Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2021: Coral Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change in the U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/59258.

Item Identification

Title: Coral Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change in the U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands
Short Name: Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change
Status: Completed
Creation Date: 2020-05
Revision Date: 2020-06-11
Publication Date: 2020
Abstract:

This dataset results from an analysis of exposure, resilience, and social vulnerability to climate change threats for the coral reefs of the U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands. Standard methodologies were applied to assess ecological resilience and social vulnerability of communities surveyed by the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) in the Pacific. The analysis focuses primarily on increases in ocean temperatures and the impact of coral bleaching on the U.S.'s Pacific coral reefs and the communities that depend on them. Findings from the analysis are presented in a publication series, Coral Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change, for the main Hawaiian Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

The coral reef resilience indices include 7 ecological factors and temperature variability. The ecological data were derived from NCRMP datasets from 2013 to 2015---including coral demographic surveys (coral diversity, coral disease, juvenile coral density, bleaching resistant corals), reef fish surveys (herbivorous fish biomass, fishing depletion), and photoquadrat surveys (macroalgal cover)---with factor selection and calculation following McClanahan et al. (2012) and Maynard et al. (2015). Temperature variability data are from Heron et al. (2016). The 8 factors were normalized and combined to derive total resilience, bleaching resistance, coral competitiveness and other stressors. All social vulnerability data were derived from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS), analyzed following Kleiber et al. (2018). Social vulnerability indices include housing characteristics, labor force, personal disruption, population composition, and poverty. Exposure data presented in the publication series are directly from van Hooidonk et al. (2016) and are not included with this dataset.

The geographic data file to plot the ecological data generated from the analysis are included with this dataset. The social data can be plotted using the TIGER Line shapefiles for county subdivisions from the U.S. Census Bureau.

Purpose:

To use existing data to inform resilience-based management of the coral reef areas of U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands.

Other Citation Details:

Four publications resulted from this analysis:

1. Thomas A. Oliver, Danika Kleiber, Justin Hospital, Jeffrey Maynard, Dieter Tracey. Coral Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change: Main Hawaiian Islands. Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, PIFSC Special Publication, SP-20-002a. 6 p. https://doi.org/10.25923/5xhp-5k12

2. Thomas A. Oliver, Danika Kleiber, Justin Hospital, Jeffrey Maynard, Dieter Tracey. Coral Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change: Guam. Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, PIFSC Special Publication, SP-20-002b. 6 p. https://doi.org/10.25923/mpdz-jm19#

3. Thomas A. Oliver, Danika Kleiber, Justin Hospital, Jeffrey Maynard, Dieter Tracey. Coral Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, PIFSC Special Publication, SP-20-002c. 6 p. https://doi.org/10.25923/sn8p-4z44

4. Thomas A. Oliver, Danika Kleiber, Justin Hospital, Jeffrey Maynard, Dieter Tracey. Coral Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change: American Samoa. Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, PIFSC Special Publication, SP-20-002d. 6 p. https://doi.org/10.25923/t9tm-pa91

Supplemental Information:

This project aimed to make use of NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) and U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey data to inform jurisdictional managers about the resilience potential/vulnerabilty of their social-ecological systems.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Numeric Data Sets > Biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Reef Habitat
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral reef ecology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Fish > Fish Assemblages
CRCP Project 30174
CRCP Project Climate Change Vulnerability Analysis for US Pacific Reefs - Integrating Exposure, Resilience, and Social Adaptive Capacity
ISO 19115 Topic Category 002
ISO 19115 Topic Category 016
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category society
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS CORAL - SPECIES IDENTIFICATION
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS FISH - CORAL REEF
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS FISH BIOMASS
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS LATITUDE
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS LONGITUDE
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS MACROALGAE
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS REEF AND/OR BOTTOM REGIME - PERCENT COVER
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS WATER TEMPERATURE
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS in situ
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS derived products
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS GIS product
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS satellite data
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey - coral reef
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey – swimmer/diver
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Coral Reef Conservation Program
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS CORAL REEF STUDIES
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; Ecosystem Sciences Division
None Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
None PIFSC

