The loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) was listed as threatened on July 28, 1978. The threatened listing was applied to wherever the species occurs. In 2007, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) completed a 5-year review for the loggerhead. A 5-year review is an assessment of a listed species to determine whether its status has changed since the time of its listing such that it should be delisted or classified differently than its current status.