Atlantic Salmon Ecosystems Research Team Publications

October 04, 2019

Publications related to the research by the Atlantic Salmon Ecosystem Research Team in support of endangered U.S. Atlantic salmon populations and the ecosystems that support these iconic fish.


Ardren, W. R., Busack, C., and Kocik, J. F. 2014. Collaboration between Atlantic and Pacific salmon biologists to enhance recovery of endangered salmon in North America. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 24(3): 685-688. DOI: 10.1007/s11160-014-9365-7


Beland, K.F., Kocik, J.F., VandeSande, J., and T. F. Sheehan. 2001. Striped bass predation upon Atlantic salmon smolts in Maine. Northeastern Naturalist, 8(3): 267-274. DOI: 10.2307/385483

Beland, K.F., Trial, J.G. and J.F. Kocik. 2004. Use of riffle and run habitats with aquatic vegetation by juvenile Atlantic salmon. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 24:525-533. DOI: 10.1577/M02-196.1

Bermingham, E., Forbes, S.H., Friedland K.D., and C. Pla. 1990. Discrimination between Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) of North American and European origin using restriction analyses of mitochondrial DNA. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 48:884-893. DOI:10.1139/f91-105

Blackwell. B.F., Gries, G., Juanes, F., Friedland, K.D., Stolte, L.W., and J.F. McKeon. 1998. Simulating Migration Mortality of Atlantic Salmon Smolts in the Merrimack River. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 18:31-45. DOI:10.1577/1548-8675(1998)0182.0.CO;2

Bradbury, I. R., L. C. Hamilton, S. Rafferty, D. Meerburg, R. Poole, J. B. Dempson, M. J. Robertson, D. G. Reddin, V. Bourret, M. Dionne, G. Chaput, T. F. Sheehan, T. L. King, J. R. Candy, and L. Bernatchez. 2015. Genetic evidence of local exploitation of Atlantic salmon in a coastal subsistence fishery in the Northwest Atlantic. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 72:83–95. DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-2014-0058

Bradbury, I.R., Hamilton, L. C. Rafferty, S. Meerburg, D., Poole, R., Dempson, J. B. Robertson; M. J., Reddin, D. G, Bourret, V., Dionne, M., Chaput, G., Sheehan, T. F., King, T. L. and Bernatchez, L. 2014.Genetic evidence of local exploitation of Atlantic salmon in a coastal subsistence fishery in the Northwest Atlantic. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Published on the web 11 September 2014. DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-2014-0058

Byron, C. J., A. J. Pershing, J. D. Stockwell, H. Xue, and J.F. Kocik 2014. Migration model of post‐smolt Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in the Gulf of Maine. Fisheries Oceanography 23(2): 172–189. DOI: 10.1111/fog.12052


Chaput, G., Legault, C.M., Reddin, D.G., Caron, F., and P.G. Amiro. 2005 Provision of catch advice taking account of non-stationarity in productivity of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in the northwest Atlantic&.nbsp; ICES Journal of Marine Science, 2: 131-143. DOI:10.1016/j.icesjms.2004.10.006

Clarke, L.M. and K.D. Friedland. 2004. Influence of growth and temperature on strontium deposition in the otoliths of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Journal of Fish Biology, 65: 744-759. DOI: 10.1111/j.0022-1112.2004.00480.x

Colligan, M., Sheehan, T., Pruden, J., and J.F. Kocik. 2008. The challenges posed by international management of Atlantic salmon: balancing commercial, recreational and societal interests-The North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO). International Governance of Fisheries Ecosystems: learning from the past, finding solutions for the future, 458.


Dixon, H., Power, M., Dempson, J. B., Sheehan, T. F., and G. Chaput. 2012. Characterizing trophic status and shift in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, from freshwater to marine life cycle phases. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 69(9): 1646–1655. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fss122

Dodson, J.J., Gibson, R., Cunjak, R., Friedland, K.D., De Leaniz, C., Gross, M., Newbury, R., Nielsen, J., Power, M., and S. Roy. 1998. Elements in the development of conservation plans for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 55 (suppl. 1):312-323. DOI: 101139/d98-022


FitzGerald, J. L., Sheehan, T.F., and J. F. Kocik. 2004. Visibility of visual implant elastomer tags in Atlantic salmon reared for two years in marine net-pens.; North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 24: 222-227. DOI: 10.1577/M02-138

