Pocillopora meandrina Coral
About the Species
Pocillopora meandrina (sometimes called cauliflower coral) is found in coral communities at depths of 1 to 27 meters, commonly on shallow reefs exposed to strong wave action. It is found on most coral reefs of the Indo-Pacific and eastern Pacific, with a range extending from the Seychelles Islands in the Indian Ocean to the west coast of Central America in the eastern Pacific. The species is found in all U.S. Pacific Islands jurisdictions.
CITES Appendix II
- Throughout Its Range
Colonies of Pocillopora meandrina are small upright bushes, with branches radiating from the initial point of growth. Branches are flattened and covered by bumps called verrucae. Colonies are usually cream colored, but can also be green or pink.
Recreational Fishing Regulations
Commercial Fishing Regulations
Subsistence Fishing Regulations
In March 2018, NOAA Fisheries received a petition from the Center for Biological Diversity to list Pocillopora meandrina in Hawai‘i under the Endangered Species Act. The petition requested that the Hawai‘i portion of P. meandrina's range be considered a significant portion of its range. However, before we could analyze such specifics of P. meandrina's range, we must first find that the species is neither endangered nor threatened throughout all of its range. Thus, we interpreted the petition (PDF, 52 pages) as a request to consider the status of P. meandrina throughout its entire range first.
In 2020, a 12-month finding was published that concluded that listing was not warranted.