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Spatial Distribution and Sources of Nutrients at Two Coastal Developments in South Kohala, Hawai’i

January 06, 2022

A study documenting how nutrients are distributed within coral reef developments for better understanding of how to make coral reefs more resilient to stressors.

Nutrient sources to coastal waters with coral reefs are not well-characterized. 

This study documented distributions of nutrients within coastal waters along two developments with coral reefs to find nutrients decreased from fresh groundwaters to offshore waters, with some surface waters higher in concentrations than benthic ones.

Information generated from this study is imperative for developing management actions to improve water quality and make coral reefs more resilient to stressors.


Panelo J, Wiegner TN, Colbert SL, Goldberg S, Abaya LM, Conklin E, Couch C, Falinski K, Gove J, Watson L, Wiggins C. 2022. Spatial distribution and sources of nutrients at two coastal developments in South Kohala, Hawai'i. Marine Pollution Bulletin. Volume 174:113143.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.113143.

Last updated by Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center on 01/07/2022

Coral Reefs