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Species Directory

ESA Threatened & Endangered

NOAA Fisheries has jurisdiction over 163 endangered and threatened marine species (79 endangered; 84 threatened), including 65 foreign species (39 endangered; 26 threatened).  

Additional species are currently under review or have been proposed for Endangered Species Act listing: 3 petitioned species awaiting a 90-day finding, 12 candidate species for ESA listing, 1 proposed species for ESA listing.

In the table below, the Region column shows if the species can be found in a NOAA Fisheries region. If the species occurs only in areas beyond the U.S. exclusive economic zone and territorial waters, the region is labeled as Foreign.

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Species Name Species Category Protected Status
Neomonachus schauinslandi
  • Species Category
    Seals & Sea Lions
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1976
    Region
    Pacific Islands
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Pacific Islands
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Pacific Islands
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Eretmochelys imbricata
  • Species Category
    Sea Turtles
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1970
    Region
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Cephalorhynchus hectori
  • Species Category
    Dolphins & Porpoises
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Maui's dolphin subspecies
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2017
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    South Island Hector's dolphin subspecies
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2017
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Megaptera novaeangliae
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Central America DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2016
    Region
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Western North Pacific DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2016
    Region
    Alaska
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Arabian Sea DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Cape Verde Islands/Northwest Africa DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Mexico DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2016
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Western North Pacific stock
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Central North Pacific stock
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    California, Oregon, Washington stock
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Platanista gangetica minor
  • Species Category
    Dolphins & Porpoises
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    1991
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Mycteroperca fusca
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Reef Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Isopora crateriformis
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    Region
    Pacific Islands
Huso dauricus
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Lepidochelys kempii
  • Species Category
    Sea Turtles
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1970
    ---
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Orcinus orca
Also Known As
Orca
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Species Category
    Dolphins & Porpoises
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Southern Resident DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2005
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    AT1 Transient stock
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Pristis pristis
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014; 2011 (original)
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Dermochelys coriacea
  • Species Category
    Sea Turtles
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1970
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Orbicella annularis
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex III
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Caretta caretta
  • Species Category
    Sea Turtles
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    North Pacific Ocean DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2011
    Region
    Pacific Islands
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Mediterranean Sea DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2011
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Northeast Atlantic Ocean DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2011
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    North Indian Ocean DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2011
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    South Pacific Ocean DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2011
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Northwest Atlantic Ocean DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2011
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    South Atlantic Ocean DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2011
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Southeast Indo-Pacific Ocean DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2011
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Southwest Indian Ocean DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2011
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Monachus monachus
  • Species Category
    Seals & Sea Lions
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    1970
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Montipora australiensis
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Orbicella faveolata
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex III
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Anoxypristis cuspidata
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Mustelus schmitti
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Sharks
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2017
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Epinephelus striatus
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Reef Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2016
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex III
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Eubalaena glacialis
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2008; 1970 (original)
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Eubalaena japonica
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2008; 1970 (original)
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Carcharhinus longimanus
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Highly Migratory Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Sharks
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2018
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex III
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Lepidochelys olivacea
  • Species Category
    Sea Turtles
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Mexico's Pacific coast breeding populations
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1978
    ---
    Region
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    All other populations
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Pavona diffluens
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    Region
    Foreign