Conserving Habitat in the Alaska Region

Alaska habitat conservation programs and resources

Sea star on eelgrass bed Sitka, Alaska

Sea star on eelgrass bed, adjacent to the Sitka National Historic Park, used as compensatory mitigation for the Sitka Airport.

NOAA Fisheries conducts and reviews environmental analyses for a large variety of activities ranging from commercial fishing, to coastal development, to large transportation and energy projects. Working with industries, stakeholder groups, government agencies, and private citizens, we ensure that these activities have minimal or no impact on essential fish habitat and marine life in Alaska. Our habitat conservation activities include protecting essential fish habitat, mitigating damage to and enhancing habitat affected by hydropower project construction and operations, removing invasive species, and restoring habitat that has been affected by development, oil spills, and other human activities. We focus on habitats used by federally-managed fish species located offshore, nearshore, in estuaries, and in freshwater areas important to migratory salmon. 



Alaska Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) Mapper

ArcGIS Web Application with spatial data and maps of Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) for species managed by the North Pacific Fishery Management…


Essential Fish Habitat: An Ecosystem Approach

Poster: Essential Fish Habitat (EFH), An Ecosystem Approach Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) is defined as the physical, biological and…


ShoreZone - Maps, Video, Images

The ShoreZone mapping system has been in use since the early 1980s and has been applied to more than 120,000 km of shoreline in Alaska, Oregon,…



Impacts to Essential Fish Habitat from Non-Fishing Activities in Alaska

Alaska extends over Arctic, subarctic, and temperate climate zones. Four recognized Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) exist in these climate zones …


Essential Fish Habitat 5-Year Review Summary Report 2010 through 2015

Final summary report to present the 2015 Essential Fish Habitat 5-year review. In April 2017, the Council recommended amendments to revise Essential…


Final Environmental Impact Statement for Essential Fish Habitat Identification and Conservation in Alaska: Volume I

The 1996 amendments to the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Magnuson-Stevens Act) included new provisions concerning the…

Last updated by Alaska Regional Office on December 16, 2019

Habitat Conservation