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Aguihan > Aguihan Island (Aguijan) (14N145E0006)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Alamagan Island > Alamagan Island (17N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Asuncion Island > Asuncion Island (19N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Farallon de Pajaros > Farallon de Pajaros (20N144E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Guguan > Guguan Island (17N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Maug > Maug Island (20N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Northern Mariana Islands > Northern Mariana Islands ( CNMI ) (18N146E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Pagan > Pagan Island (18N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Rota > Rota Island ( Luta ) (14N145E0007)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Saipan > Saipan Island (15N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Sarigan Island > Sarigan Island (16N145E0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Tinian > Tinian Island (14N145E0005)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > American Samoa (14S170W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Manu'a Islands (14S170W0038)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Rose Atoll (14S168W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Swains Atoll (11S171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ta'u Island (14S169W0012)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Guam > Guam (13N144E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > French Frigate Shoals (24N166W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Laysan Island (25N171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Lisianski Island (25N173W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Maro Reef (25N170W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Midway Atoll (28N177W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (28N178W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Oahu (21N157W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Kauai > Niihau Island (21N160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Baker Island (00N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Howland Island (00S176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Jarvis Island (00S160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Johnston Atoll (16N169W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Kingman Reef (06N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Palmyra Atoll (05N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Wake Atoll (19N167E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > American Samoa (14S170W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Manu'a Islands (14S170W0038)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Rose Atoll (14S168W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Swains Atoll (11S171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Baker Island > Baker Island (00N176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii Island > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Kauai Island > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Lanai Island > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Molokai Island > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Niihau Island > Niihau Island (21N160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Oahu (21N157W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Howland Island > Howland Island (00S176W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Johnston Atoll > Johnston Atoll (16N169W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Jarvis Island (00S160W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Kingman Reef (06N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Palmyra Atoll (05N162W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (28N178W0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > French Frigate Shoals (24N166W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Laysan Island (25N171W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Lisianski Island (25N173W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Maro Reef (25N170W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Midway Atoll (28N177W0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Wake Atoll > Wake Atoll (19N167E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ta'u Island (14S169W0012)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Aguihan Island Reefs > Aguihan Island (Aguijan) (14N145E0006)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Alamagan Island > Alamagan Island (17N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Asuncion Island > Asuncion Island (19N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Farallon de Pajaros > Farallon de Pajaros (20N144E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Guam > Guam (13N144E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Guguan Island > Guguan Island (17N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Mariana Archipelago > Northern Mariana Islands ( CNMI ) (18N146E0000)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Maug Island > Maug Island (20N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Pagan Island > Pagan Island (18N145E0001)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Rota Island > Rota Island ( Luta ) (14N145E0007)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Saipan Island > Saipan Island (15N145E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Sarigan Island > Sarigan Island (16N145E0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Western Pacific Ocean > Tinian Island Reefs > Tinian Island (14N145E0005)
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Equatorial Pacific Ocean
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Marianas Trench Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS North Pacific Ocean
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Northwest Pacific Ocean
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Rose Atoll Marine National Monument
NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS South Pacific Ocean
None CNMI
None Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
None Main Hawaiian Islands
None Mariana Islands
None Marianas
None MHI
None NWHI
None Pacific Remote Island Areas
None PMNM
None PRIA
None PRIMNM

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: CSV Files
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

This dataset is a collection of ecological and social metrics derived from NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) in-situ surveys and the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS), respectively. Ecological including: Coral Diversity, Herbivorous Fish Biomass, Macroalgae Cover, Juvenile Coral Density, Fishing Depletion, Coral Disease, Bleaching Resistant Corals, and Temperature Variability.

Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Data Set Credit: NOAA Fisheries Ecosystem Sciences Division and funded by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program

Support Roles

Data Set Credit

CC ID: 910902
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) (CRCP)
Address: 1305 East West Highway 10th Floor
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
Phone: (301) 713-3155
URL: http://coralreef.noaa.gov

Data Steward

CC ID: 910904
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Oliver, Thomas
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: thomas.oliver@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5444

Distributor

CC ID: 910906
Date Effective From: 2020
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 910908
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): DesRochers, Annette M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: annette.desrochers@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5461
Business Hours: 8 am - 5 pm
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Originator

CC ID: 910909
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Phone: 808-725-5300
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Point of Contact

CC ID: 910911
Date Effective From: 2016
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Oliver, Thomas
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: thomas.oliver@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5444

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands in the NOAA Fisheries Pacific Islands Region

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 910915
W° Bound: 144.561723
E° Bound: -154.745865
N° Bound: 28.523088
S° Bound: -14.615052
Description

This work covers the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program Pacific survey domain, including the Hawaiian Archipelago, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Rose Atoll, Swains Atoll and the Pacific Remote Island Areas.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 911557
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2006
End: 2010
Description:

Demographic data were sourced from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) using 5-year summary files (ACS 2006-2010) at the CCD level in Hawai‘i, and decadal 2010 data for the territories.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 910916
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2013
End: 2015
Description:

Ecological data derived from the 2013-2015 activities of the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program.

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

CREP welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. CREP has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with CREP principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by CREP, proper acknowledgement of both CREP and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, CREP requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the CREP Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example acknowledgment:

"This publication makes use of data products gathered by the Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program. The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors.”

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please cite NOAA Fisheries, Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) when using the data.

Suggested citation:

Ecosystem Sciences Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2020: Coral Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change in the U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands, https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/59258.

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 911780
Start Date: 2020-07-20
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0211010
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2020 - Present)
File Name: ALL_SECTOR_BUFFER_6KM_NOLAND.zip
Description:

The zip file contains the 6-km buffered sectors shapefile used to map the data in ClimateVulnerabilityAnalysisv1.5_2020.csv (with land masses removed). The join field is 'sectrnm' in the sectors shapefile and 'Benthic_Sector' in the data file.

File Date/Time: 2020-06-17 00:00:00
File Type: zip
Compression: Zip

Distribution 2

CC ID: 910899
Start Date: 2020-07-20
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0211010
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2020 - Present)
File Name: ClimateVulnerabilityAnalysisv1.5_2020.csv
Description:

Data file with ecological metrics associated with Climate/Ecological Resilience analysis.

File Date/Time: 2020-06-15 00:00:00
File Type: CSV
Compression: Uncompressed

Distribution 3

CC ID: 910901
Start Date: 2020-07-20
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0211010
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2020 - Present)
File Name: Figure_Data_Workup.csv
Description:

Document linking data from a particular figure in the associated publications to a column in linked datasets.

File Date/Time: 2020-06-16 00:00:00
File Type: CSV
Compression: Uncompressed

Distribution 4

CC ID: 910900
Start Date: 2020-07-20
End Date: Present
Download URL: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0211010
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2020 - Present)
File Name: SocialVulnerabilityIndices_CCVA_WIDE_2020.csv
Description:

Data file with social metrics associated with Social Vulnerability analysis.

File Date/Time: 2020-06-16 00:00:00
File Type: CSV
Compression: Uncompressed

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 910898
URL: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/region/pacific-islands#science
Name: NOAA Fisheries Pacific Islands
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 2

CC ID: 910932
URL: https://www.coris.noaa.gov/monitoring/
Name: NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program
URL Type:
Online Resource

URL 3

CC ID: 912424
URL: https://doi.org/10.25923/5xhp-5k12
Name: Coral Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change: main Hawaiian Islands
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PDF
Description:

PIFSC Special Publication, SP-20-002a

URL 4

CC ID: 912425
URL: https://doi.org/10.25923/mpdz-jm19
Name: Coral Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change: Guam
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PDF
Description:

PIFSC Special Publication, SP-20-002b

URL 5

CC ID: 912426
URL: https://doi.org/10.25923/sn8p-4z44
Name: Coral Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PDF
Description:

