
Review Status: Chked Viruses Inapp Content

Technical Environment

Description:

EXCEL v2010 data files

Data Quality

Bias:

Some of the numbers reported seem to have been rounded

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 56147
GUID: gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:56147
Metadata Record Created By: Lee M Weinberger
Metadata Record Created: 2019-04-30 14:28+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Lee M Weinberger
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2021-10-22 02:10+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2021-10-22
Owner Org: SEFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2022-10-23