An Updated Literature Review Examining the Impacts of Tourism on Marine Mammals over the Last Fifteen Years (2000-2015) to Inform Research and Management Programs
In 2000, Samuels et al. provided a comprehensive review of the scientific literature available at the time, which
included 107 references related to the effects “swim-with dolphin” tours have on animals’ health and behavior.
Over the last fifteen years, opportunities to view marine mammals in the wild have increased through commercial
and private vessel-based platforms, in water “swim-with” activities, and land-based observation stations.