Groundfish on the West Coast encompass over 90 species sharing one important trait: at some point in their life they live on or near the ocean floor. Groundfish are a crucial part of West Coast underwater environments. They act as both predator and prey to different species and help maintain balance in underwater food chains.
Groundfish support one of the West Coast’s most important year-round commercial fisheries. Commercial fishermen earn over $366 million annually catching groundfish stocks. The commercial groundfish fishery also benefits coastal economies through processing plants, support service businesses, markets, and restaurants.