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Federal Columbia River Power System Mitigation Actions

The FCRPS Biological Opinion requires the three FCRPS Action Agencies (Army Corps of Engineers, Bonneville Power Administration, and the Bureau of Reclamation) to implement a series of mitigation measures (also called Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives) to address the effects of the FCRPS on fish species protected under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

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Dereka Chargualaf wading in a river, writing on a clipboard Dereka Chargualaf, Fish Biologist with NOAA Fisheries West Coast Region in the California Coastal Office records data during a site visit on the Sacramento River. 
Chinook salmon jump in frothy white water Chinook salmon jump in frothy white water. Credit: Laura Mahoney/USFWS