ECO is an information management application covering NOAA Fisheries consultations under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act sections 305(b)(2) & 305(b)(4) Essential Fish Habitat (EFH).
Since 1996, U.S. Congress added new habitat conservation provisions to the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act. The North Pacific Fishery Management Council and NOAA Fisheries have described and identified essential fish habitat in
Every year, NOAA Fisheries, in coordination with numerous universities and state agencies, surveys shark populations in coastal habitats along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean and into the Gulf of Mexico to identify nursery habitats.
NMFS will make a decision regarding an Amendment to the Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan (FMP), Amendment 28. This action was recommended by the Council and could change where bottom trawl fishing and bottom contact gear fishing is allowed