PIFSC Special Publication, SP-20-002c

URL 6

CC ID: 912427
URL: https://doi.org/10.25923/t9tm-pa91
Name: Coral Reef Resilience and Social Vulnerability to Climate Change: American Samoa
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PDF
Description:

PIFSC Special Publication, SP-20-002d

Technical Environment

Description:

Data were compiled and analyzed using R version 3.6.1

Data Quality

Accuracy:

For accuracy of each of the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) ecological metrics or the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) social metrics, please refer to the original survey effort. With regard to the aggregated factors, or indices, bear in mind that the indices are either the unweighted combination of normalized factors (ecological) or the principal component analysis (PCA) weighted combination of normalized factors (social).

Completeness Report:

Ecological: while the original method cited 11 factors to be most desirable in assessing resilience, data on only 8 factors were widely available across the survey domain.

Social: As the domain consists of broadly under-surveyed jurisdictions, availability of data played a large role in the selection of metrics to include in our various indices.

Uninhabited CCDs and/or islands including lightly habited places like Palmyra were also excluded either due to lack of data or lack of population to survey. Swains was included in this study, however those data were excluded from the resilience and vulnerability publications due to small sample size and peculiar results.

Conceptual Consistency:

This analysis was designed to as closely represent the conceptual vision given available data.

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Both the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) and the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) run thorough quality control procedures described in their respective surveys. Our analysis was reviewed by all co-authors, their respective Division chiefs, and NOAA Fisheries technical and editorial review by the Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

NOAA IRC and NOAA Fisheries ITS resources and assets.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

In this analysis, we report distinct factors associated with climate exposure, ecological resilience, and social vulnerability, and then aggregate normalized factors in each category to report an overall exposure, resilience, or social vulnerability metric.

Sources

Heron SF, Maynard JA, van Hooidonk R, Eakin CM. 2016. “Warming trends and bleaching stress of the World’s coral reefs 1985–2012.” Sci. Rep. 6.

CC ID: 912432
Publish Date: 2016-12-06
Citation URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep38402
Citation URL Name: Nature Scientific Reports

Kleiber, D., D. Kotowicz, and J. Hospital. 2018. Applying national community social vulnerability indicators to fishing communities in the Pacific Island Region. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-PIFSC-65, 63 p.

CC ID: 910933
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: Danika Kleiber
Publish Date: 2018-01-01
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2006-01-01
Extent End Date/Time: 2010-12-31
Scale Denominator: 1
Citation URL: http://doi.org/10.7289/V5/TM-PIFSC-65
Citation URL Name: NOAA Institutional Repository
Source Contribution:

Social Vulnerability Tech Memo

Maynard JA, McKagan S, Raymundo L, Johnson S, Ahmadia GN, Johnston L, Houk P et al. 2015. “Assessing relative resilience potential of coral reefs to inform management.” Biol. Conservation 192: 109-119.

CC ID: 912433
Publish Date: 2015-01-12
Citation URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.09.001
Citation URL Name: Science Direct

McClanahan TR, Donner SD, Maynard JA, MacNeil MA, Graham NA, Maina J, Baker AC et al. 2012. “Prioritizing key resilience indicators to support coral reef management in a changing climate.” PloS One 7, no. 8: e42884.

CC ID: 912434
Publish Date: 2012-08-29
Citation URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042884
Citation URL Name: PloS One

Spatial Prioritization under Resilience-based Management: Evaluating Trade-offs among Prioritization Strategies

CC ID: 910937
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Person
Contact Name: Thomas Oliver
Publish Date: 2020-06-15
Extent Type: Range
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013-01-01
Extent End Date/Time: 2015-12-31
Scale Denominator: 1

TIGER/Line® Shapefiles: County Subdivisions for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and Hawaii

CC ID: 911783
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: U.S. Census Bureau
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2019
Citation URL: https://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/geo/shapefiles/index.php?year=2019&layergroup=County+Subdivisions
Citation URL Name: 2019 TIGER/Line® Shapefiles: County Subdivisions
Source Contribution:

Geographic data file to plot the social data generated from the analysis.

van Hooidonk R, Maynard JA, Tamelander J, Gove J, Ahmadia G, Raymundo L, et al. 2016. “Local-scale projections of coral reef futures and implications of the Paris Agreement.” Sci. Rep. 6, 39666.