Friedland K.D., Reddin, D.G., McMenemy, J.R., and K.F. Drinkwater. 2003. Multi-decadal trends in North American Atlantic salmon stocks and climate trends relevant to juvenile survival Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 60:563-583. DOI: 10.1139/f03-047

Friedland, K.D., Hansen, L.P., and D.A. Dunkley. 1998. Marine Temperatures Experienced by Post-smolts and the Survival of Atlantic Salmon, Salmo salar L., in the North Sea area. Fisheries Oceanography, 7:22-34. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2419.1998.00047.x

Friedland, K. D., Reddin, D. G., and M. Castonguay. 2003. Ocean thermal conditions in the post-smolt nursery of North American Atlantic salmon. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 60: 343-355. DOI: 10.1016/S1054-3139(03)00022-5

Friedland, K.D. 1994. Marine survival of restoration stocks. Pages 223-239 in, A Hard Look at Some Tough Issues, edited by S. Calabi and A. Stout. Silver Quill Books, Camden, Maine.

Friedland, K.D. 1998. Ocean climate influences on critical Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) life history events. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 55 (suppl. 1):119-130. DOI: 10.1139/d98-003

Friedland, K.D. 2002. Emerging science and management issues with Atlantic salmon. Pages 117-136. in K.D. Lynch, M.L. Jones, and W.W. Taylor. Sustaining North American Salmon: Perspective Across Regimes and Disciplines. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Friedland, K.D. and D.G. Reddin. 1994. The use of otolith morphology in stock discriminations of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 51:91-98. DOI: 10.1139/f94-011

Friedland, K.D. and D.G. Reddin. 2000. Growth patterns of Labrador Sea Atlantic salmon postsmolts and the temporal scale of recruitment synchrony for North American salmon stocks. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 57:1181-1189. DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-57-6-1181

Friedland, K.D. and R.E. Haas-Castro. 1996. Marine post-smolt growth and age at maturity of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Journal of Fish Biology, 48:1-15. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1996.tb01414.x

Friedland, K.D. Dutil, J.D., and T. Sadusky. 1999. Growth patterns in postsmolts and the nature of the marine juvenile nursery for Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Fishery Bulletin, 97:472-481

Friedland, K.D., Hansen, L.P., Dunkley, D.A., and J.C. MacLean. 2000. Linkage between ocean climate, post-smolt growth, and survival of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in the North Sea area. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57:419-429. DOI: 10.1006/jmsc.1999.0639

Friedland, K.D., Chaput, G., and J. MacLean. Submitted. 2005. The Emerging Role of Climate in Post-smolt Growth of Atlantic Salmon. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 62:1338-1349. DOI: 10.1016/j.icesjms.2005.04.013

Friedland, K.D., Clarke, L.M., Dutil, J.D., and M. Salminen. 2006. The Relationship Between Smolt and Postsmolt Growth for Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Fishery Bulletin, 104:149-155

Friedland, K.D., Esteves, C., Hansen, L.P., and R.A. Lund. 1994. Discrimination of Norwegian farm, ranch, and wild-origin Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., by image processing. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 1:117-128. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2400.1970.tb00011.x

Friedland, K.D., Haas-Castro, R.E., and T.F. Sheehan. 1996. Comparative post-smolt growth, maturation, and survival in two stocks of Atlantic salmon. Fishery Bulletin, 94:654-663

Friedland, K.D., Reddin, D.G., and J.F. Kocik. 1993. Marine survival of North American and European Atlantic salmon: effects of growth and environment. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 50: 481-492. DOI: 10.1006/jmsc.1993.1051

Friedland, K.D., Reddin, D.G., Shimizu, N., Haas-Castro, R.E., and A.F. Youngson. 1998. Strontium: Calcium Ratios in Atlantic Salmon Otoliths and Observations on Growth and Maturation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 55: 1158-1168. DOI:10.1139/f98-011

Friedland, K.D., Walker, R.V., Davis, N.D, Myers, K.W., Boehlert, G.W., Urawa, S., and Y. Ueno. 2001. Open-ocean orientation and return migration routes of chum salmon based on temperature data from data storage tags. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 216: 235-252. DOI: 10.3354/meps216235


