National Standard 10 of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act states that “conservation and management measures shall, to the extent practicable, promote the safety of human life at sea.” The National Standard 10 guidelines, published by NOAA Fisheries in 1998, provide guidance for the consideration of safety issues in fisheries management. Below are a variety of resources pertaining to the National Standard 10 and fishing safety.
To help promote safety in fisheries, NOAA Fisheries published a technical memorandum that provides tools to evaluate safety in fisheries. This tech memo, co-written by NOAA Fisheries staff and a fishing safety expert at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, includes a safety checklist to identify safety concerns and describes methods for conducting a risk assessment to help identify trends and safety hazards within a fishery.
Guidance on Fishing Vessel Risk Assessments and Accounting for Safety at Sea in Fishery Management Design (Lambert et al. 2015)
Recent work by NOAA Fisheries, the regional fishery management councils, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, and the U.S. Coast Guard has shown that the fishery management process can explicitly address safety at sea by analyzing information about the adverse outcomes (e.g., fatalities, nonfatal injuries, vessel losses, and vessel casualties) that have occurred in a fishery. Below are a few examples of such analyses.
Review of safety under the crab rationalization program for the BSAI crab fisheries – Appendix B of the Five-Year Review of the Crab Rationalization Management Program for Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Crab Fisheries (Lincoln & Woodley, 2010)
Red Snapper Individual Fishery Quota Program 5-year Review (see pages 36-37) (PDF, 96 pages)
The Final Regulatory Impact Review/Final Environmental Assessment/Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis for Amendment 97 to the Fishery Management Plan (FMP) for Groundfish in the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Management Area (BSAI), Amendment 80 Vessel Replacement (see pages 60-67)
Secretarial Review Draft. Regulatory Impact Review for Amendment 99 to the Fishery Management Plan for Groundfish of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands Management Area. Adjustment of the Maximum Length Overall on BSAI Freezer Longline License Limitation Program Licenses (see pages 20-25)
U.S. Coast Guard – Commercial Fishing Vessel Safety Program
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health – Commercial Fishing Safety Information
National Transportation Safety Board – Public Forum on Fishing Vessel Safety