Sea turtle floating over coral reef.

Endangered Species Conservation

Our Partners

Conservation groups; academia; tribal nations; and federal, state, and local governments all make important contributions to the protection and recovery of endangered and threatened species. We work with these organizations in many ways to minimize harmful effects on listed species and work toward their recovery. Our work with partners includes regularly reviewing and recommending activities to help reduce threats to a listed species, entering into agreements to proactively conserve species before they need listing under the Endangered Species Act, providing grants to support species recovery, and developing and implementing conservation strategies under species recovery plans.

Cooperation With States

Section 6 of the ESA, titled “Cooperation with the States,” allows NOAA Fisheries and states to collaborate in the conservation of threatened and endangered species, and in the monitoring of candidate and recently delisted species.

Under section 6, we are authorized to enter into agreements with any state that establishes and maintains an "adequate and active" program for the conservation of endangered and threatened species. Once a state enters into such an agreement, NOAA Fisheries is authorized to both help and fund implementation of the state's conservation program.

States can use federal funding—which we provide in the form of Species Recover Grants—to support management, research, and monitoring as well as outreach projects that have direct conservation benefits for listed species, recently delisted species, and candidate species that reside within that state.

Learn more about our work with states

Species Recovery Grants to States and Tribes

Species recovery grants support management, research, monitoring, and outreach activities. Eligible species include:

Learn more about recovery grants to states 

Learn more about recovery grants to tribes 

International Cooperation

Under the ESA, we must list species as endangered or threatened regardless of where they are found. The ESA benefits foreign species by restricting their commercial trade and facilitating bilateral and multilateral efforts and agreements.

We partner with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and other nations through the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. This partnership ensures that international trade does not threaten species survival. We are also a party to the Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife Protocol of the Cartagena Convention. Under this protocol, we collaborate with other nations of the wider Caribbean region to conserve and manage threatened and endangered species. 

ESA listing of foreign species can also increase global awareness of the threats they face, which may fuel conservation efforts in their range countries.  

Learn more about our international activities