Giray, C., Opitz, H.M., MacLean, S.A., and D. Bouchard. 2005. Comparisons of lethal versus non-lethal sources for the detection of Infectious Salmon Anemia Virus (ISAV). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 66: 181-185. DOI: 10.3354/dao066181

Good, M.J. and Kocik, J.F. 2014. The Intern Mentor Experience: a sample of the real word. Pages 31-38 in W.W. Taylor, A.J. Lynch, and N.J. Leonard, editors. Future of fisheries: perspectives for emerging professionals.American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland

Goulette, G.S., Hawkes, J.P., Kocik, J.F., Manning, J.P., Music, P.A., Wallinga, J.P. and Zydlewski, G.B., 2014. Opportunistic acoustic telemetry platforms: benefits of collaboration in the Gulf of Maine. Fisheries, 39(10), pp.441-450. DOI: 10.1080/03632415.2014.943740

Goulette, G. and Lipsky, C. 2016. Efficacy of coded wire tags for non-lethal batch identification of Atlantic salmon parr. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 36:1084-1089. DOI: 10.1080.02755947.2016.1198283

Goulette, G.S., J.P. Hawkes. 2017. Altering Vertical Placement of Hydroacoustic Receivers for Improved Efficiency in Coldwater Estuary Zones. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 37:981–988. DOI: 10.1080/02755947.2017.1336133


Haas-Castro, R.E., Sheehan, T.F., Cadrin, S.X., and J.G.Trial. 2006. Scale Pattern Analysis Discriminates Atlantic Salmon by River-Reach Rearing Origin. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 26: 289-300. DOI: 10.1577/M04-145.1

Hawkes, J.P., R.Saunders, A.D. Saunders and M.S. Cooperman. 2013. Assessing Efficacy of Non-Lethal Harassment of Double -Crested Cormorants to Improve Atlantic Salmon Smolt Survival. Northeastern Naturalist (20)1-18. JSTOR

Hayes, S.A. and Kocik, J.F. 2014. Comparative marine migration ecology of Atlantic salmon and steelhead - blue highways and open plains. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. 24(3): 757-780. DOI: 10.1007/s11160-014-9348-8

Hussey, N. E., S. T. Kessel, K. Aarestrup, S. J. Cooke, P. D. Cowley, A. T. Fisk, R. G. Harcourt, K. N. Holland, S. J. Iverson, J. F. Kocik, J. E. Mills Flemming, and F. G. Whoriskey. 2015. Aquatic animal telemetry: a panoramic window into the underwater world. Science 348:1255642-1-1255642-10. DOI: 10.1126/science.1255642


Jonsson, B., Waples, R.S., and K.D. Friedland. 1999. Extinction considerations for diadromous fishes. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 56:405-409. DOI: 10.1006/jmsc.1999.0483


Kelly, J. T., D. T. Lerner, M. F. O’Dea, A. M. Regish, M. Y. Monette, J. P. Hawkes, K. H. Nislow, and S. D. McCormick. 2015. Evidence for episodic acidification effects on migrating Atlantic salmon Salmo salar smolts. Journal of Fish Biology 87:1129-1146. DOI: 10.1111/jfb.12763

Kocik, J. F., Hawkes, J. P., Sheehan, T. F., Music, P. A., and K.F. Beland. 2009. Assessing estuarine and coastal migration and survival of wild Atlantic salmon smolts from the Narraguagus River, Maine using ultrasonic telemetry. In American Fisheries Society Symposium, 69, pp. 293-310.

Kocik, J. F. and T.F. Sheehan. 2006. Atlantic salmon. Status of Fishery Resources of the Northeastern US Revised December.

Kocik, J.F. and R.W. Brown. 2001. From Game Fish to Tame Fish: Atlantic Salmon in North America, 1798 to 1998. p. 1-29. In M. L. Jones, K. D. Lynch, and W. W. Taylor, Editors. Sustainability of Salmon Fisheries: Binational Perspectives United States -American Fisheries Society Symposium [Invited Paper].

