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Species Directory

ESA Threatened & Endangered

NOAA Fisheries has jurisdiction over 163 endangered and threatened marine species (79 endangered; 84 threatened), including 65 foreign species (39 endangered; 26 threatened).  

Additional species are currently under review or have been proposed for Endangered Species Act listing: 3 petitioned species awaiting a 90-day finding, 12 candidate species for ESA listing, 1 proposed species for ESA listing.

In the table below, the Region column shows if the species can be found in a NOAA Fisheries region. If the species occurs only in areas beyond the U.S. exclusive economic zone and territorial waters, the region is labeled as Foreign.

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Species Name Species Category Protected Status
Acropora globiceps
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    Region
    Pacific Islands
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Acropora jacquelineae
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    Region
    Pacific Islands
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Acropora lokani
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Acropora pharaonis
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Acropora retusa
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    Region
    Pacific Islands
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Acropora rudis
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Acropora speciosa
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    Region
    Pacific Islands
Acropora tenella
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Acipenser naccarii
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Latimeria chalumnae
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Tanzanian DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Anacropora spinosa
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Squatina argentina
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Sharks
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2017
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Salmo salar
Also Known As
Sea run salmon
Kelts
Black salmon
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Gulf of Maine DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2009 (expanded); 2000 (original)
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Carolina DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2012
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Chesapeake Bay DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2012
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    New York Bight DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2012
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    South Atlantic DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2012
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Gulf of Maine DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2012
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Southeast
Pterapogon kauderni
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Reef Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Erignathus barbatus
  • Species Category
    Seals & Sea Lions
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Beringia DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2012
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Okhotsk DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2012
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Beringia DPS
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Okhotsk DPS
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Foreign
Delphinapterus leucas
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Cook Inlet DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2008
    Region
    Alaska
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Cook Inlet stock
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Sakhalin Bay-Nikolaya Bay-Amur River stock
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Haliotis cracherodii
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Abalone
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2009
    Region
    West Coast
Rhinobatos cemiculus
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2017
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Balaenoptera musculus
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1970
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Sebastes paucispinis
Also Known As
Bocaccio, Rock Salmon, Salmon Rockfish, Pacific Red Snapper, Pacific Snapper, Oregon Red Snapper, Oregon Snapper, Longjaw, Merou, Jack, Snapper, Rock Cod, Rockfish
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Groundfish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Puget Sound/Georgia Basin DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2010
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
Orbicella franksi
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex III
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Balaena mysticetus
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1970
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Rhinobatos horkelii
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2017
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Cantharellus noumeae
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2015
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign