2020 Commercial Atlantic Shark Fishing Quotas, Dates & Retention Limits

Overview

Fishing Type
Commercial
Action Status
Final Rule
Effective
01/01/2020
Point of Contact
Lauren Latchford, Guy DuBeck or Karyl Brewster-Geisz, 301-427-8503.

Summary

This final rule establishes quota levels, opening dates, and retention limits for the 2020 Atlantic commercial shark fisheries, including those in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean. NOAA Fisheries may increase or decrease these retention limits for directed shark limited access permit holders during the year in accordance with existing regulations. 

The final rule uses landings data received as of October 18, 2019.  All dealer reports that are received after the date of the final rule will be used to adjust the 2021 quotas, as appropriate. 

2020 Quotas

The 2020 quotas, adjusted as appropriate to account for over- and under-harvests, are summarized below by management group. Adjustments based on over- and under-harvests depend on stock status.  

Western Gulf of Mexico Sub-Region

Opens January 1, 2020

Management Group

2020 Adjusted Quota*

Quota Linkages

Commercial Retention Limits for Directed Shark Limited Access Permit Holders

Blacktip sharks

347.2 mt dw (765,392 lb dw)**

Not Linked

45 LCS other than sandbar sharks per vessel per trip

Aggregated large coastal sharks (agg. LCS)

72.0 mt dw

(158,724 lb dw)

Linked with hammerheads

45 LCS other than sandbar sharks per vessel per trip

Hammerhead sharks

11.9 mt dw

(26,301 lb dw)

Linked with agg. LCS

45 LCS other than sandbar sharks per vessel per trip

*1 mt dw = 2,204.6 lb dw

**Baseline quota adjusted based on over- or underharvest as calculated by landings reported by October 18, 2019.

Eastern Gulf of Mexico Sub-Region

Opens January 1, 2020

Management Group

2020 Adjusted Quota*

Quota Linkages

Commercial Retention Limits for Directed Shark Limited Access Permit Holders

Blacktip sharks

37.7 mt dw

(83,158 lb dw)**

Not Linked

45 LCS other than sandbar sharks per vessel per trip

Aggregated large coastal sharks (agg. LCS)

85.5 mt dw

(188,593 lb dw)

Linked with hammerheads

45 LCS other than sandbar sharks per vessel per trip

Hammerhead sharks

13.4 mt dw

(29,421 lb dw)

Linked with agg. LCS

45 LCS other than sandbar sharks per vessel per trip

*1 mt dw = 2,204.6 lb dw

**Baseline quota adjusted based on over- or underharvest as calculated by landings reported by October 18, 2019.

Gulf of Mexico Region

Opens January 1, 2020

Management Group

2020 Adjusted Quota*

Quota Linkages

Commercial Retention Limits for Directed Shark Limited Access Permit Holders

Non-blacknose small coastal sharks

112.6 mt dw

(248,215 lb dw)

Not Linked

N/A

Smoothhound sharks

504.6 mt dw

(1,112,441 lb dw)**

Not Linked

N/A

*1 mt dw = 2,204.6 lb dw

**Baseline quota adjusted based on over- or underharvest as calculated by landings reported by October 18, 2019.

Atlantic Region

Opens January 1, 2020

Management Group

2020 Adjusted Quota*

Quota Linkages

Commercial Retention Limits for Directed Shark Limited Access Permit Holders

Aggregated large coastal sharks (agg. LCS)

168.9 mt dw (372,552 lb dw)

Linked with hammerheads

36 LCS other than sandbar sharks per vessel per trip1

Hammerhead sharks

27.1 mt dw

(59,736  lb dw)

Linked with agg. LCS

36 LCS other than sandbar sharks per vessel per trip1

Non-blacknose small coastal sharks

264.1 mt dw

(582,333 lb dw)

Linked with blacknose sharks

(south of 34° N. lat. only)

N/A

Blacknose sharks

(south of 34° N. lat. only)

17.2 mt dw

(37,921 lb dw)

Linked with non-blacknose sharks (south of 34° N. lat. only)

8 blacknose sharks per vessel per trip2

Smoothhound sharks

1,802.6 mt dw

(3,973,902 lb dw)**

Not linked

N/A

*1 mt dw = 2,204.6 lb dw

**Baseline quota adjusted based on over- or underharvest as calculated by landings reported by October 18, 2019.

1If quota is landed too quickly (e.g. if approximately 35 percent of quota is caught at the beginning of the year), we anticipate considering an inseason reduction (e.g. to three or fewer large coastal sharks other than sandbar sharks per vessel per trip) and later considering an  inseason increase (e.g., to 36 large coastal sharks other than sandbar sharks per vessel per trip).

2Applies to directed and incidental permit holders.

No Regional Quotas

Opens January 1, 2020

Management Group

2020 Adjusted Quota*

Quota Linkages

Commercial Retention Limits for Directed Shark Limited Access Permit Holders

Non-sandbar large coastal shark (LCS) research

50.0 mt dw

(110,230 lb dw)

Linked with sandbar shark research

N/A

Sandbar shark research

90.7 mt dw

(199,943 lb dw)

Linked with agg. LCS

N/A

Non-blacknose small coastal sharks

264.1 mt dw

(582,333 lb dw)

Linked with blacknose sharks

(south of 34° N. lat. only)

N/A

Blue sharks

273.0 mt dw

(601,856 lb dw)

Not linked

N/A

Porbeagle sharks

1.7 mt dw

(3,748 lb dw)

Not linked

N/A

Pelagic sharks other than porbeagle or blue

488.0 mt dw

(1,075,856 lb dw)

Not linked

N/A

*1 mt dw = 2,204.6 lb dw

Federal Register

Last updated by Office of Sustainable Fisheries on 11/27/2019