CC ID: 912435
Publish Date: 2016-12-21
Citation URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep39666
Citation URL Name: Nature Scientific Reports

Williams ID, Baum JK, Heenan A, Hanson KM, Nadon MO, Brainard RE. 2015. “Human, oceanographic and habitat drivers of central and western Pacific coral reef fish assemblages.” PLoS One 10, no. 4: e0120516.

CC ID: 912436
Publish Date: 2015-04-01
Citation URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120516
Citation URL Name: PloS One

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 910894
Description:

Ecological: Select ecological resilience factors for contribution to aggregate index.

Process Date/Time: 2018-01-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: Oliver, Thomas
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5444
Email Address: thomas.oliver@noaa.gov
Source: Spatial Prioritization under Resilience-based Management: Evaluating Trade-offs among Prioritization Strategies

Process Step 2

CC ID: 910934
Description:

Ecological: Normalize included factors, using 5th and 95th quantile.

Process Date/Time: 2018-01-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: Oliver, Thomas
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5444
Email Address: thomas.oliver@noaa.gov
Source: Spatial Prioritization under Resilience-based Management: Evaluating Trade-offs among Prioritization Strategies

Process Step 3

CC ID: 910935
Description:

Ecological: Aggregate selected factors to generate resilience index by summing across all normalized factors, and re-normalizing.

Process Date/Time: 2020-01-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: Oliver, Thomas
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5444
Email Address: thomas.oliver@noaa.gov
Source: Spatial Prioritization under Resilience-based Management: Evaluating Trade-offs among Prioritization Strategies

Process Step 4

CC ID: 911781
Description:

Ecological: Plot the data by joining the ClimateVulnerabilityAnalysisv1.5_2020.csv (with land masses removed) data file to the 6-km buffered sector shapefile on the 'Benthic_Sector' and 'sectrnm' fields, respectively.

The 6-km buffered sectors shapefile used to map the data is zipped. The sectors extend 6 km beyond the shoreline to visualize the data in the brochures. The zip file contains the required files that comprise a shapefile, including .shp (main file that stores the feature geometry), .shx (index file that stores the index of the feature geometry, and .dbf (dBASE table that stores the attribute information of features). Additional files provided with the shapefile include .prj (stores the coordinate system information), .sbn and .sbx (the 2 files that store the spatial index of the features), .xml (metadata for ArcGIS—stores information about the shapefile), and the optional .cpg (specifies the codepage for identifying the characterset to be used). The additional and optional files were all autogenerated by ArcGIS.  When viewing the shapefile in any ArcGIS application, you will only see one file representing the shapefile; use Windows Explorer to view all the files associated with the shapefile. 

Process Step 5

CC ID: 910936
Description:

Social: Select social metrics for inclusion into each index.

Process Date/Time: 2018-01-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: Kleiber, Danika L
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5392
Email Address: danika.kleiber@noaa.gov
Source: Kleiber, D., D. Kotowicz, and J. Hospital. 2018. Applying national community social vulnerability indicators to fishing communities in the Pacific Island Region. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-PIFSC-65, 63 p.

Process Step 6

CC ID: 910938
Description:

Social: Run principal components analysis (PCA), to weight distinct metrics' contributions to eventual index and to calculate index values.

Process Date/Time: 2018-01-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: Kleiber, Danika L
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5392
Email Address: danika.kleiber@noaa.gov
Source: Kleiber, D., D. Kotowicz, and J. Hospital. 2018. Applying national community social vulnerability indicators to fishing communities in the Pacific Island Region. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-PIFSC-65, 63 p.

Process Step 7

CC ID: 910939
Description:

Social: Convert numeric index results into binned data using mean and standard deviations as breaks along continuous scale.

