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Reducing Impacts on Nearshore Habitat in Puget Sound

To offset project-related habitat impacts and avoid net loss of nearshore habitat, project developers can make improvements in their project zone.

Examples of options for reducing impacts on nearshore habitat in Puget Sound include:

  • Reopening access of tidal waters.
  • Removing over-water structures that make salmon vulnerable to predators.
  • Minimizing impacts from over-water structures by placing them away from aquatic vegetation and maximizing grating.
  • Removing derelict vessels or structures.
  • Planting or restoring aquatic vegetation.
  • Planting native woody riparian vegetation.
  • Placing forage fish spawning gravel (“fish mix”) where needed.
  • Restoring beaches or other shoreline habitat.
  • Reducing shoreline armoring and bulkheads. Examples and help with assessing feasibility of alternative to hard armoring can be found at: https://wdfw.wa.gov/publications/01583 and https://wdfw.wa.gov/publications/01791
  • Replacing hard armoring with hybrid approaches that integrate vegetation. For more information see: http://www.shorefriendly.org/your-options/soft-shore-protection/
  • Waterfront landowners in Kitsap County can find technical support and resources for bulkhead removal at: https://shorefriendlykitsap.com/

Puget Sound Nearshore Habitat Conservation Calculator main page

Last updated by West Coast Regional Office on October 10, 2023