Modeling and Mapping Regional-Scale Patterns of Fishing Impact and Fish Stocks to Support Coral-Reef Management in Micronesia

July 09, 2018

Presents a baseline map of fishing impact in U.S. Territories and other Micronesian localities.

Aim

Use a fishery‐independent metric to model and map regional‐scale fishing impact and demonstrate how this metric assists with modeling current and potential fish biomass to support coral‐reef management. We also examine the relative importance of anthropogenic and natural factors on fish at biogeographical scales.

Location

Reefs of five jurisdictions in Micronesia.

Methods

A subset of 1,127 fish surveys (470 surveys) was used to calculate site‐specific mean parrotfish lengths (a proxy for cumulative fishing impact), which were modeled against 20 biophysical and anthropogenic variables. The resulting model was extrapolated to each 1 ha reef cell in the region to generate a fishing impact map. The remaining data (657 surveys) were then used to model fish biomass using 15 response variables, including fishing impact. This model was used to map estimated current regional fish standing stocks and by setting fishing impact to 0, potential standing stocks.

Results

Human population pressure and distance to port were key anthropogenic variables predicting fishing impact. Total fish biomass was negatively correlated with fishing, but the influence of natural gradients of primary productivity, sea surface temperature, habitat quality, and larval supply was regionally more important.

Main Conclusions

Mean parrotfish length appears to be a useful fishery‐independent metric for modeling Pacific fishing impact, but considering environmental covariates is critical. Explicitly modeling fishing impact has multiple benefits, including generation of the first large‐scale map of tropical fishing impacts that can inform conservation planning. Using fishing impact data to map current and potential fish stocks provides further benefits, including highlighting the relative importance of fishing on fish biomass and identifying key biophysical variables that cause maximum potential biomass to vary significantly across the region. Regional‐scale maps of fishing, fish standing stocks, and the potential benefits of protection are likely to lead to improved conservation outcomes during reserve network planning.

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Harborne AR, Green AL, Peterson NA, Beger M, Golbuu Y, Houk P, Spalding MD, Taylor BM, Terk E, Treml EA, Victor S, Vigliola L, Williams ID, Wolff NH, zu Ermgassen PSE, Mumby PJ. Modelling and mapping regional-scale patterns of fishing impact and fish stocks to support coral-reef management in Micronesia .(Published in Diversity and Distributions). 

Last updated by Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center on 02/26/2019

Fish Stocks Parrotfish Marine Protected Areas