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Turtle Excluder Device Regulations

Turtle excluder devices (TED) have been required in the United States beginning in 1987. The southeastern shrimp fisheries—which once faced severe restrictions and closures to protect endangered sea turtles—have continued to operate while saving the lives of sea turtles by using TEDs.

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NARW #3720 and calf North Atlantic right whale mother and calf. Credit: Clearwater Marine Aquarium Research Institute, taken under NOAA permit #20556-01.
A map showing turtle effigy and turtle carcass drift track comparison. A map showing turtle effigy and turtle carcass drift track comparison. The reasoning behind using effigies was to develop a product that mimicked how a sea turtle carcass drifts in order to repeat the study in other locations without the use of actual sea turtle carcasses. Here you can see an effigy follows the same drift pattern as two sea turtle carcasses.
NOAA Fisheries Right Whale Drone Image_40_with dolphins.JPG North Atlantic right whale mom and calf, Photo credit: Blue World Research Institute