Kocik, J.F. and C.P. Ferreri. 1998. Juvenile Production Variation in Salmonids: Population Dynamics, Habitat, and the Role of Spatial Relationships, p. 191-200. In C. Folt, M. Mather, and D. Parrish, Editors. Integrating across scales: predicting patterns of change in Atlantic salmon. Canadian Special Publication Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 55 (supplement 1). [Invited Paper] DOI: 10.1139/d98-015

Kocik, J.F. and K.D. Friedland. 2002. Salmons and trouts, family Salmonidae. In: Collette, B.B.; Klein-MacPhee, G., eds. Bigelow and Schroeder's fishes of the Gulf of Maine. 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press; p. 170-181. ISBN-10: 1560989513, ISBN-13: 978-1560989516


Lacroix, G. L., Knox, D., Sheehan, T. F., Renkawitz, M. D., and M.L. Bartron. 2012. Distribution of U. S. Atlantic Salmon Postsmolts in the Gulf of Maine. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 141: 934-942. DOI: 10.1080/00028487.2012.675915

Legault, C.M. 2005. : Population viability analysis of Atlantic salmon in Maine, USA. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 134: 549-562. DOI 10.1577/T04-017.1

Lipsky, C. A., Hastings, E. M., Brown, R., and R.B. Dill. 2012. Correcting visual implant elastomer tag identification to better evaluate adult Atlantic salmon returns from multiple stocking sites in the Penobscot River, Maine, USA. In American Fisheries Society Symposium (No. 76).


MacLean, S. A., Caldarone, E. M., and J.M. St. Onge-Burns. 2008. Estimating recent growth rates of Atlantic salmon smolts using RNA-DNA ratios from nonlethally sampled tissues. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 137(5), 1279-1284. DOI: 10.1577/T07-254.1

MacLean, S.A, Bouchard, D.A., and S.K. Ellis. 2003. Survey of nonsalmonid marine fishes for detection of infectious salmon anemia virus and other salmonid pathogens. pp. 135-144. IN: Miller, O. and R. Cipriano, tech. coords. International response to infectious salmon anemia: prevention, control, and eradication: symposium proceedings. 3-4 Sept 2002 New Orleans, LA. Tech. Bull. 1902. Washington, D.C.: US Dept. Agriculture, APHIS, US Dept. Interior, US Geological Survey, US Dept Commerce, NMFS: (Invited Paper).

MacLean, S.A. 2002. Report on ISA in the US. ICES Working Group on Pathology and Diseases of Marine Organisms, Annex 5: 2 pp.

Magee, J.A., Haines, T.A., Kocik, J.F., Beland, K.F., and S.D. McCormick. 2001. Effects of acidity and aluminum on the physiology and migratory behavior of Atlantic salmon smolts in Maine, USA. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 130: 881-886. DOI: 10.1023/A:1013851400536

Magee, J.A., Obedzinski, M., McCormick, S.D., and J.F. Kocik. 2003. Effects of episodic acidification on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 60: 214-221. DOI: 10.1139/f03-015

McCormick, S. D., Sheehan, T. F., Björnsson, B. T., Lipsky, C., Kocik, J. F., Regish, A. M., and M.F. O'Dea. 2013. Physiological and endocrine changes in Atlantic salmon smolts during hatchery rearing, downstream migration, and ocean entry. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 70(999), 1-14. DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-2012-0151

Miller, A. S., Sheehan, T. F., Spencer, R. C., Renkawitz, M. D., Friedland, K. D., and A.L. Meister. 2012. Description of the Historic US Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.) Tagging Programs and Subsequent Databases.Northeast Fisheries Science Center Reference Document 12-13. 56 pp.

Miller, A. S., Sheehan, T. F., Spencer, R. C., Renkawitz, M. D., Meister, A. L., and T.J. Miller. 2012. Revisiting the marine migration of US Atlantic salmon with historic Carlin tag data. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 69(9): 1609-1615. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fss039

Miller, A., Miller, T., Mills, K., and T.F. Sheehan. Retrospective analysis of Atlantic salmon marine growth and condition in the northwest Atlantic based on tag recovery data. Fisheries Oceanography 23(2) 103-115 DOI: 10.1111/fog.12045

Minke-Martin, V., J. B. Dempson, T. F. Sheehan, and M. Power. 2015. Otolith-derived estimates of marine temperature use by West Greenland Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). ICES Journal of Marine Science 72:2139-2148. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv033

Music, P. A., Hawkes, J. P., and M.S. Cooperman. 2010. Magnitude and causes of smolt mortality in rotary screw traps: an Atlantic salmon case study. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 30(3), 713-722. DOI: 10.1577/M09-181.1


