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Species Directory

ESA Threatened & Endangered

NOAA Fisheries has jurisdiction over 165 endangered and threatened marine species (80 endangered; 85 threatened), including 66 foreign species (40 endangered; 26 threatened).  

Additional species are currently under review or have been proposed for Endangered Species Act listing: 1 petitioned species awaiting a 90-day finding, 14 candidate species for ESA listing, 0 proposed species for ESA listing.

Display All
Species Name
Species Category
Species, Subspecies, or DPS
Status
Year Listed
Recovery Plan
Critical Habitat
Region
Acropora globiceps
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
Pacific Islands
Acropora jacquelineae
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
Pacific Islands
Acropora lokani
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2014
-
Foreign
Acropora pharaonis
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2014
-
Foreign
Acropora retusa
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
Pacific Islands
Acropora rudis
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2014
-
Foreign
Acropora speciosa
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
Pacific Islands
Acropora tenella
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2014
-
Foreign
Acipenser naccarii
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Latimeria chalumnae
Fish
Protected Fish
Tanzanian DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Anacropora spinosa
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2014
-
Foreign
Squatina argentina
Fish
Protected Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2017
-
-
Foreign
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Gulf of Maine DPS
ESA Endangered
2009 (expanded); 2000 (original)
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus
Fish
Protected Fish
Carolina DPS
ESA Endangered
2012
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
Chesapeake Bay DPS
ESA Endangered
2012
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
New York Bight DPS
ESA Endangered
2012
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
South Atlantic DPS
ESA Endangered
2012
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
Gulf of Maine DPS
ESA Threatened
2012
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
Pterapogon kauderni
Fish
Protected Fish
Reef Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Erignathus barbatus
Seals & Sea Lions
Beringia DPS
ESA Threatened
2012
-
Alaska
Okhotsk DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2012
-
-
Foreign
Delphinapterus leucas
Whales
Cook Inlet DPS
ESA Endangered
2008
Alaska
Haliotis cracherodii
Invertebrates
Abalone
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
2009
West Coast
Rhinobatos cemiculus
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2017
-
-
Foreign
Balaenoptera musculus
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
-
Alaska
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Sebastes paucispinis
Fish
Protected Fish
Puget Sound/Georgia Basin DPS
ESA Endangered
2010
Alaska
West Coast
Orbicella franksi
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
Southeast
Balaena mysticetus
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
-
-
Alaska
Rhinobatos horkelii
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2017
-
-
Foreign
Balaenoptera edeni
Whales
Gulf of Mexico subspecies
ESA Endangered
2019
-
-
Southeast
Cantharellus noumeae
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2015
-
-
Foreign
Nautilus pompilius
Invertebrates
Other
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2018
-
Pacific Islands
Lipotes vexillifer
Dolphins & Porpoises
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
1989
-
-
Foreign
Acipenser sinensis
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Sacramento River winter-run
ESA Endangered
1994
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Columbia River spring-run
ESA Endangered
1999
Alaska
West Coast
California coastal
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Central Valley spring-run
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Lower Columbia River
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Puget Sound
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Snake River fall-run
ESA Threatened
1992
Alaska
West Coast
Snake River spring/summer-run
ESA Threatened
1992
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Willamette River
ESA Threatened
2005
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Klamath-Trinity River
ESA Candidate
-
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Oregon Coast spring-run
ESA Candidate
-
-
-
West Coast
Southern Oregon and Northern California Coastal spring-run
ESA Candidate
-
-
-
-
Central Valley spring-run in the San Joaquin River XN
ESA Experimental Population
-
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Columbia River spring-run in the Okanogan River subbasin XN
ESA Experimental Population
-
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Oncorhynchus keta
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Columbia River ESU
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Hood Canal summer-run ESU
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Oncorhynchus kisutch
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Central California Coast ESU
ESA Endangered
2005; 1996 (original)
Alaska
West Coast
Lower Columbia River ESU
ESA Threatened
2005
Alaska
West Coast
Oregon coast ESU
ESA Threatened
2008
Alaska
West Coast
Southern Oregon & Northern California coasts ESU
