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12-Month Finding on Petition to List Pocillopora Meandrina Under the Endangered Species Act


Negative 12-month finding petition to list Pocillopora meandrina.
Endangered Species Act
Action Status
Affected Species


Two different corals side-by-side in Philippines waters.

Comparison of P. meandrina (left) and P. eydouxi (right), Philippines. Photo courtesy of Doug Fenner.

Today, NOAA Fisheries published a Not Warranted 12-month finding for the Indo-Pacific reef-building coral Pocillopora meandrina in response to a petition to list the species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The Not Warranted finding is a final decision, so there is no public comment period. The status review was conducted in response to a petition to list the species under the ESA submitted by the Center for Biological Diversity in 2018.

Pocillopora meandrina is one of the most widely-distributed and abundant corals in the Indo-Pacific, with a very large range extending from Madagascar to Costa Rica, and an overall abundance of at least several tens of billions of colonies. Although populations of P. meandrina often suffer extensive mortality from warming-induced coral bleaching, they typically recover quickly because of the species’ productive life history.

As with most reef-building corals, P. meandrina is threatened by a combination of worsening global and local threats. While broadly deteriorating conditions will likely result in a downward trajectory of P. meandrina’s overall abundance in the foreseeable future, its wide distribution, high abundance, and productive life history are expected to allow the species to at least partially recover from many disturbances, thereby slowing the downward trajectory.

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Last updated by Pacific Islands Regional Office on 08/31/2023