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Endangered Species Act 5-Year Review Caribbean Monk Seal (Monachus tropicalis)

March 07, 2008

This 5-year review is a periodic analysis of the Caribbean monk seal’s status to ensure that the listing classification as threatened or endangered on the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants is accurate.

This review was prepared pursuant to section 4(c)(2) of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and in accordance with sections 4(a) and (b) of the ESA following guidance provided in the joint NMFS and U.S. Fish and Wildlife 5-Year Review Guidance and template ( The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) initiated a 5-year review of the Caribbean monk seal (Monachus tropicalis) in November 2006.

Last updated by Office of Protected Resources on 04/21/2020

5-Year Review