A vessel monitoring system (VMS) consists of a NOAA Fisheries type-approved transmitter that automatically determines a vessel's position and transmits it to a communications service provider. The communications service provider receives the transmission and relays it to NOAA Fisheries. In the Pacific Coast groundfish fishery, the position data is primarily used to monitor fishing activity relative to closed areas.
Regulations and Resources
- VMS Regulations (50 CFR §660.14)
- NOAA Fisheries Type-Approved VMS Units
- Compliance Guide for 2008 changes to the Vessel Monitoring System Program, updated January 2020