Nerette, P., Dahoo, I., Hammell, L., Gagne, N., Barbash, P., MacLean, S., and C. Yason. 2005. Estimation of the repeatability and reproducibility of three diagnostic tests for infectious salmon anaemia virus. Journal of Fish Diseases, 28: 101-110. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2761.2005.00613.x

Nieland, J. L., Sheehan, T. F., Saunders, R., Murphy, J. S. Trinko Lake, T. and J.R. Stevens. 2013. Dam Impact Analysis Model for Atlantic Salmon in the Penobscot River, Maine. Northeast Fisheries Science Center Reference Document 13-09. 524 p.

Nieland, J. L., T. F. Sheehan, and R. Saunders. 2015. Assessing demographic effects of dams on diadromous fish: a case study for Atlantic salmon in the Penobscot River, Maine. ICES Journal of Marine Science 72:2423-2437. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv083


Otero, J., L'Abée-Lund, J. H., Castro-Santos, T., Leonardsson, K., Storvik, G. O., Jonsson, B., Dempson, B., Russell, I. C., Jensen, A. J., Baglinière, J.-L., Dionne, M., Armstrong, J. D., Romakkaniemi, A., Letcher, B. H., Kocik, J. F., Erkinaro, J., Poole, R., Rogan, G., Lundqvist, H., MacLean, J. C., Jokikokko, E., Arnekleiv, J. V., Kennedy, R. J., Niemelä, E., Caballero, P., Music, P. A., Antonsson, T., Gudjonsson, S., Veselov, A. E., Lamberg, A., Groom, S., Taylor, B. H., Taberner, M., Dillane, M., Arnason, F., Horton, G., Hvidsten, N. A., Jonsson, I. R., Jonsson, N., McKelvey, S., Næsje, T. F., Skaala, Ø., Smith, G. W., Sægrov, H., Stenseth, N. C. and Vøllestad, L. A. (2014) Basin-scale phenology and effects of climate variability on global timing of initial seaward migration of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Global Change Biology, 20: 61–75. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12363


Reddin, D. G, Hansen, L. P., Bakkestuen, V. Russell, I., White, J., Potter, E.C.E. , Sheehan, T. F., Ó Maoiléidigh, N., Dempson, J. B., Smith, G. W., Isaksson, A., Fowler, M., Jacobsen, J. A., Mork, K. A., and P. Amiro. 2012. Distribution of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) at Greenland, 1960s to present. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 69(9), 1589–1597. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fss087

Reddin, D.G. and K. Friedland. 1998. Le nord-ouest Atlantique et le decline des saumons de primtemps d’Ecosse. Cahiers Scientifiques Avril 1998:17-36.

Reddin, D.G., Friedland, K.D., and P. Downton. 2006. Early marine use of thermal habitat by Atlantic salmon smolts (Salmo salar L.). Fishery Bulletin, 104: 415–428.

Reddin, D.G., Helbig, J., Thomas, A., Whitehouse, B.G., and K.D. Friedland. 2000. Survival of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) related to marine climate. Page 88-95. in, The Ocean Life of Atlantic Salmon, edited by D. Mills. Fishing News Books, Oxford, United Kingdom. ISBN: 978-0-852-38271-4

Reddin, D.G., Friedland, K.D., Downton, P., Dempson, J.B., and C.C. Mullins. 2004. Thermal habitat experienced by Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) kelts in coastal Newfoundland waters. Fisheries Oceanography, 13:24-35. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2419.2004.00237.x

Reddin, D.G., Helbig, J., Thomas, A., Whitehouse, B.G., and K.D. Friedland. 1997. Survival of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and its relation to marine climate. Pages 24-48 In Managing Wild Salmon, New Challenges-New Techniques, edited by F. Whoriskey and K. Whelan. Atlantic Salmon Federation, Galway Ireland. ISBN-10: 0920780253, ISBN-13: 978-0920780251

Renkawitz, M. D. and T.F. Sheehan. 2011. Feeding ecology of early marine phase Atlantic salmon Salmo salar post‐smolts. Journal of Fish Biology, 79(2), 356-373. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2011.03020.x

