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Species Directory

ESA Threatened & Endangered

NOAA Fisheries has jurisdiction over 163 endangered and threatened marine species (79 endangered; 84 threatened), including 65 foreign species (39 endangered; 26 threatened).  

Additional species are currently under review or have been proposed for Endangered Species Act listing: 3 petitioned species awaiting a 90-day finding, 12 candidate species for ESA listing, 1 proposed species for ESA listing.

In the table below, the Region column shows if the species can be found in a NOAA Fisheries region. If the species occurs only in areas beyond the U.S. exclusive economic zone and territorial waters, the region is labeled as Foreign.

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Species Name Species Category Protected Status
Dendrogyra cylindrus
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex III
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Porites napopora
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Balaenoptera ricei
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2019
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Phoca (pusa) hispida
  • Species Category
    Seals & Sea Lions
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Ladoga subspecies
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2012
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Saimaa subspecies
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    1993
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Arctic subspecies
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2012 (original); 2018 (reinstated)
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Baltic subspecies
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2012
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Okhotsk subspecies
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2012
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Ladoga subspecies
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Okhotsk subspecies
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Baltic subspecies
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Saimaa subspecies
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Arctic subspecies
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Foreign
Mycetophyllia ferox
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex III
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Acipenser mikadoi
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Squatina aculeata
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Sharks
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Sphyrna lewini
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Highly Migratory Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Sharks
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Eastern Pacific DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    Region
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Eastern Atlantic DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Central & Southwest Atlantic DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Indo-West Pacific DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    Region
    Pacific Islands
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex III
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Balaenoptera borealis
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1970
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Seriatopora aculeata
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2014
    Region
    Pacific Islands
Acipenser brevirostrum
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1967
    ---
    Region
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Pristis pectinata
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    U.S. Population
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    2003
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Non-U.S. Population
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2014
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Squatina oculata
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Sharks
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2016
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Oncorhynchus nerka
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Snake River ESU
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1991
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Ozette Lake ESU
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1999
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
Eubalaena australis
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    1970
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Physeter macrocephalus
  • Species Category
    Whales
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1970
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    New England/Mid-Atlantic
    Pacific Islands
    Southeast
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Squatina guggenheim
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Sharks
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2017
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Phoca largha
  • Species Category
    Seals & Sea Lions
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Southern DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2010
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Southern DPS
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    Foreign
Acropora cervicornis
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2006
    Region
    Southeast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex II
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout the Wider Caribbean Region
    Species Status
    SPAW Annex III
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Southeast
Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Southern California DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1997
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    California Central Valley DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1998
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Central California Coast DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1997
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Lower Columbia River DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1998
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Middle Columbia River
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1999
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Northern California DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2000
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Puget Sound DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2007
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Snake River Basin DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2006
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    South-Central California Coast DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1997
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Upper Columbia River DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    2006; 1997 (original)
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Upper Willamette River DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Threatened
    Year Listed
    1999
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Middle Columbia River XN
    Species Status
    ESA Experimental Population
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
Eumetopias jubatus
  • Species Category
    Seals & Sea Lions
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Western DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered
    Year Listed
    1997; 1990 (original)
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Eastern DPS
    Species Status
    ESA Delisted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Western DPS
    Species Status
    MMPA Depleted
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Western DPS
    Species Status
    MMPA Strategic
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Alaska
    West Coast
    Foreign
Mustelus fasciatus
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
    • Sharks
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2017
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
Sousa chinensis taiwanensis
  • Species Category
    Dolphins & Porpoises
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Taiwanese Humpback Dolphin subspecies
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2018
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    MMPA Protected
    ---
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Totoaba macdonaldi
  • Species Category
    Fish
    • Protected Fish
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    1979
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    CITES Appendix I
    ---
    ---
    ---
    ---
Tubastraea floreana
  • Species Category
    Invertebrates
    • Corals
  • Name of DPS or Stock
    Throughout Its Range
    Species Status
    ESA Endangered - Foreign
    Year Listed
    2015
    ---
    ---
    Region
    Foreign