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Species Directory

ESA Threatened & Endangered

NOAA Fisheries has jurisdiction over 163 endangered and threatened marine species (79 endangered; 84 threatened), including 65 foreign species (39 endangered; 26 threatened).  

Additional species are currently under review or have been proposed for Endangered Species Act listing: 3 petitioned species awaiting a 90-day finding, 12 candidate species for ESA listing, 1 proposed species for ESA listing.

In the table below, the Region column shows if the species can be found in a NOAA Fisheries region. If the species occurs only in areas beyond the U.S. exclusive economic zone and territorial waters, the region is labeled as Foreign.

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Species Name Species Category Protected Status
Nautilus pompilius
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Other
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2018
    ---
    Region
    Pacific Islands
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Lipotes vexillifer
  • Species Category
    Dolphins & Porpoises
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    1989
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Acipenser sinensis
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Sacramento River winter-run
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1994
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Upper Columbia River spring-run
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1999
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    California coastal
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1999
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Central Valley spring-run
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1999
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Lower Columbia River
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1999
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Puget Sound
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1999
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Snake River fall-run
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1992
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Snake River spring/summer-run
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1992
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Upper Willamette River
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2005
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Upper Klamath-Trinity River
    Species Status
    ESA Candidate
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Central Valley spring-run in the San Joaquin River XN
    Species Status
    ESA Experimental Population
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Upper Columbia River spring-run in the Okanogan River subbasin XN
    Species Status
    ESA Experimental Population
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
Oncorhynchus keta
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Columbia River ESU
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1999
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Hood Canal summer-run ESU
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1999
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
Oncorhynchus kisutch
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Central California Coast ESU
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2005; 1996 (original)
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Lower Columbia River ESU
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2005
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Oregon coast ESU
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2008
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Southern Oregon & Northern California coasts ESU
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1997
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
Squatina squatina
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Sharks
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Rhinobatos rhinobatos
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2017
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Sharks
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2017
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Aipysurus fuscus
  • Species Category
    Other
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2015
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Pristis clavata
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Acropora palmata
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2006
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex III
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Thaleichthys pacificus
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Southern DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2010
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
Euphyllia paradivisa
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    Region
    Pacific Islands
Acipenser sturio
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Pseudorca crassidens
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Species Category
    Dolphins & Porpoises
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Main Hawaiian Islands Insular DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2012
    Region
    Pacific Islands
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Main Hawaiian Islands Insular stock
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Balaenoptera physalus
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1970
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Manta birostris
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2018
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex III
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Eschrichtius robustus
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Western North Pacific DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1994; 1970 (original)
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Western North Pacific DPS
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Pristis zijsron
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Acipenser medirostris
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Southern DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2006
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Chelonia mydas
  • Species Category
    Sea Turtles
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Central South Pacific DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    Region
    Pacific Islands
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Central West Pacific DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    Region
    Pacific Islands
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Mediterranean DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Central North Pacific DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    Region
    Pacific Islands
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    East Pacific DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    Region
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    North Atlantic DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2016
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    South Atlantic DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    East Indian-West Pacific DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    North Indian DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Southwest Indian DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Southwest Pacific DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Arctocephalus townsendi
  • Species Category
    Seals & Sea Lions
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1985
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Mycteroperca jordani
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoi
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1991
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---