Species Directory

ESA Threatened & Endangered

NOAA Fisheries has jurisdiction over 165 endangered and threatened marine species (80 endangered; 85 threatened), including 66 foreign species (40 endangered; 26 threatened).  

Additional species are currently under review or have been proposed for Endangered Species Act listing: 4 petitioned species awaiting a 90-day finding, 13 candidate species for ESA listing, 0 proposed species for ESA listing.

Display All
Species Name
Species Category
Species, Subspecies, or DPS
Status
Year Listed
Recovery Plan
Critical Habitat
Region
Lepidochelys olivacea
Sea Turtles
Mexico's Pacific coast breeding populations
ESA Endangered
1978
-
West Coast
Pacific Islands
All other populations
ESA Threatened
1978
-
Pacific Islands
Pavona diffluens
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2014
-
Foreign
Dendrogyra cylindrus
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
-
Southeast
Porites napopora
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2014
-
Foreign
Phoca (pusa) hispida
Seals & Sea Lions
Ladoga subspecies
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2012
-
-
Foreign
Saimaa subspecies
ESA Endangered - Foreign
1993
-
-
Foreign
Arctic subspecies
ESA Threatened
2012 (original); 2018 (reinstated)
-
Alaska
Baltic subspecies
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2012
-
-
Foreign
Okhotsk subspecies
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2012
-
-
Foreign
Mycetophyllia ferox
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
-
Southeast
Acipenser mikadoi
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Squatina aculeata
Fish
Protected Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Fish
Protected Fish
Highly Migratory Fish
Sharks
Eastern Pacific DPS
ESA Endangered
2014
-
West Coast
Eastern Atlantic DPS
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Central & Southwest Atlantic DPS
ESA Threatened
2014
-
Southeast
Indo-West Pacific DPS
ESA Threatened
2014
-
Pacific Islands
Balaenoptera borealis
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
-
Alaska
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Seriatopora aculeata
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2014
-
Pacific Islands
Acipenser brevirostrum
Fish
Protected Fish
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1967
-
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Southeast
Siderastrea glynni
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2015
-
-
Foreign
Pristis pectinata
Fish
Protected Fish
U.S. Population
ESA Endangered
2003
Southeast
Foreign
Non-U.S. Population
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2014
-
-
Foreign
Squatina oculata
Fish
Protected Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2016
-
-
Foreign
Oncorhynchus nerka
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Snake River ESU
ESA Endangered
1991
Alaska
West Coast
Ozette Lake ESU
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Eubalaena australis
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
1970
-
-
Foreign
Physeter macrocephalus
Whales
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered
1970
-
Alaska
New England/Mid-Atlantic
Pacific Islands
Southeast
West Coast
Squatina guggenheim
Fish
Protected Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2017
-
-
Foreign
Phoca largha
Seals & Sea Lions
Southern DPS
ESA Threatened - Foreign
2010
-
-
Foreign
Acropora cervicornis
Invertebrates
Corals
Throughout Its Range
ESA Threatened
2006
Southeast
Oncorhynchus mykiss
Fish
Protected Fish
Salmon & Steelhead
Southern California DPS
ESA Endangered
1997
Alaska
West Coast
California Central Valley DPS
ESA Threatened
1998
Alaska
West Coast
Central California Coast DPS
ESA Threatened
1997
Alaska
West Coast
Lower Columbia River DPS
ESA Threatened
1998
Alaska
West Coast
Middle Columbia River
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Northern California DPS
ESA Threatened
2000
Alaska
West Coast
Puget Sound DPS
ESA Threatened
2007
Alaska
West Coast
Snake River Basin DPS
ESA Threatened
2006
Alaska
West Coast
South-Central California Coast DPS
ESA Threatened
1997
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Columbia River DPS
ESA Threatened
2006; 1997 (original)
Alaska
West Coast
Upper Willamette River DPS
ESA Threatened
1999
Alaska
West Coast
Middle Columbia River XN
ESA Experimental Population
-
-
-
Alaska
West Coast
Eumetopias jubatus
Seals & Sea Lions
Western DPS
ESA Endangered
1997; 1990 (original)
Alaska
West Coast
Mustelus fasciatus
Fish
Protected Fish
Sharks
Throughout Its Range
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2017
-
-
Foreign
Sousa chinensis taiwanensis
Dolphins & Porpoises
Taiwanese Humpback Dolphin subspecies
ESA Endangered - Foreign
2018
-
-
Foreign