This article reviews the concept of optimum yield as mandated, interpreted, and applied over the past 40 years. It describes the approaches and forms used for describing optimum yield as well as the challenges managers have faced in applying it.
The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act of 2006 established new requirements to end and prevent overfishing through the use of annual catch limits (ACLs) and accountability measures (AMs). It also strengthened the role
National Standard 2 states that “conservation and management measures shall be based upon the best scientific information available.” The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Reauthorization Act of 2007 added provisions to improve the use