Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management Policy
NOAA Fisheries Policy 01-120
NOAA Fisheries strongly supports implementation of Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management (EBFM) to better inform and enable better decisions regarding trade-offs among and between fisheries (commercial, recreational, and subsistence), aquaculture, protected species, biodiversity, and habitats. Recognizing the interconnectedness of these ecosystem components will help maintain resilient and productive ecosystems (including the human communities on which they depend), even as they respond to climate, habitat, ecological, and other environmental
This policy defines EBFM; describes its benefits; discusses how it relates to existing living marine resources management legal authorities and requirements; establishes a framework of guiding principles to enhance and accelerate the implementation of EBFM within NOAA Fisheries, and in cooperation with NOAA Fisheries partners, when EBFM would further improve fisheries decision-making, provide social or economic benefits, and/or provide desired ecological outcomes; and build on the agency’s (and its partners’) past progress and clarify the agency’s commitment to integrating its management programs for living marine resources and their habitats under changing climate, ecological, and ocean conditions.