ESA Threatened
1997
Alaska
West Coast
Squatina squatina
Fish
Protected Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Rhinobatos rhinobatos
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2017
-
-
Foreign
Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus
Fish
Protected Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2017
-
-
Foreign
Aipysurus fuscus
Plants/Other
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2015
-
-
Foreign
Pristis clavata
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Acropora palmata
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2006
Southeast
Thaleichthys pacificus
Fish
Protected Fish
Southern DPS
ESA Threatened
2010
Alaska
West Coast
Euphyllia paradivisa
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
Pacific Islands
Acipenser sturio
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Pseudorca crassidens
Whales
Dolphins & Porpoises
Main Hawaiian Islands Insular DPS
ESA Endangered
2012
Pacific Islands
Balaenoptera physalus
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
-
Alaska
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Manta birostris
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2018
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
Eschrichtius robustus
Whales
Western North Pacific DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
1994; 1970 (original)
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Pristis zijsron
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Acipenser medirostris
Fish
Protected Fish
Southern DPS
ESA Threatened
2006
Alaska
West Coast
Chelonia mydas
Sea Turtles
Central South Pacific DPS
ESA Endangered
2016
-
Pacific Islands
Central West Pacific DPS
ESA Endangered
2016
-
Pacific Islands
Mediterranean DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Central North Pacific DPS
ESA Threatened
2016
-
Pacific Islands
East Pacific DPS
ESA Threatened
2016
-
West Coast
North Atlantic DPS
ESA Threatened
2016
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
South Atlantic DPS
ESA Threatened
2016
-
Southeast
East Indian-West Pacific DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
North Indian DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Southwest Indian DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Southwest Pacific DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Arctocephalus townsendi
Seals & Sea Lions
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
1985
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Mycteroperca jordani
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
2016
-
West Coast
Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoi
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
1991
Southeast
Balaenoptera edeni (GoM subspecies)
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
2019
-
-
Southeast
Neomonachus schauinslandi
Seals & Sea Lions
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1976
Pacific Islands
Eretmochelys imbricata
Sea Turtles
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
Pacific Islands
Southeast
Foreign
Cephalorhynchus hectori
Dolphins & Porpoises
Maui's dolphin subspecies
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2017
-
-
Foreign
South Island Hector's dolphin subspecies
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2017
-
-
Foreign
Megaptera novaeangliae
Whales
Central America DPS
ESA Endangered
2016
West Coast
Western North Pacific DPS
ESA Endangered
2016
Alaska
Arabian Sea DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2016
-
Foreign
Cape Verde Islands/Northwest Africa DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2016
-
Foreign
Mexico DPS
ESA Threatened
2016
Alaska
West Coast
Platanista gangetica minor
Dolphins & Porpoises
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
1991
-
-
Foreign
Mycteroperca fusca
Fish
Protected Fish
Reef Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Isopora crateriformis
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
Pacific Islands
Halophila johnsonii
Plants/Other
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
1998
Southeast
Huso dauricus
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Lepidochelys kempii
Sea Turtles
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
-
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
Orcinus orca
Whales
Dolphins & Porpoises
Southern Resident DPS
ESA Endangered
2005
Alaska
West Coast
Pristis pristis
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
2014; 2011 (original)
-
-
Southeast
Dermochelys coriacea
Sea Turtles
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Foreign
Orbicella annularis
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
Southeast
Caretta caretta
Sea Turtles
North Pacific Ocean DPS
ESA Endangered
2011
Pacific Islands
West Coast
Mediterranean Sea DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
Northeast Atlantic Ocean DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
North Indian Ocean DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
South Pacific Ocean DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
Northwest Atlantic Ocean DPS
ESA Threatened
2011
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
South Atlantic Ocean DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
Southeast Indo-Pacific Ocean DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
Southwest Indian Ocean DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2011
-
-
Foreign
Monachus monachus
Seals & Sea Lions
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
1970
-
-
Foreign
Montipora australiensis