Renkawitz, M. D., Sheehan, T. F., and G.S. Goulette. 2012. Swimming depth, behavior, and survival of Atlantic salmon postsmolts in Penobscot Bay, Maine. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 141(5), 1219-1229. DOI: 10.1080/00028487.2012.688916

Renkawitz, M. D., T. F. Sheehan, H. J. Dixon, and R. Nygaard. 2015. Changing trophic structure and energy dynamics in the Northwest Atlantic: implications for Atlantic salmon feeding at West Greenland. Marine Ecology Progress Series 538:197-211. DOI: 10.3354/meps11470


Saunders, R, Hachey, M.A., and C.W. Fay. 2006. Maine's Diadromous Fish Community: Past, Present, and Implications for Atlantic Salmon Recovery. Fisheries 31 (11): 537-547. DOI: 10.1577/1548-8446(2006)31[537:MDFC]2.0.CO;2

Sheehan T. F., Assunção M. G. L., Chisholm N., Deschamps D., Dixon H., Renkawitz M., Rogan G., Nygaard R., King T. L., Robertson M. J., and N. O’Maoiléidigh. 2012. The international sampling program, continent of origin and biological characteristics of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) collected at West Greenland in 2011. US Dept. Commer. Northeast Fish. Sci. Cent. Ref. Doc. 12-24; 27 p.

Sheehan, T. F., Legault, C. M., King, T. L., and A.P. Spidle. 2010.">Probabilistic-based genetic assignment model: assignments to subcontinent of origin of the West Greenland Atlantic salmon harvest. ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil, 67(3), 537-550. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsp247

Sheehan, T. F., Reddin, D. G., Chaput, G., and M.D. Renkawitz. 2012. SALSEA North America: a pelagic ecosystem survey targeting Atlantic salmon in the Northwest Atlantic. ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil, 69(9), 1580-1588. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fss052

Sheehan, T. F., Renkawitz, M. D., and R.W. Brown. 2011. Surface trawl survey for U.S. origin Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. Journal of Fish Biology. 79: 374-398. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2011.03025.x

Sheehan, T.F. 1998. First record of the Ragged-tooth shark, Odontaspis ferox, off the U.S. Atlantic Coast. Marine Fisheries Review. 60(1): 33-34.

Sheehan, T.F., Kocik, J.F., Cadrin, S.X., Legault, C.M., Atkinson, E., and D. Bengtson. 2005. Marine Growth and Morphometrics for Three Populations of Atlantic Salmon from Eastern Maine, USA. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134 (3): 775-788. DOI:10.1577/T04-067.1

Spidle, A.P., Kalinowski, S.T., Lubinski, B.A., Perkins, D.L., Beland, K.F., Kocik, J.F., and T.L. King. 2003. Population structure of Atlantic salmon in Maine with reference to populations from Atlantic Canada. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 132: 196-209. DOI: 10.1577/1548-8659(2003)132%3C0196:PSOASI%3E2.0.CO;2

Stich, D. S., G. B. Zydlewski, J. F. Kocik, and J. D. Zydlewski. 2015. Linking behavior, physiology, and survival of Atlantic salmon smolts during estuary migration. Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science 7:68–86. DOI: 10.1080/19425120.2015.1007185

Stich, D.S., M. T. Kinnison, J. F. Kocik, and J. D. Zydlewski. 2015. Initiation of migration and movement rates of Atlantic salmon smolts in fresh water. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 72:1339-1351. DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-2014-0570

Sweka, J.A., Legault, C.M., Beland, K.F., Trial, J., and M.J. Millard. 2006. Evaluation of Removal Sampling for Basin-wide Assessment of Atlantic Salmon. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 26: 995-1002. DOI:10.1577/M05-079.1


Walker, R.V., Myers, K.W., Davis, N.D., Aydin, K.Y., Friedland, K.D., Carlson, H.R., Boehlert, G.W., Urawa, S., Ueno, Y., and G. Anma. 2000. Diurnal variation in thermal environment experienced by salmonids in the North Pacific as indicated by data storage tags. Fisheries Oceanography, 9:171-186. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2419.2000.00131.x

Wells, B.K., Friedland, K.D., and L.M. Clarke. 2003. 1Increment patterns in otoliths and scales from mature Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. Mar Ecol Prog. Ser., 262: 293–298. DOI: 0.3354/meps262293

Last updated by Northeast Fisheries Science Center on 10/18/2019