Formal Rulemaking on Proposed MMPA Waiver and Hunt Regulations Governing Gray Whale Hunts by the Makah Tribe


Marine Mammal Protection Act
Action Status
Proposed Rule
Affected Species


On April 5, 2019, we published a proposed rule to issue a waiver of the MMPA take moratorium, a critical step in an agency decision about whether to authorize the Makah Indian Tribe to resume limited treaty-based hunting of eastern North Pacific (ENP) gray whales for a 10-year period. That rule also included proposed regulations governing such a hunt.

NOAA Fisheries’ decision on whether to waive the moratorium and issue regulations involves “formal rulemaking” and must be made on the record after an opportunity for an agency hearing on both the proposed waiver and regulations. The hearing is governed by agency regulations at 50 CFR part 228, which call for the appointment of a presiding officer (an administrative law judge or ALJ) and prescribe other procedures. Interested persons should consult these agency regulations as well as the notice of hearing we published on April 5, 2019 (see links below), for additional information and hearing procedures.


UPDATE - Final Agenda and Revised Schedule for Agency Hearing

On June 26, 2019, the ALJ published a Federal Register notice announcing the final agenda for the hearing. On August 2, 2019, the ALJ published a notice to change the hearing date, which will now commence on November 14, 2019. That notice also set forth new deadlines for the submittal of specific types of testimony and motions. Key documents and links related to the hearing are provided below:


Attending the Hearing: Q & A

Q. Is the hearing open to the public?

A. The hearing is open to the public and anyone may attend and observe, although only parties who formally intervened in the proceeding in May 2019 may participate. Given the number of parties to the case, space for spectators will be limited. Seating will be provided on a first come, first served basis. Overflow seating will be available in an adjacent room but will not have a direct view into the courtroom. We anticipate seating will be most in demand the first week of the hearing (Nov. 14-15). More seating may be available during the second week (starting Nov. 18).

Q. How do I attend the hearing?

A. The hearing will take place at the Fourth Floor Auditorium in the Jackson Federal Building in downtown Seattle. The building is located at 915 Second Avenue between Marion and Madison Streets, with entrances on both First and Second Avenues. The building is easily accessible from many Metro and Sound Transit routes but does not have on-site parking. Several paid parking garages are nearby. To enter the building, you must go through security screening. More information about entry requirements and prohibited items may be found at

Q. What is the daily schedule for the hearing?

A. The schedule for the hearing is subject to change by the Administrative Law Judge. The current schedule calls for the hearing to begin at 1:00 p.m. on Thursday, Nov. 14, and end no later than 5:00 p.m. that day. For hearing dates Friday, Nov. 15, and Monday through Thursday, Nov. 18-21, the hearing is anticipated to run 9:00 a.m. through no later than 5:00 p.m. with morning and afternoon breaks and a break for lunch. If necessary, the hearing may also take place on Friday, Nov. 22, from 9:00 a.m. until approximately noon.

Q. Who can I contact with questions?

A. If you have additional questions about attending the hearing, you may direct them to the Administrative Law Judge’s office at 206-220-7105. News media interested in covering the hearing should contact Michael Milstein of NOAA Fisheries at 503-231-6268 or


Opportunities for Public Participation

The public has several opportunities to participate and provide input in the consideration of NOAA Fisheries’ proposal. The first opportunity – announced in the proposed rule and the notice of agency hearing – was a one-month period ending on May 6, 2019, during which several parties notified NOAA Fisheries that they intend to participate in the proceedings (see the list of parties in the final agenda for hearing).

The second opportunity was a 12-day period beginning on June 28, 2019, when the ALJ announced the final agenda for the agency hearing and identified a new issue of fact pertaining to the current Unusual Mortality Event (UME) for ENP gray whales. That announcement invited other parties to notify NOAA Fisheries if they were interested in participating in the proceedings on this new issue of fact, however none did so. We have posted information regarding the 2019 UME along the West Coast.  

The next opportunity will be announced at the hearing in November. The ALJ will set a deadline for interested persons to submit written comments on the proposed waiver and regulations, including proposed findings and conclusions and written arguments or briefs. You do not have to participate as a party in order to submit comments at this stage. Written submissions must be based on the record and should cite relevant pages of the hearing transcript.

Finally, the ALJ will issue a recommended decision following the hearing. NOAA Fisheries will publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing the recommended decision, beginning a 20-day public comment period where anyone may submit written comments on the recommended decision.


Ex Parte Communications

This proceeding is a formal rulemaking and, as a result, certain restrictions on communications apply under the Administrative Procedure Act (5 USC 557(d)) and agency regulations (50 CFR 228.10). These restrictions relate to communications received or made by NOAA personnel involved in the decision-making process and are outlined in this NOAA Memorandum dated March 14, 2019. APA restrictions also apply to communications by interested persons outside the agency – please consult 5 USC 557(d) for detail

Last updated by West Coast Regional Office on 10/31/2019

Gray Whale