Biological Opinion on FEMA Funding for Projects to Repair Infrastructure Damage on Tutuila, American Samoa That Resulted From the Presidentially-Declared Earthquake, Tsunami, and Flooding Disaster (FEMA-1859-DR-AS) of September 2009

March 19, 2010

NOAA Fisheries' biological opinion of the effects on marine species protected under the Endangered Species Act that may result from FEMA’s funding for projects to repair infrastructure damaged on Tutuila earthquake, tsunami, and flooding disaster of September 2009.

This document represents NOAA Fisheries' biological opinion (Opinion) of the effects on marine species protected under the Endangered Species Act that may result from FEMA’s funding for projects to repair infrastructure damaged on Tutuila earthquake, tsunami, and flooding disaster of September 2009. This Opinion is based on: the review of FEMA’s eight separate requests for informal consultation for the funding of infrastructure repair projects on Tutuila Island; recovery plans for U.S. Pacific populations of listed sea turtles; published and unpublished scientific information on the biology and ecology of threatened and endangered marine species, as well as of other species of concern in the action area; monitoring reports and research in the region; biological opinions on similar actions; and relevant scientific and gray literature.

Last updated by Pacific Islands Regional Office on 03/05/2019