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NOAA, BOEM Announce Final North Atlantic Right Whale and Offshore Wind Strategy

January 25, 2024

Strategy is part of larger interagency effort to promote recovery of endangered species while responsibly developing offshore wind

Two North Atlantic right whales from above, exhaling. These two rare North Atlantic right whales were photographed by the NOAA's Northeast Fisheries Center aerial survey team in May 2016. Credit: Tim Cole/NOAA Fisheries, NEFSC.

Today, NOAA Fisheries and the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) released a final joint strategy to protect and promote the recovery of endangered North Atlantic right whales while responsibly developing offshore wind energy. The strategy identifies the agencies’ goals and key actions to continue to evaluate and mitigate the potential effects of offshore wind energy development on North Atlantic right whales and their habitat. It also builds on existing mitigation measures to protect North Atlantic right whales from the potential impacts of offshore wind development.

NOAA Fisheries and BOEM incorporated the best available scientific information and tribal and public feedback in the strategy. The draft strategy was developed to support the Biden-Harris Administration’s goal of developing 30 gigawatts of offshore wind by 2030. It is one component of NOAA Fisheries’ North Atlantic Right Whale Road to Recovery, which encapsulates ongoing work across the agency and in collaboration with partners to address threats to the species and monitor recovery progress.

“The Biden-Harris Administration is committed to ensuring offshore wind energy development is done in a responsible manner,” said BOEM Director Elizabeth Klein. “That’s why we have increased our efforts to develop a strategy based on the best available science that will allow us to protect the North Atlantic right whale while meeting our offshore wind goals that are necessary to curb climate change and protect the environment.”

“Right whales are endangered and climate change is impacting every aspect of their survival from changing ocean habitat, prey availability and affecting migratory patterns making the transition to cleaner, renewable energy critically important,” said NOAA Fisheries Assistant Administrator Janet Coit. “Working together on this strategy leverages the best available scientific information to inform offshore wind management decisions while conserving and recovering the species.”

The North Atlantic Right Whale and Offshore Wind Strategy provides guidance for a coordinated effort across the federal government and with agency partners to protect and promote the recovery of North Atlantic right whales and other marine life, while responsibly developing offshore wind energy to address the climate crisis.

The final strategy identifies several actions under three main goals: 1) mitigation and decision-support tools; 2) research and monitoring; and 3) collaboration, communication and outreach. These goals and actions will allow continued, coordinated and efficient collaborations between BOEM, NOAA Fisheries and our partners; collection and application of the best available scientific information and data insights to inform future decisions, including monitoring and mitigation programs; and implementation of effective measures to reduce risk and avoid and minimize impacts to North Atlantic right whales.

Immediate impact mitigation efforts include avoiding leasing in areas that may impact potential North Atlantic right whale habitat and high use areas, and providing guidance to developers on conducting robust sound field verification to ensure that noise levels expected from offshore wind activities do not exceed thresholds set for certain activities. The agencies invite industry and other partners to join in the implementation of this strategy, which will be evaluated and updated as new information becomes available. 

Federal agencies are already undertaking a number of activities that support the strategy, including:

  • NOAA Fisheries, BOEM and the Department of Energy are supporting the rapid development and deployment of advanced new technologies that can further the ability to detect, monitor and avoid negative interactions between marine mammals and offshore wind facility construction and operations. 
  • NOAA Fisheries and BOEM are making significant investments of Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) funds to conserve and recover endangered North Atlantic right whales.
    • BOEM has committed over $13.8 million in IRA funding toward acoustic impact modeling, passive acoustic monitoring and various North Atlantic right whale-related studies.
    • NOAA Fisheries dedicated $82 million in IRA funding for investments in four major areas over the next three years to include monitoring and computer modeling of whale distribution, vessel strike risk reduction on-demand fishing gear and enforcement efforts.
    • These investments will support the application of existing technologies — such as passive acoustic monitoring — to enable vessels to detect and avoid North Atlantic right whales and other large whales. They also support the development and evaluation of new technologies — such as those that use high-resolution satellite information — to transform North Atlantic right whale monitoring and improve understanding of the whales’ distribution and habitat use. 
  • NOAA Fisheries and BOEM are implementing the Federal Survey Mitigation Strategy to limit the impact of offshore wind energy development on NOAA Fisheries survey activities, including those focused on monitoring North Atlantic right whales.
  • NOAA Fisheries formed a new partnership with the Center for Enterprise Modernization, a federally funded research and development center operated by MITRE. This partnership will focus on the development of technologies and engineering approaches related to whale detection, vessel strike avoidance and on-demand or “ropeless” fishing gear. 

North Atlantic right whales are approaching extinction. There are approximately 360 individuals remaining, including fewer than 70 reproductively active females. Climate change is affecting every aspect of right whales’ survival, and NOAA Fisheries and its partners are dedicated to recovering and conserving the North Atlantic right whale population.

Media contacts

Lauren Gaches, NOAA, nmfs.pa@noaa.gov, 202-740-8314 

Sara McPherson, BOEM, sara.mcpherson@boem.gov, 202-341-9827

Last updated by Office of Communications on January 25, 2024