Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus monachus) 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation

May 21, 2018

The 5-year Status Review for Mediterranean Monk Seal Published on September 2017

This review relies heavily on two documents: a review paper by Karamanlidis et al. (2015) and on the 2015 IUCN assessment (Karamanlidis and Dendrinos 2015). The information on the Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus) biology and habitat, threats, and conservation efforts were summarized and analyzed in light of the ESA section 4(a)(1) factors (see Section to determine whether a reclassification or delisting may be warranted (see Section 3.0). NMFS initiated a 5-year review of the Mediterranean monk seal and solicited information from the public on September 1, 2016 (81 FR 60347). NMFS received no public comments on this species.

Last updated by Office of Protected Resources on 04/21/2020

Endangered Species Act 5-Year Review