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2014
-
Foreign
Orbicella faveolata
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
Southeast
Anoxypristis cuspidata
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Mustelus schmitti
Fish
Protected Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2017
-
-
Foreign
Epinephelus striatus
Fish
Protected Fish
Reef Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2016
-
Southeast
Eubalaena glacialis
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
2008; 1970 (original)
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
Eubalaena japonica
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
2008; 1970 (original)
Alaska
West Coast
Carcharhinus longimanus
Fish
Protected Fish
Highly Migratory Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2018
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Lepidochelys olivacea
Sea Turtles
Mexico's Pacific coast breeding populations
ESA Endangered
1978
-
Foreign
All other populations
ESA Threatened
-
-
-
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Foreign
Pavona diffluens
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2014
-
Foreign
Dendrogyra cylindrus
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
Southeast
Porites napopora
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2014
-
Foreign
Phoca (pusa) hispida
Seals & Sea Lions
Ladoga subspecies
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2012
-
-
Foreign
Saimaa subspecies
ESA Endangered - Foreign
1993
-
-
Foreign
Arctic subspecies
ESA Threatened
2012 (original); 2018 (reinstated)
-
Alaska
Baltic subspecies
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2012
-
-
Foreign
Okhotsk subspecies
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2012
-
-
Foreign
Mycetophyllia ferox
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
Southeast
Acipenser mikadoi
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Squatina aculeata
Fish
Protected Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Fish
Protected Fish
Highly Migratory Fish
Sharks
Eastern Pacific DPS
ESA Endangered
2014
-
West Coast
Eastern Atlantic DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Central & Southwest Atlantic DPS
ESA Threatened
2014
-
Southeast
Indo-West Pacific DPS
ESA Threatened
2014
-
Pacific Islands
Balaenoptera borealis
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
-
Alaska
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Seriatopora aculeata
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
Pacific Islands
Acipenser brevirostrum
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1967
-
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
Siderastrea glynni
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2015
-
-
Foreign
Pristis pectinata
Fish
Protected Fish
U.S. Population
ESA Endangered
2003
Southeast
Foreign
Non-U.S. Population
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Squatina oculata
Fish
Protected Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Oncorhynchus nerka
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Snake River ESU
ESA Endangered
1991
Alaska
West Coast
Ozette Lake ESU
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Eubalaena australis
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
1970
-
-
Foreign
Physeter macrocephalus
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
-
Alaska
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Squatina guggenheim
Fish
Protected Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2017
-
-
Foreign
Phoca largha
Seals & Sea Lions
Southern DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2010
-
-
Foreign
Acropora cervicornis
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2006
Southeast
Oncorhynchus mykiss
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Southern California DPS
ESA Endangered
1997
Alaska
West Coast
California Central Valley DPS
ESA Threatened
1998
Alaska
West Coast
Central California Coast DPS
ESA Threatened
1997
Alaska
West Coast
Lower Columbia River DPS
ESA Threatened
1998
Alaska
West Coast
Middle Columbia River
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Northern California DPS
ESA Threatened
2000
Alaska
West Coast
Puget Sound DPS
ESA Threatened
2007
Alaska
West Coast
Snake River Basin DPS
ESA Threatened
2006
Alaska
West Coast
South-Central California Coast DPS
ESA Threatened
1997
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Columbia River DPS
ESA Threatened
2006; 1997 (original)
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Willamette River DPS
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Middle Columbia River XN
ESA Experimental Population
-
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Eumetopias jubatus
Seals & Sea Lions
Western DPS
ESA Endangered
1997; 1990 (original)
Alaska
West Coast
Mustelus fasciatus
Fish
Protected Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2017
-
-
Foreign
Sousa chinensis taiwanensis
Dolphins & Porpoises
Taiwanese Humpback Dolphin subspecies
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2018
-
-
Foreign
Totoaba macdonaldi
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
1979
-
-
Foreign
Tubastraea floreana
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2015
-
-
Foreign
Phocoena sinus
Dolphins & Porpoises
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
1985
-
-
Foreign
Haliotis sorenseni
Invertebrates
Abalone
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
2001
West Coast
Sebastes ruberrimus
Fish
Protected Fish
Puget Sound/ Georgia Basin DPS
ESA Threatened
2010
Alaska
West Coast