Chum Salmon - Protected

Chum salmon swimming close to rocks.

About The Species

Chum salmon may historically have been the most abundant of all Pacific salmonids. They are an anadromous fish, which means they can live in both fresh and saltwater. Chum salmon have a relatively complex life history that includes spawning and juvenile rearing in rivers followed by migrating to saltwater to feed, grow, and mature before returning to freshwater to spawn. They are vulnerable to many stressors and threats including blocked access to spawning grounds and habitat degradation caused by dams and culverts. Two evolutionary significant units of chum salmon are listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act.

NOAA Fisheries is committed to conserving and protecting chum salmon. Our scientists and partners use a variety of innovative techniques to study, learn more about, and protect this species.

Learn more about chum salmon.

Status

ESA Threatened

in 2 evolutionarily significant units

  • Columbia River ESU
  • Hood Canal summer-run ESU

Scientific Classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Osteichthyes
Order
Salmoniformes
Family
Salmonidae
Genus
Oncorhynchus
Species
keta