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Federal Columbia River Power System Mitigation Actions

The FCRPS Biological Opinion requires the three FCRPS Action Agencies (Army Corps of Engineers, Bonneville Power Administration, and the Bureau of Reclamation) to implement a series of mitigation measures (also called Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives) to address the effects of the FCRPS on fish species protected under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

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Large woody debris in a creek in a forested area The Fivemile-Bell habitat restoration project in the Siuslaw watershed in Oregon. Credit: Siuslaw Watershed Council.
Field Camp with view of mountains and ocean in the background. Cape Shirreff Field Camp, Livingston Island, Antarctica. Credit NOAA Fisheries/Sergio Morales