Process Date/Time: 2018-01-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: Kleiber, Danika L
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5392
Email Address: danika.kleiber@noaa.gov
Source: Kleiber, D., D. Kotowicz, and J. Hospital. 2018. Applying national community social vulnerability indicators to fishing communities in the Pacific Island Region. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-PIFSC-65, 63 p.

Process Step 8

CC ID: 910940
Description:

Social: Generate aggregate social vulnerability metric by counting the number of the 5 component indices that rate high vulnerability (x > Mean+1SD) in a given geography.

Process Date/Time: 2018-01-01 00:00:00
Process Contact: Kleiber, Danika L
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5392
Email Address: danika.kleiber@noaa.gov
Source: Kleiber, D., D. Kotowicz, and J. Hospital. 2018. Applying national community social vulnerability indicators to fishing communities in the Pacific Island Region. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-PIFSC-65, 63 p.

Process Step 9

CC ID: 911782
Description:

Social: Plot data by joining social vulnerability data file to U.S. Census TIGER/Line shapefile for County Subdivisions. The GEO_IDS field in the social data file joins to the GEOID in the TIGER Line shapefiles.

Source: TIGER/Line® Shapefiles: County Subdivisions for American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and Hawaii

Acquisition Information

Instruments

Instrument Unavailable Reason: Not Applicable

Platforms

Platform Unavailable Reason: Not Applicable

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity (ENT) Climate_Vulnerability_Entities
Entity (ENT) Social_Vulnerability_Entities

Related Items

Item Type Relationship Type Title
Data Set (DS) Cross Reference National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Benthic Cover Derived from Analysis of Benthic Images Collected during Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) across American Samoa since 2015

Source data: benthic cover from stratified random surveys, American Samoa, 2015, http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157752

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Benthic Cover Derived from Analysis of Benthic Images Collected during Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) across the Hawaiian Archipelago from 2013 to 2019

Source data: benthic cover from stratified random surveys, Hawaii, 2013, http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159140

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Benthic Cover Derived from Analysis of Benthic Images Collected during Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) across the Mariana Archipelago since 2014

Source data: benthic cover from stratified random surveys, Marianas, 2014, http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159148

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Benthic Cover Derived from Analysis of Benthic Images Collected during Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) across the Pacific Remote Island Areas since 2014

Source data: benthic cover from stratified random surveys, PRIA, 2014: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159158 and 2015: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159165

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Coral Demography (Adult and Juvenile Corals) across American Samoa in 2015 and 2018

Source data: coral demography, American Samoa, 2015, http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159173

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Coral Demography (Adult and Juvenile Corals) across the Hawaiian Archipelago since 2013

Source data: coral demography, Hawaii, 2013, http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159147

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Coral Demography (Adult and Juvenile Corals) across the Mariana Archipelago since 2014

Source data: coral demography, Marianas, 2014, http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159166

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Coral Demography (Adult and Juvenile Corals) across the Pacific Remote Island Areas from 2014 to 2018

Source data: coral demography, PRIA, 2014: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159162 and 2015: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0159161

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Reef Fish, including Benthic Estimate Data of American Samoa since 2015

Source data: reef fish surveys, American Samoa, 2015, http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157588

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Reef Fish, including Benthic Estimate Data of the Hawaiian Archipelago from 2013 to 2019

Source data: reef fish surveys, Hawaii, 2013, http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157589

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Reef Fish, including Benthic Estimate Data of the Mariana Archipelago since 2014

Source data: reef fish surveys, Marianas, 2014, http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157596 and http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157592

Data Set (DS) Cross Reference National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Stratified Random Surveys (StRS) of Reef Fish, including Benthic Estimate Data of the Pacific Remote Island Areas since 2014

Source data: reef fish surveys, PRIA, 2014: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157572 and 2015: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157595

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 59258
Metadata Record Created By: Annette M DesRochers
Metadata Record Created: 2020-04-08 22:48+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2020-08-03 16:13+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2020-06-26
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2021-06-27